EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English erraunt, from Anglo-Norman erraunt, from Old French errant, from Latin errans (wandering). Doublet of arrant.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

errant (comparative more errant, superlative most errant)

  1. Straying from the proper course or standard, or outside established limits.
    • 1669, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica[1], page 244:
      In that there are just seven Planets or errant Stars in the lower Orbs of heaven: but it is now demonstrable unto sense, that there are many more
  2. Wandering; roving around.
  3. Prone to making errors; misbehaved.
    We ran down the street in pursuit of the errant dog.
  4. (proscribed) Utter, complete (negative); arrant.
    • 1692 [1603], Ben Jonson, Catiline His Conspiracy[2], page 243:
      Thy company, if I slept not very well / A nights, would make me an errant fool []

Usage notesEdit

Sometimes arrant (utter, complete) is considered simply an alternative spelling and pronunciation of errant, though most authorities distinguish them, reserving errant to mean “wandering” and using it after the noun it modifies, notably in “knight errant”, while using arrant to mean “utter”, in a negative sense, and before the noun it modifies, notably in “arrant knaves”.

Etymologically, arrant arose as a variant of errant, but the meanings have long since diverged. Both terms are primarily used in set phrases (which may be considered cliché) and, since they are easily confused, some authorities suggest against using either.

SynonymsEdit

  • (utter, complete): arrant (generally distinguished; see usage)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

errant (plural errants)

  1. A knight-errant.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French errant, from Latin errāns, errāntem.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /e.ʁɑ̃/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

errant

  1. present participle of errer

AdjectiveEdit

errant (feminine singular errante, masculine plural errants, feminine plural errantes)

  1. wandering, stray
  2. errant (clarification of this definition is needed)

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

errant

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of errō

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Present participle of errer (to wander), from Latin iterō (I travel; I voyage) rather than from errō, which is the ancestor of the other etymology of error (to err; to make an error).

AdjectiveEdit

errant m (oblique and nominative feminine singular errant or errante)

  1. wandering; nomadic
    • 12th century CE, Thomas de Kent, 'Roman de toute chevalerie' [Roman of all chivalry], translation of Alexander romance; republished as B. Foster, with the assistance of I. Short, editor, 'The Anglo-Norman 'Alexander'​', London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1976, ANTS 29-31 (1976), and 32-33 (1977):
      si est un pople qe n’est mie erranz; Ja n'istra de son regne
      If it's a people that is not nomadic, it will never leave his kingdom

DescendantsEdit

  • English: errant
  • French: errant