See also: Erro, erró, and errò


Alternative formsEdit


erro m (plural erros)

  1. error




  1. first-person singular present indicative of errare




From Proto-Italic *erzāō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ers-.



errō (present infinitive errāre, perfect active errāvī, supine errātum); first conjugation

  1. I wander, rove
  2. I get lost, go astray
  3. I err, wander from the truth

Usage notesEdit

  • Mostly intransitive and taking impersonal passive use.
  • Transitive use by Augustan poets and only in perfect passive participle meaning "wandered over or through".


   Conjugation of errō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present errō errās errat errāmus errātis errant
imperfect errābam errābās errābat errābāmus errābātis errābant
future errābō errābis errābit errābimus errābitis errābunt
perfect errāvī errāvistī, errāstī1 errāvit errāvimus errāvistis, errāstis1 errāvērunt, errāvēre
pluperfect errāveram errāverās errāverat errāverāmus errāverātis errāverant
future perfect errāverō errāveris errāverit errāverimus errāveritis errāverint
passive present error errāris, errāre errātur errāmur errāminī errantur
imperfect errābar errābāris, errābāre errābātur errābāmur errābāminī errābantur
future errābor errāberis, errābere errābitur errābimur errābiminī errābuntur
perfect errātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect errātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect errātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present errem errēs erret errēmus errētis errent
imperfect errārem errārēs errāret errārēmus errārētis errārent
perfect errāverim errāverīs errāverit errāverīmus errāverītis errāverint
pluperfect errāvissem, errāssem1 errāvissēs, errāssēs1 errāvisset, errāsset1 errāvissēmus, errāssēmus1 errāvissētis, errāssētis1 errāvissent, errāssent1
passive present errer errēris, errēre errētur errēmur errēminī errentur
imperfect errārer errārēris, errārēre errārētur errārēmur errārēminī errārentur
perfect errātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect errātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present errā errāte
future errātō errātō errātōte errantō
passive present errāre errāminī
future errātor errātor errantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives errāre errāvisse, errāsse1 errātūrum esse errārī errātum esse errātum īrī
participles errāns errātūrus errātus errandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
errandī errandō errandum errandō errātum errātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Catalan: errar
  • Esperanto: erari
  • Galician: errar
  • Ido: erorar
  • Interlingua: errar
  • Italian: errare
  • Occitan: errar
  • Old French: errer
  • Portuguese: errar
  • Spanish: errar


errō m (genitive errōnis); third declension

  1. wanderer, vagabond, vagrant, rover, hobo, drifter, stray


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative errō errōnēs
Genitive errōnis errōnum
Dative errōnī errōnibus
Accusative errōnem errōnēs
Ablative errōne errōnibus
Vocative errō errōnēs


  • erro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • erro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • erro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be in gross error, seriously misled: vehementer errare
    • to make a chronological mistake: temporibus errare (Phil. 2. 9. 23)
    • he has made several mistakes: saepe (crebro, multa) peccavit, erravit, lapsus est
    • (ambiguous) erroneous opinion: opinionis error
    • (ambiguous) a wide-spread error: error longe lateque diffusus

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit



  1. third-person plural accusative of ar


Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese erro, from earlier error, from Latin error.



erro m (plural erros)

  1. error

For quotations using this term, see Citations:erro.

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.




  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of errar


For quotations using this term, see Citations:errar.




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of errar.