See also: DIN, Din, dín, dìn, dîn, -din, and dìŋ

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

din

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Dinka.

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: dĭn, IPA(key): /dɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English dynne, dyne, dyn, from Old English dyne, from Proto-West Germanic *duni, from Proto-Germanic *duniz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰún-is, from *dʰwen- (to make a noise).

Cognate with Sanskrit धुनि (dhúni, sounding), ध्वनति (dhvánati, to make a noise, to roar), Old Norse dynr, Norwegian Nynorsk dynja.

Noun edit

din (countable and uncountable, plural dins)

  1. A loud noise; a cacophony or loud commotion.
Quotations edit
Synonyms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English dynnen, from Old English dynnan, from Proto-Germanic *dunjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwen- (to make a noise).

Verb edit

din (third-person singular simple present dins, present participle dinning, simple past and past participle dinned)

  1. (intransitive) To make a din, to resound.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, “The Waggoner” Canto 2, in The Miscellaneous Poems of William Wordsworth, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, Volume 2, p. 21,[3]
      For, spite of rumbling of the wheels,
      A welcome greeting he can hear;—
      It is a fiddle in its glee
      Dinning from the CHERRY TREE!
    • 1920, Zane Grey, “The Rube’s Pennant”, in The Redheaded Outfield and Other Baseball Stories[4], New York: Grosset & Dunlap, page 68:
      My confused senses received a dull roar of pounding feet and dinning voices as the herald of victory.
    • 1924, Edith Wharton, chapter 4, in Old New York: New Year’s Day (The ’Seventies)[5], New York: D. Appleton & Co., pages 62–63:
      Should she speak of having been at the fire herself—or should she not? The question dinned in her brain so loudly that she could hardly hear what her companion was saying []
  2. (intransitive) (of a place) To be filled with sound, to resound.
    • 1914, Rex Beach, chapter 3, in The Auction Block[6], New York: Harper & Bros., page 33:
      The room was dinning with the strains of an invisible orchestra and the vocal uproar []
  3. (transitive) To assail (a person, the ears) with loud noise.
    • 1716, Joseph Addison, The Free-Holder: or Political Essays, London: D. Midwinter & J. Tonson, No. 8, 16 January, 1716, pp. 45-46,[7]
      She ought in such Cases to exert the Authority of the Curtain Lecture; and if she finds him of a rebellious Disposition, to tame him, as they do Birds of Prey, by dinning him in the Ears all Night long.
    • 1817, John Keats, “On the Sea”, in Richard Monckton Milnes, editor, Life, Letters, and Literary Remains, of John Keats[8], volume 2, London: Edward Moxon, published 1848, page 291:
      Oh ye! whose ears are dinn’d with uproar rude,
      Or fed too much with cloying melody,—
      Sit ye near some old cavern’s mouth, and brood
      Until ye start, as if the sea-nymphs quired!
    • 1938, Graham Greene, chapter 1, in Brighton Rock, New York: Vintage, published 2002:
      No alarm-clock dinned her to get up but the morning light woke her, pouring through the uncurtained glass.
  4. (transitive) To repeat continuously, as though to the point of deafening or exhausting somebody.
    • 1724, The Hibernian Patriot: Being a Collection of the Drapier’s Letters to the People of Ireland concerning Mr. Wood’s Brass Half-Pence[9], London: Jonathan Swift, published 1730, Letter 2, p. 61:
      This has been often dinned in my Ears.
    • 1864 August – 1866 January, [Elizabeth] Gaskell, chapter 50, in Wives and Daughters. An Every-day Story. [], volumes (please specify |volume=I or II), London: Smith, Elder and Co., [], published 1866, →OCLC:
      “Mamma, do you forget that I have promised to marry Roger Hamley?” said Cynthia quietly.
      “No! of course I don’t—how can I, with Molly always dinning the word ‘engagement’ into my ears? []
    • 1949 June 8, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 6, in Nineteen Eighty-Four: A Novel, London: Secker & Warburg, →OCLC; republished [Australia]: Project Gutenberg of Australia, August 2001:
      By careful early conditioning, by games and cold water, by the rubbish that was dinned into them at school and in the Spies and the Youth League, by lectures, parades, songs, slogans, and martial music, the natural feeling had been driven out of them.
    • 2004, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason, Penguin, page 183:
      His mother had dinned The Whole Duty of Man into him in early childhood.
Synonyms edit
  • (repeat continuously): drum.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

din (uncountable)

  1. (Islam) Alternative spelling of deen (religion, faith, religiosity).

See also edit

etymologically unrelated terms containing "din"

Anagrams edit

Abinomn edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

din (dual dirom, plural doidi)

  1. (anatomy) calf[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Foley, William A. (2018) “The languages of Northwest New Guinea”, in Palmer, Bill, editor, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide (The World of Linguistics), volume 4, Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton, →ISBN, pages 433–568

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Albanian *deina (day), from Proto-Indo-European *dey-no-, ultimately from *dyew- (to shine). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *dьnь, Latvian diena, Lithuanian dėina, Old Prussian dēinā.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

din (aorist diu, participle dinë)

  1. to break (of the day)

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “din”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 66

Azerbaijani edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic дин
Abjad دین

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

din (definite accusative dini, sound plural dinlər, broken plural ədyan)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension edit

    Declension of din
singular plural
sound broken
nominative din
dinlər
ədyan
definite accusative dini
dinləri
ədyanı
dative dinə
dinlərə
ədyana
locative dində
dinlərdə
ədyanda
ablative dindən
dinlərdən
ədyandan
definite genitive dinin
dinlərin
ədyanın
    Possessive forms of din
nominative
singular plural
sound broken
mənim (my) dinim dinlərim ədyanım
sənin (your) dinin dinlərin ədyanın
onun (his/her/its) dini dinləri ədyanı
bizim (our) dinimiz dinlərimiz ədyanımız
sizin (your) dininiz dinləriniz ədyanınız
onların (their) dini or dinləri dinləri ədyanı
accusative
singular plural
sound broken
mənim (my) dinimi dinlərimi ədyanımı
sənin (your) dinini dinlərini ədyanını
onun (his/her/its) dinini dinlərini ədyanını
bizim (our) dinimizi dinlərimizi ədyanımızı
sizin (your) dininizi dinlərinizi ədyanınızı
onların (their) dinini or dinlərini dinlərini ədyanını
dative
singular plural
sound broken
mənim (my) dinimə dinlərimə ədyanıma
sənin (your) dininə dinlərinə ədyanına
onun (his/her/its) dininə dinlərinə ədyanına
bizim (our) dinimizə dinlərimizə ədyanımıza
sizin (your) dininizə dinlərinizə ədyanınıza
onların (their) dininə or dinlərinə dinlərinə ədyanına
locative
singular plural
sound broken
mənim (my) dinimdə dinlərimdə ədyanımda
sənin (your) dinində dinlərində ədyanında
onun (his/her/its) dinində dinlərində ədyanında
bizim (our) dinimizdə dinlərimizdə ədyanımızda
sizin (your) dininizdə dinlərinizdə ədyanınızda
onların (their) dinində or dinlərində dinlərində ədyanında
ablative
singular plural
sound broken
mənim (my) dinimdən dinlərimdən ədyanımdan
sənin (your) dinindən dinlərindən ədyanından
onun (his/her/its) dinindən dinlərindən ədyanından
bizim (our) dinimizdən dinlərimizdən ədyanımızdan
sizin (your) dininizdən dinlərinizdən ədyanınızdan
onların (their) dinindən or dinlərindən dinlərindən ədyanından
genitive
singular plural
sound broken
mənim (my) dinimin dinlərimin ədyanımın
sənin (your) dininin dinlərinin ədyanının
onun (his/her/its) dininin dinlərinin ədyanının
bizim (our) dinimizin dinlərimizin ədyanımızın
sizin (your) dininizin dinlərinizin ədyanınızın
onların (their) dininin or dinlərinin dinlərinin ədyanının

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • din” in Obastan.com.

Breton edit

Pronoun edit

din

  1. first-person singular of da

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz (your).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /diːn/, [d̥iːˀn]

Determiner edit

din (neuter dit, plural dine)

  1. your, thy (singular; one owner)
  2. yours, thine (singular; one owner)

See also edit

Galician edit

Verb edit

din

  1. third-person plural present indicative of dicir

Iban edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

din

  1. there (very far from the speaker)

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Malay din, from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

din (first-person possessive dinku, second-person possessive dinmu, third-person possessive dinnya)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)
    Synonym: agama

Further reading edit

Kiput edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-North Sarawak *daqan, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *daqan.

Noun edit

din

  1. branch

Ladino edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Hebrew דִּין (din).

Noun edit

din m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling דין)

  1. religious law

Further reading edit

  • Aitor García Moreno, editor (2013–), “din¹”, in Diccionario Histórico Judeoespañol (in Spanish), CSIC
  • Joseph Nehama, Jesús Cantera (1977) “din”, in Dictionnaire du Judéo-Espagnol (in French), Madrid: CSIC, →ISBN, page 142
  • Elli Kohen & Dahlia Kohen-Gordon (2000) “din”, in Ladino–English Concise Encyclopedic Dictionary, Hippocrene Books, →ISBN, page 117

Malay edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

din (Jawi spelling دين, plural din-din, informal 1st possessive dinku, 2nd possessive dinmu, 3rd possessive dinnya)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabic دِين (dīn).

Noun edit

din m (plural djien)

  1. (dated or puristic) religion
    Synonym: reliġjon

Etymology 2 edit

Determiner edit

din (masculine dan, plural dawn)

  1. feminine singular of dan
    Coordinate term: hedan (hedana)
    Alternative forms: dina, di

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

din

  1. Nonstandard spelling of dìn.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Middle English edit

Noun edit

din

  1. Alternative form of dynne

Naga Pidgin edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Assamese দিন (din).

Noun edit

din

  1. day

Derived terms edit

Northern Kurdish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

din (not comparable)

  1. other

Northern Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtiːn/

Pronoun edit

dīn

  1. accusative/genitive of dii

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

See also edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

Declension edit

References edit

Occitan edit

Preposition edit

din

  1. inside; alternative form of dins

Old High German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *þīn, whence also Old English þīn, Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

dīn

  1. genitive singular of du

Determiner edit

dīn

  1. your (singular)

Inflection edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle High German: dīn

References edit

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer, second edition.

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

Univerbation of di +‎ in

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

din

  1. of/from the sg

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

From de + în.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

din (+accusative)

  1. on, on top of
  2. from, out of
    din Spania
    from Spain
    unul din doi
    one out of two

Saterland Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian thīn, from Proto-West Germanic *þīn. Cognates include West Frisian dyn and German dein.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

din (feminine dien, neuter dien, plural dien, predicative dinnen)

  1. thy, your

See also edit

References edit

  • Marron C. Fort (2015) “din”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Spanish edit

Noun edit

din

  1. Clipping of dinero.

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Swedish þīn, from Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz.

Determiner edit

din c (neuter singular ditt, plural dina)

  1. your, yours (speaking to one person)
  2. you; used for comparisons between the person spoken to and a common noun.
    Din jävla idiot!
    You bloody idiot!
    Din lille fan!
    You little bastard!
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

din

  1. definite singular of di

References edit

Tagalog edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Philippine *dən (completive particle). Compare Aklanon eon, Cebuano ron, and Maranao den.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

din (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜒᜈ᜔)

  1. too; also
    Synonyms: saka, man

Usage notes edit

  • When the preceding word ends with a vowel, ⟨w⟩, or ⟨y⟩, rin is used instead, but the distinction isn't always made. Other words with this phenomenon include dito, diyan, doon, and daw.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • din”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ottoman Turkish دین, from Arabic دِين (dīn) with some influence from Middle Persian (see the Arabic term for details).

Noun edit

din (definite accusative dini, plural dinler)

  1. (religion) System of beliefs dealing with soul, deity or life after death.
Declension edit
Inflection
Nominative din
Definite accusative dini
Singular Plural
Nominative din dinler
Definite accusative dini dinleri
Dative dine dinlere
Locative dinde dinlerde
Ablative dinden dinlerden
Genitive dinin dinlerin
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

din

  1. second-person singular imperative of dinmek

Uzbek edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic дин (din)
Latin din
Perso-Arabic

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabic دِين (dīn).

Noun edit

din (plural dinlar)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension edit

Volapük edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Ding.

Noun edit

din (nominative plural dins)

  1. thing

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Welsh din, from Proto-Brythonic *din, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun edit

din m

  1. (obsolete) city, fort, stronghold
Usage notes edit

Found chiefly as an element in place names, e.g. Dinbych (Denbigh), Caerfyrddin (Carmarthen).

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
din ddin nin unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

din

  1. Soft mutation of tin.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tin din nhin thin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

din c (plural dinnen, diminutive dintsje)

  1. pine, coniferous tree of the genus Pinus.

Further reading edit

  • din (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Cognate with Yoruba dẹ́n, Èkìtì Yoruba dị́n, Itsekiri dẹ́n, Ifè ɖɛ̃́, Igala dẹ́, and Olukumi dín. Proposed to be derived from Proto-Yoruboid *dɪ̃́

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dín

  1. to fry in oil
    a dín ataWe fried pepper
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dín

  1. (transitive, arithmetic) to subtract
  2. (intransitive) to become reduced in number
Derived terms edit

Zhuang edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tai *tiːnᴬ (foot). Cognate with Thai ตีน (dtiin), Lao ຕີນ (tīn), ᦎᦲᧃ (ṫiin), Shan တိၼ် (tǐn), Ahom 𑜄𑜢𑜃𑜫 (tin), Bouyei dinl.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

din (Sawndip forms or 𬻚 or 𭴀 or or 𮛷 or 𧿬 or or 𦘭 or or 𱓂, 1957–1982 spelling din)

  1. foot (of a human)
  2. base; foot; lowest part of an object

See also edit