edestä

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Elative singular of esi-. Cognate with Estonian eest.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈedestæ/, [ˈe̞de̞s̠t̪æ]
  • Rhymes: -edestæ
  • Syllabification: e‧des‧tä

PostpositionEdit

edestä (+ genitive or possessive suffix)

  1. from in front of, from before; out of the way of; sometimes in front of due to different usage in Finnish and English
    Hän siirtyi talon edestä sivuun.
    S/he moved aside from in front of the house.
    Löysin talomme edestä sieniä.
    I found mushrooms in front of our house.
  2. for, on behalf of
    Vanhemmat raatoivat lastensa edestä.
    The parents toiled for their children.
  3. (rare) used to express equal worth
    Tein töitä kahden edestä.
    I did the work of two.
    Saisinko kymmenen euron edestä mansikoita?
    Can I have ten euros' worth of strawberries?

InflectionEdit

Personal/possessive forms of edestä
no possessor edestä
possessor singular plural
1st person edestäni edestämme
2nd person edestäsi edestänne
3rd person edestään
edestänsä

Usage notesEdit

  • When the head word is a personal pronoun (which is often omitted, especially in 1st person), a possessive suffix is added to edestä:
Metso lähti lentoon aivan (minun) edestäni.
A wood grouse took wing right in front of me.
Edestämme kuului avunhuutoja.
In front of us we heard cries for help.

AdverbEdit

edestä

  1. from the front, from ahead, out of the way
    Tuuli puhaltaa suoraan edestä.
    The wind blows straight from ahead.
    Pois edestä!
    Get out of the way!

AntonymsEdit

  • (from in front of, from before): takaa

Related termsEdit

See the inflection table above and the derived terms under esi-.

CompoundsEdit