- 1 English
- 2 Catalan
- 3 French
- 4 Norman
- 5 Old French
- 6 Swedish
- 7 Volapük
fils (not comparable)
- Used after a proper name that is common to a father and his son to indicate that the son is being referred to rather than the father.
- Current usage of differentiating fathers and sons is borrowed from French; hence this term follows the name as it does in French grammar.
fils (plural fils)
- (rare) The son referred to in the manner of the adjective above.
fils (plural fulus)
- (numismatics) Subdivision of currency used in many Arab countries.
From Old French fils, fiz, fil, from Latin filius (“son”), from Old Latin fīlios, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁y-li-os (“sucker”), a derivation from the verbal root *dʰeh₁(y)- (“to suck”). Cognate to Portuguese filho, Spanish hijo, and Italian figlio, among others.
Final -s regularly became mute before consonants in late Old French but was then still pronounced in pausa. In the 18th century, these pausal forms widely fell out of use; they remained, however, as variants in a small number of words (cf. tous, ours). By the 20th century, the regular pronunciation /fi/ had become archaic or dialectal.
- IPA(key): /fis/
audio (un fils) (file)
- (Quebec) IPA(key): /fɪs/
- Rhymes: -is
- (archaic) IPA(key): /fi/
- Homophones: fisse, fissent, fisses
fils m (plural fils)
- any male descendant
- any direct descendant, male or female
- Jr. (postnomial designator indicating a son with the same name as the father)
- darling, dear (term of affection for a male beloved)
See the etymology of the main entry.
fils m pl
- plural of
- “fils” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- fis (Jersey)
- (boy): garçaon