See also: Elk, -elk, and Ełk

EnglishEdit

 
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Eurasian elk, or moose (Alces alces)
 
North American elk, or wapiti (Cervus canadensis)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛlk/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English elk, from Old English eolc, eolh (elk), from Proto-Germanic *elhaz, *algiz (elk) (compare Low German Elk, German Elch, Norwegian elg, Swedish älg), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁élḱis, *h₁ólḱis (compare Polish łoś, Russian лось (losʹ), Vedic Sanskrit ऋश्य (ṛ́śya, antelope), variant of *h₁elh₁én (compare German Elen, Tocharian A yäl, Tocharian B ylem (gazelle), Lithuanian élnis (stag), Armenian եղնիկ (ełnik, doe, hind)), from *h₁el- (deer).

NounEdit

elk (plural elk or elks)

  1. Any of various large species of deer such as the red deer, moose or wapiti (see usage notes).
    1. The subspecies of the moose (Alces alces alces, alternatively named Eurasian elk to avoid confusion with the wapiti) that occurs only in Europe and Asia.
    2. (now chiefly Europe) Any moose (Alces alces), the largest member of the deer family.
    3. (Canada, US) The common wapiti (Cervus canadensis), the second largest member of the deer family, once thought to be a subspecies of red deer.
Usage notesEdit

Elk originally referred to the moose. The wapiti was named elk by European explorers in North America, who thought it resembled the moose.

The word elk is now commonly used in the same way as the word caribou is used for the subspecies of the reindeer. The only difference here is that it refers only to a single subspecies, while caribou refers to several subspecies of the reindeer.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Korean: 엘크 (elkeu)
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

elk (plural elks)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of elke (the common swan (Cygnus cygnus, syn. Cygnus ferus))

ReferencesEdit

  • elk at OneLook Dictionary Search

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch elk.

PronounEdit

elk

  1. (rather rare, literary) everyone; everybody

SynonymsEdit

DeterminerEdit

elk

  1. (in expressions only) Alternative form of elke (every)
    in elk geval — “in every (i.e. any) case”

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch elc. Compare English each, West Frisian elk, from Proto-Germanic *aiwô (ever, always) + *ga- + Proto-Germanic *hwilīkaz.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

elk

  1. each; every

Usage notesEdit

  • The Dutch determiners elk and ieder are entirely interchangeable. They do not exhibit the slight distinction that is usually made between English each and every.[1]

InflectionEdit

Inflection of elk
uninflected elk
inflected elke
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial elk
indefinite m./f. sing. elke
n. sing. elk
plural elke
definite elke
partitive

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: elk
  • Negerhollands: elk

PronounEdit

elk

  1. (chiefly in expressions) everyone; everybody
    Melk is goed voor elk.
    Milk is good for everyone.
    Elk op zijn beurt.
    One at a time. (Literally: Everybody at their turn.)

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Dutch elk, English each.

PronounEdit

elk

  1. (in the singular) each, every
  2. (in the plural) some, many

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apparently from Old English eolh, though it is not found before 1475 and the phonetic development is irregular.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

elk

  1. (Late Middle English, rare) elk, moose (Alces alces)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit