See also: -fil, Fil-, fil., fiľ, fíl, and fîl

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Of North Germanic origin, from Swedish fil. Also related to Finnish viili.

NounEdit

fil (uncountable)

  1. A Nordic dairy product, similar to yogurt, but using different bacteria which give a different taste and texture.

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic فیل

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Arabic فِيل(fīl).

NounEdit

fil (definite accusative fili, plural fillər)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Azerbaijani · şahmat fiquru (layout · text)
           
şah vəzir top fil at piyada

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
  2. (Internet) discussion thread
    Synonym: tema

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fīlum.

NounEdit

fil m

  1. thread, yarn, string

Related termsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German vīle, from Old Saxon fila, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite file)

  1. file (tool)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English file (an aggregation of data) (1962).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite filer)

  1. file (computer terminology)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See file.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fil

  1. imperative of file

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French fil, from Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (plural fils)

  1. yarn, thread, wire
    ne tenir qu'à un fil
    to hang by a thread
  2. grain (of wood etc.)
  3. edge (of blade, razor etc.)

DescendantsEdit

  • English: file (collection of papers) (see there for further descendants)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

fil m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of filo

Judeo-TatEdit

Other scripts
Latin fil
Cyrillic фил (fil)
Hebrew פאִל(fil)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil

  1. elephant

MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic فِيل(fīl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (plural fjiel)

  1. (archaic) elephant
    Synonym: iljunfant

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil f or m (definite singular fila or filen, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. A file.
  2. A hand tool used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  3. A section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Swedish, from Old French. In the sense of a "computer file" it is borrowed from English file. Both the English and Swedish origins ultimately derive from Latin filum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil f (definite singular fila, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. (computing) a file
  2. (driving) a lane

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Middle Low German

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil f (definite singular fila, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. a file (a hand tool)

Etymology 3Edit

Possibly shortened from Danish pamfilius. However, it might also be a native clipping of pamfil.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil f (definite singular fila, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. (card games) knave (esp. of clubs)

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

fil

  1. imperative of file

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “fil_1” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

AnagramsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin fīlium, accusative singular of fīlius. The nominative form fiz, fils (whence modern French fils), derives from the Latin nominative.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (oblique plural fiz or filz, nominative singular fiz or filz, nominative plural fil)

  1. son (male child)
DescendantsEdit
  • Bourguignon: fi
  • Walloon: fi

See filz for descendants from the nominative singular inflection.

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin fīlum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (oblique plural fis, nominative singular fis, nominative plural fil)

  1. thread (fine strand of material)
DescendantsEdit

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *wele (see!), the imperative of Proto-Celtic *weleti (see), from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (see), compare Welsh gweled (to see). Semantic development from "see!" to "there is" is parallel to that of French voici, from vois ci (see here) and voilà, from vois là (see there).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

·fil

  1. present progressive conjunct of at·tá
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 19c20
      Má nudub·feil i n‑ellug coirp Críst, adib cland Abrache amal ṡodin, et it sib ata chomarpi Abracham.
      If you pl are in the union of the body of Christ, you are Abraham’s children in that case, and it is you who are Abraham’s heirs.

fil

  1. third-person singular present progressive relative of at·tá
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 114b18
      nád fil nech con·gné fris ón acht Día
      that there is no one to help him but God

Usage notesEdit

In the conjunct form, the logical subject appears in the accusative (or as an infixed object pronoun) in the oldest language. Examples:

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fil ḟil fil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • phil (alternative spelling)

EtymologyEdit

Apocopic form of filo or fillo. Perhaps influenced by forms akin to Old Occitan fil.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (plural filos or fillos)

  1. Apocopic form of filo, son, child
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 14v.
      Entra a pharaon q́ ẏo engrauiare so coraçó. de los sieruos del criador. Por poner eſtas mis ſénales. ¬ cuétalo deláte tos fiios al fil de tos fijos. Todo lo q́ fiz en egipto en tus ſénales q́ pus en ellos e ſabredes q́ ẏo so el ſénor.
      “Go to Pharaoh, for I will harden his heart toward the servants of the Creator, that I may perform these My signs. And recount before your children and the child of your children all that I did in Egypt through your signs that I put among them, and you will know that I am the Lord.”

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish فیل(fil) (modern Turkish fil), from Arabic فِيل(fīl), from Middle Persian pyl (pīl), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru). Akin to fìldiš.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fȉl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̏л) or fȋl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̑л)

  1. (regional) elephant

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • fil” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 283
  • fil”, in Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (in Serbo-Croatian), volume 6, Друго фототипско издање edition, Нови Сад, Загреб: Матица српска, Матица хрватска, 1967–1976, published 1990, page 668

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German vīle, from Old Saxon fila, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō. Cognate with English file and German Feile.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c

  1. a file (a tool)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filar filarna
Genitive fils filens filars filarnas
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “French file?”).

Row and lane (a row of vehicles) is one etymology, but as English file suggests computer file has a different etymology. However, the Swedish computer file is sometimes explained as a row of bytes, in attempt to shoehorn this new English loanword into the etymology of the existing word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c

  1. a row of objects; most commonly used about moving objects
  2. a section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane
  3. file (in computer technology)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filer filerna
Genitive fils filens filers filernas
Related termsEdit
row
lane
computer file

Etymology 3Edit

Related to Icelandic þél (fermented milk), from Old Norse þéttr (dense, tight).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c (uncountable)

  1. any product from a family of various (deliberately) soured milk products
  2. abbreviation for filmjölk; a particular kind of fil as above
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fil 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen
Genitive fils filens
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English field.

NounEdit

fil

  1. sportsfield

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish فیل(fil), from Arabic فِيل(fīl), from Persian پیل(pīl) (and from alternate Ottoman Turkish پیل(pil), directly from Persian پیل(pīl)), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru), related to Egyptian ꜣbw (root of English elephant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil (definite accusative fili, plural filler)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative fil
Definite accusative fili
Singular Plural
Nominative fil filler
Definite accusative fili filleri
Dative file fillere
Locative filde fillerde
Ablative filden fillerden
Genitive filin fillerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular filim fillerim
2nd singular filin fillerin
3rd singular fili filleri
1st plural filimiz fillerimiz
2nd plural filiniz filleriniz
3rd plural filleri filleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular filimi fillerimi
2nd singular filini fillerini
3rd singular filini fillerini
1st plural filimizi fillerimizi
2nd plural filinizi fillerinizi
3rd plural fillerini fillerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular filime fillerime
2nd singular filine fillerine
3rd singular filine fillerine
1st plural filimize fillerimize
2nd plural filinize fillerinize
3rd plural fillerine fillerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular filimde fillerimde
2nd singular filinde fillerinde
3rd singular filinde fillerinde
1st plural filimizde fillerimizde
2nd plural filinizde fillerinizde
3rd plural fillerinde fillerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular filimden fillerimden
2nd singular filinden fillerinden
3rd singular filinden fillerinden
1st plural filimizden fillerimizden
2nd plural filinizden fillerinizden
3rd plural fillerinden fillerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular filimin fillerimin
2nd singular filinin fillerinin
3rd singular filinin fillerinin
1st plural filimizin fillerimizin
2nd plural filinizin fillerinizin
3rd plural fillerinin fillerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular filim fillerim
2nd singular filsin fillersin
3rd singular fil
fildir
filler
fillerdir
1st plural filiz filleriz
2nd plural filsiniz fillersiniz
3rd plural filler fillerdir

UzbekEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

NounEdit

fil (plural fillar)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

DeclensionEdit


VolapükEdit

NounEdit

fil (nominative plural fils)

  1. fire

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil

  1. soft mutation of mil

WestrobothnianEdit

NounEdit

fil

  1. Snivel.

Related termsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Icelandic þél (thickened milk.) Related to tjett (dense.)

NounEdit

fil

  1. A kind of fermented and soured milk.

DeclensionEdit