Last modified on 8 January 2015, at 16:41

errant

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Anglo-Norman erraunt, from Old French errant, from Latin errans (wandering).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

errant (comparative more errant, superlative most errant)

  1. Straying from the proper course or standard, or outside established limits.
    • Sir Thomas Browne
      seven planets or errant stars in the lower orbs of heaven
  2. Prone to making errors.
  3. (proscribed) Utter, complete (negative); arrant.
    • Ben Jonson
      would make me an errant fool

Usage notesEdit

Sometimes arrant (utter, complete) is considered simply an alternative spelling and pronunciation of errant, though many authorities distinguish them, reserving errant to mean “wandering” and using it after the noun it modifies, notably is “knight errant”, while using arrant to mean “utter”, in a negative sense, and before the noun it modifies, notably in “arrant knaves”.

Etymologically, arrant arose as a variant of errant, but the meanings have long since diverged. Both terms are archaic, primarily used in set phrases (which may be considered cliché), and are easily confused, and on that basis some authorities suggest against using either.

SynonymsEdit

  • (utter, complete): arrant (generally distinguished; see usage)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

errant

  1. Present participle of errer.

AdjectiveEdit

errant m (feminine errante, masculine plural errants, feminine plural errantes)

  1. wandering
  2. errant (clarification of this French definition is being sought)

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

errant

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of errō

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin errāns.

AdjectiveEdit

errant

  1. wandering; nomadic
    • The Anglo-Norman ‘Alexander’ (‘Le Roman de Toute Chevalerie’) by Thomas of Kent, ed. B. Foster, with the assistance of I. Short, ANTS 29-31 (1976), and 32-33 (1977). Available via anglo-norman.net.
      si est un pople qe n’est mie erranz; Ja n’istra de son regne
      If it's a people that is not nomadic, it will never leave his kingdom