TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SymbolEdit

al

  1. (metrology) Symbol for attoliter (attolitre), an SI unit of fluid measure equal to 10−18 liters (litres).

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi आल (āl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

al (usually uncountable, plural als)

  1. The Indian mulberry, Morinda citrifolia, especially as used to make dye.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch al, from Middle Dutch al, from Old Dutch al, from Proto-West Germanic *all.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

al

  1. already

AdjectiveEdit

al (attributive alle, not comparable)

  1. all; every

ConjunctionEdit

al

  1. even though, although

AsturianEdit

ContractionEdit

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a el (to the).

BretonEdit

ArticleEdit

al

  1. the

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a el (at the; to the).
    Vaig al zoo.I go to the zoo.

Usage notesEdit

When el contracts to l' before a vowel, al is not used. For example, Ens veurem a l'aeroport.

Further readingEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse allr (all).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

al (neuter alt, plural alle)

  1. all
  2. any

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch al, from Old Dutch al, from Proto-West Germanic *all.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɑl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al
  • Rhymes: -ɑl

DeterminerEdit

al

  1. all, all of
    Heb je al het bier opgedronken?Did you drink all the beer?
    Van Gogh produceerde al zijn werk gedurende een periode van slechts tien jaar.Van Gogh produced all of his work during a period of only ten years.
    Alle olie is uit de tanker gelekt.All the oil has leaked out of the tanker.
    Niet alle mensen zijn zo gemeen.Not all people are that mean.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of al
uninflected al
inflected alle
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial
indefinite m./f. sing. alle
n. sing. al
plural alle
definite alle
partitive

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AdverbEdit

al

  1. already
    Het is al negen uur.It's 9 o'clock already.
  2. yet
    Heb je al een kip gekocht?Have you bought a chicken yet?

Derived termsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

al

  1. even
    Al zou ik het willen...Even if I wanted to...
    Synonym: ook al

AnagramsEdit


EmilianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ille (that).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /al/
  • Hyphenation: al

PronounEdit

al (personal)

  1. (nominative case) he
  2. (accusative case) him

Alternative formsEdit

  • Becomes l- before a vowel.
  • Becomes -el when acting as an enclitic (after a consonant).
  • Becomes -l when acting as an enclitic (after a vowel).

Related termsEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

al

  1. to; toward
  2. to (indicates indirect object)
    Ŝi donis la libron al siaj gepatroj.She gave the book to her (own) parents.

Related termsEdit

  • alaĵo (appendix, addendum)
  • aligi (add, join)
  • aliĝi (join, enroll)

Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

Contraction of French ale, from French aller.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

al

  1. to go
    Synonym: ale

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *ëla (space, area under something, under(neath), the lower (part)). (Spelled *ala in Uralonet.) Originally it was a noun; today it is used in compound words, see al-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

al

  1. (archaic, rare) lower part of something

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative al alok
accusative alt alokat
dative alnak aloknak
instrumental allal alokkal
causal-final alért alokért
translative allá alokká
terminative alig alokig
essive-formal alként alokként
essive-modal
inessive alban alokban
superessive alon alokon
adessive alnál aloknál
illative alba alokba
sublative alra alokra
allative alhoz alokhoz
elative alból alokból
delative alról alokról
ablative altól aloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
alé aloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
aléi alokéi
Possessive forms of al
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alom aljaim
2nd person sing. alod aljaid
3rd person sing. alja aljai
1st person plural alunk aljaink
2nd person plural alotok aljaitok
3rd person plural aljuk aljaik

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #7 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further readingEdit

  • al in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • al in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)

IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

al

  1. indefinite accusative/dative singular of alur

IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

al

  1. Contraction of a la (to the).

Usage notesEdit

This is optional, you can also use a l'...


IngrianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PostpositionEdit

al (+ genitive)

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 135:
      Aitan al ellää kärppä.
      Under the storehouse lives a stoat.

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, 1936, page 135
  • Ruben E. Nirvi, Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, 1971, page 10
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachinkov, Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], 2014, →ISBN, page 33

InterlinguaEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

al

  1. Contraction of a le (to the).

IstriotEdit

ContractionEdit

al

  1. Contraction of a el (at the).}}
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 40:
      Che mai pioûn biela duon i’iê veisto al mondo,
      That I haven’t ever seen a more beautiful woman in the world,

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

al

  1. Contraction of a il (to the, at the).

PrepositionEdit

al or allo or all' m (feminine all' or alla)

  1. (cooking, in the singular) with (an ingredient)
    Synonym: con
    risotto al pecorinorice with pecorino cheese
    risotto allo zafferanorice with saffron
    pasta all'agliopasta with garlic

AnagramsEdit


LadinEdit

ContractionEdit

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a l (at/to the).

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German ald, northern variant of alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, English old, Dutch oud, West Frisian âld.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

al (masculine alen, neuter aalt, comparative méi al or eeler, superlative am eelsten)

  1. old, aged
    Vun ale Mënsche kann ee villes léieren.There’s a lot to learn from old people.
    Antonym: jonk
  2. (of food) stale
    Dat aalt Brout kënne mer de Vulle ginn.We can give the stale bread to the birds.
    Antonym: frësch

DeclensionEdit


MandinkaEdit

PronounEdit

al

  1. you (personal pronoun)

See alsoEdit


Mauritian CreoleEdit

VerbEdit

al

  1. Medial form of ale

Michoacán NahuatlEdit

NounEdit

al

  1. water

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch al, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

al

  1. all, all of

AdverbEdit

al

  1. completely

ConjunctionEdit

al

  1. even though, no matter whether

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: al
    • Afrikaans: al
  • Limburgish: al

Further readingEdit

  • “al (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[4], 2000
  • “al (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[5], 2000
  • “al (V)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[6], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “al (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[7], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page I
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “al (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[8], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page II
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “al (IV)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[9], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page IV

Middle EnglishEdit

AdverbEdit

al

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. General Prologue:
      And smale foweles maken melodye,
      That slepen al the nyght with open eye-
      (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages);
      And many little birds make melody
      That sleep through all the night with open eye
      (So Nature pricks them on to ramp and rage)

DeterminerEdit

al

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge.
      And with this he was named, as I believe worthily, an excellent ruly and innocent man in all his living.

Northern KurdishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Noun 1Edit

al m

  1. side
    Synonyms: alî, la

Noun 2Edit

al f

  1. flag, banner
    Synonym: ala

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From ala (to foster, breed).

NounEdit

al n (definite singular alet, indefinite plural al, definite plural ala)

  1. nourishing, fostering
  2. a young (farm) animal that one has bred
  3. breeding

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

al

  1. imperative of ala

ReferencesEdit


OccitanEdit

ContractionEdit

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a lo (to the; at the).

Old DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *all. Cognates include Old High German al and Old Saxon al.

AdjectiveEdit

al

  1. all, every
    • 11th century, Hebban olla vogala:
      Hebban olla vogala nestas hagunnan
      All birds have started to build their nests
  2. whole, entire
    • 10th century, Wachtendonck Psalms:
      An allero erthon fuor luit.
      Over the entire world the sound spread.

InflectionEdit


AdverbEdit

al

  1. completely, wholly
    • ca. 1100, Leiden Willeram:
      Sin buch is elphondbeinin, al underskeithet mit saphiris.
      His stomach is of ivory, wholly decorated with sapphires.

ConjunctionEdit

al

  1. even though
    • ca. 1200, Rhinelandic Rhyming Bible:
      Ire beider sculde waren grozlich, al newæren sie nieht gelich.
      Both their debts were great, even though they weren't equal.

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Dutch: al
    • Dutch: al
      • Afrikaans: al
    • Limburgish: al

Further readingEdit

  • “al (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[10], 2012
  • “al (III)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[11], 2012
  • “al (IV)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[12], 2012

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ailą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éydʰ-lom, from *h₂eydʰ- (to burn, kindle).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

āl n

  1. fire

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus, “*ailida-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN, page 11

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ContractionEdit

al

  1. Contraction of a le (to the).

Old High GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-West Germanic *all.

AdjectiveEdit

al

  1. all
  2. every, each
  3. whole
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-West Germanic *āl, whence also Old English ǣl, Old Norse áll.

NounEdit

āl m

  1. eel
DescendantsEdit
  • Middle High German: āl

ReferencesEdit

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer

Old NorseEdit

NounEdit

al

  1. indefinite accusative/dative singular of alr

VerbEdit

al

  1. second-person singular active imperative of ala

Old SaxonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *allaz.

AdjectiveEdit

al

  1. all
DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit
  • Middle Low German: al, alle
    • German Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *ēlaz. Cognate with Old English ǣl, Dutch aal, Old High German āl (German Aal), Old Norse áll (Danish and Swedish ål).

NounEdit

āl m

  1. eel

Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse áll, from Proto-Germanic *ēlaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

āl m

  1. eel

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Aal.

NounEdit

al m anim

  1. (Upper Silesia) eel
    Synonym: węgorz

Further readingEdit

  • al in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese al, from Vulgar Latin *ale, from Latin aliud, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

al

  1. (obsolete) everything, the rest
    Synonym: o resto
  2. (obsolete) other, another
    Synonym: outro

Related termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin illum, from ille.

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

al

  1. of (masculine/neuter singular possessive article)
    el este un prieten al meuhe is a friend of mine.
    Coordinate terms: a (feminine singular), ai (masculine plural), ale (feminine/neuter plural)

See alsoEdit


Saterland FrisianEdit

AdverbEdit

al

  1. already

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

al

  1. Contraction of a el (at the, to the).

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish al, from Old Norse ǫlr (compare Icelandic elri, Danish el, Norwegian older), from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare English alder), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élisos.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

al c

  1. alder (tree)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of al 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative al alen alar alarna
Genitive als alens alars alarnas

AnagramsEdit


TatarEdit

AdjectiveEdit

al

  1. Latin spelling of ал (al)

TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish آل(al), from Proto-Turkic *āl, *Āl (red, crimson). Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (āl).

AdjectiveEdit

al (comparative daha al, superlative en al)

  1. dark red, blood red, crimson
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

al (definite accusative alı, plural allar)

  1. dark red, blood red, crimson
DeclensionEdit
Inflection
Nominative al
Definite accusative alı
Singular Plural
Nominative al allar
Definite accusative alı alları
Dative ala allara
Locative alda allarda
Ablative aldan allardan
Genitive alın alların
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular alım allarım
2nd singular alın alların
3rd singular alı alları
1st plural alımız allarımız
2nd plural alınız allarınız
3rd plural alları alları
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular alımı allarımı
2nd singular alını allarını
3rd singular alını allarını
1st plural alımızı allarımızı
2nd plural alınızı allarınızı
3rd plural allarını allarını
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular alıma allarıma
2nd singular alına allarına
3rd singular alına allarına
1st plural alımıza allarımıza
2nd plural alınıza allarınıza
3rd plural allarına allarına
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular alımda allarımda
2nd singular alında allarında
3rd singular alında allarında
1st plural alımızda allarımızda
2nd plural alınızda allarınızda
3rd plural allarında allarında
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular alımdan allarımdan
2nd singular alından allarından
3rd singular alından allarından
1st plural alımızdan allarımızdan
2nd plural alınızdan allarınızdan
3rd plural allarından allarından
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular alımın allarımın
2nd singular alının allarının
3rd singular alının allarının
1st plural alımızın allarımızın
2nd plural alınızın allarınızın
3rd plural allarının allarının

DescendantsEdit

  • Mongolic:
    • Mongolian: ал (al)

See alsoEdit

Colors in Turkish · renkler (layout · text)
     beyaz, ak      gri, boz      siyah, kara
             kırmızı, kızıl; al              turuncu; kahverengi, boz              sarı; bej
             limon çürüğü              yeşil             
             camgöbeği; turkuaz              gök, mavi              lacivert
             eflatun; mor              pembe; mor              yavruağzı

ReferencesEdit

  • Tokat, Feyza, “On the Common Words in Mongolian and the Turkish Dialects in Turkey”, in The Journal of International Social Research (Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi)[13], volume 7, issue 32, 2014, ISSN 1307-9581, pages 185-198.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Turkic *Āl.

NounEdit

al

  1. (dated) trick, trap

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

al

  1. second-person imperative of almak
    Antonym: alma

VenetianEdit

PrepositionEdit

al

  1. to the
  2. at the

ArticleEdit

al m sg

  1. (Belluno) Alternative form of el

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Related to Finnish alla.

PostpositionEdit

al

  1. under, underneath (stationary location)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I., “под”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary]‎[14], Petrozavodsk: Periodika, 2007

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German all and English all.

AdjectiveEdit

al

  1. each
  2. every

WatubelaEdit

NounEdit

al

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


West FrisianEdit

DeterminerEdit

al

  1. all

InflectionEdit

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • “al”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[15] (in Dutch), 2011

AdverbEdit

al

  1. already

Further readingEdit

  • “al”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[16] (in Dutch), 2011