See also: Erro, erró, and errò

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

erro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of errar

Galician edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

erro m (plural erros)

  1. error

Italian edit

Verb edit

erro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of errare

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Italic *erzāō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ers-.

Verb edit

errō (present infinitive errāre, perfect active errāvī, supine errātum); first conjugation

  1. to wander, rove, stray, roam
    Synonyms: pererrō, pervagor, vagor, peragrō, discurrō, lūstrō, perlūstrō, pālor
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.31-32:
      arcēbat longē Latiō, multōsque per annōs
      errābant, āctī fātīs, maria omnia circum.
      [Juno] was keeping [the Trojans] far away from Latium, and through many years – driven by the Fates – they were wandering the seas all around.
      (The Trojans had been – and still were – wandering on their years-long odyssey to reach Latium in Italy. See: Latium.)
  2. to get lost, go astray
  3. to err, wander from the truth, to mistake
    Synonyms: dēlinquō, lābor, committō, offendō
  4. to hesitate, vacillate
    Synonyms: pendeō, dubitō, fluitō, vagor
    Antonym: cōnstō
Usage notes edit
  • Mostly intransitive and taking impersonal passive use.
  • Transitive use by Augustan poets and only in perfect passive participle meaning "wandered over or through".
Conjugation edit
   Conjugation of errō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present errō errās errat errāmus errātis errant
imperfect errābam errābās errābat errābāmus errābātis errābant
future errābō errābis errābit errābimus errābitis errābunt
perfect errāvī errāvistī,
errāstī1
errāvit,
errāt1
errāvimus,
errāmus1
errāvistis,
errāstis1
errāvērunt,
errāvēre,
errārunt1
pluperfect errāveram,
errāram1
errāverās,
errārās1
errāverat,
errārat1
errāverāmus,
errārāmus1
errāverātis,
errārātis1
errāverant,
errārant1
future perfect errāverō,
errārō1
errāveris,
errāris1
errāverit,
errārit1
errāverimus,
errārimus1
errāveritis,
errāritis1
errāverint,
errārint1
passive present error errāris,
errāre
errātur errāmur errāminī errantur
imperfect errābar errābāris,
errābāre
errābātur errābāmur errābāminī errābantur
future errābor errāberis,
errābere
errābitur errābimur errābiminī errābuntur
perfect errātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect errātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect errātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present errem errēs erret errēmus errētis errent
imperfect errārem errārēs errāret errārēmus errārētis errārent
perfect errāverim,
errārim1
errāverīs,
errārīs1
errāverit,
errārit1
errāverīmus,
errārīmus1
errāverītis,
errārītis1
errāverint,
errārint1
pluperfect errāvissem,
errāssem1
errāvissēs,
errāssēs1
errāvisset,
errāsset1
errāvissēmus,
errāssēmus1
errāvissētis,
errāssētis1
errāvissent,
errāssent1
passive present errer errēris,
errēre
errētur errēmur errēminī errentur
imperfect errārer errārēris,
errārēre
errārētur errārēmur errārēminī errārentur
perfect errātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect errātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present errā errāte
future errātō errātō errātōte errantō
passive present errāre errāminī
future errātor errātor errantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives errāre errāvisse,
errāsse1
errātūrum esse errārī errātum esse errātum īrī
participles errāns errātūrus errātus errandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
errandī errandō errandum errandō errātum errātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Catalan: errar
  • Esperanto: erari
  • Galician: errar
  • Ido: erorar
  • Interlingua: errar
  • Italian: errare
  • Occitan: errar
  • Old French: errer
  • Portuguese: errar
  • Spanish: errar

Etymology 2 edit

From errō +‎ (noun-forming suffix).

Noun edit

errō m (genitive errōnis); third declension

  1. wanderer, vagabond, vagrant, rover, hobo, drifter, stray
Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative errō errōnēs
Genitive errōnis errōnum
Dative errōnī errōnibus
Accusative errōnem errōnēs
Ablative errōne errōnibus
Vocative errō errōnēs
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • erro”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • erro”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • erro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be in gross error, seriously misled: vehementer errare
    • to make a chronological mistake: temporibus errare (Phil. 2. 9. 23)
    • he has made several mistakes: saepe (crebro, multa) peccavit, erravit, lapsus est
    • (ambiguous) erroneous opinion: opinionis error
    • (ambiguous) a wide-spread error: error longe lateque diffusus

Old Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronoun edit

erro

  1. third-person plural accusative of ar

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese erro, from earlier error, borrowed from Latin errōrem.

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: er‧ro

Noun edit

erro m (plural erros)

  1. error
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:erro.

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: er‧ro

Verb edit

erro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of errar
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:errar.

Spanish edit

Verb edit

erro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of errar