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See also: fîl, fiľ, fil., -fil, and Fil-

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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Wikipedia

NounEdit

fil (uncountable)

  1. A Nordic dairy product, similar to yoghurt, but using different bacteria which give a different taste and texture.

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic فیل

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Arabic فِيل (fīl).

NounEdit

fil (definite accusative fili, plural fillər)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Azerbaijani · şahmat fiquru (layout · text)
           
şah vəzir top fil at piyada

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
  2. (Internet) discussion thread

SynonymsEdit

  • (discussion thread): tema

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fīlum.

NounEdit

fil m

  1. thread, yarn, string

Related termsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German vīle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite file)

  1. file (tool)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from English file (an aggregation of data) (1962).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite filer)

  1. file (computer terminology)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See file.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fil

  1. imperative of file

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French fil, from Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
    ne tenir qu'à un fil - to hang by a thread
  2. grain (of wood etc.)
  3. edge (of blade, razor etc.)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


InterlingueEdit

NounEdit

fil (plural files)

  1. thread
  2. wire

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

fil m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of filo

Judeo-TatEdit

Other scripts
Latin fil
Cyrillic фил (fil)
Hebrew פאִל (fil)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil

  1. elephant

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

fil

  1. rafsi of frili.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil f, m (definite singular fila or filen, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. A file.
  2. A hand tool used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  3. A section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane.

Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin fīlium, accusative singular of fīlius. The nominative form fiz, fils (whence modern French fils), derives from the Latin nominative.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (oblique plural fiz or filz, nominative singular fiz or filz, nominative plural fil)

  1. son (male child)
DescendantsEdit
  • English: Fitz (from the nominative fiz)
  • French: fils (from the nominative "fiz", later "fils")

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin fīlum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil m (oblique plural fis, nominative singular fis, nominative plural fil)

  1. thread (fine strand of material)
DescendantsEdit

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the imperative of Proto-Celtic *wel- (see) (compare Welsh gweled). Semantic development from "see!" to "there is" is parallel to that of French voici, from vois ci "see here" and voilà, from vois là "see there".

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

·fil (conjunct), fil (relative)

  1. present progressive conjunct of at·tá
  2. third-person singular present progressive relative of at·tá

Usage notesEdit

In the conjunct form, the logical subject appears in the accusative (or as an infixed object pronoun) in the oldest language. Examples: nícon·ḟil nach rainn (there is no part), nín·fil (we are not), condib·feil (so that you pl are).

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fil ḟil fil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish فیل (fil) (modern Turkish fil), from Arabic فِيل (fīl), from Middle Persian pyl (pīl), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru). Akin to fìldiš.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fȉl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̏л) or fȋl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̑л)

  1. (regional) elephant

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • fil” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Abdulah Škaljić (1966), Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Svjetlost: Sarajevo, page 283
  • Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (1990, Друго фототипско издање), Матица српска, Matica hrvatska (Нови Сад, Zagreb), volume 6, page 668

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German vīle. Cognate with English file and German Feile.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c

  1. a file (a tool)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filar filarna
Genitive fils filens filars filarnas
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “French file?”

.

Row and lane (a row of vehicles) is one etymology, but as English file suggests computer file has a different etymology. However, the Swedish computer file is sometimes explained as a row of bytes, in attempt to shoehorn this new English loanword into the etymology of the existing word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c

  1. a row of objects; most commonly used about moving objects
  2. a section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane
  3. file (in computer technology)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filer filerna
Genitive fils filens filers filernas
Related termsEdit
row
lane
computer file

Etymology 3Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil c (uncountable)

  1. any product from a family of various (deliberately) soured milk products
  2. abbreviation for filmjölk; a particular kind of fil as above
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English field.

NounEdit

fil

  1. sportsfield

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish فیل (fil), from Arabic فِيل (fīl), from Persian پیل (pīl) (and from alternate Ottoman Turkish پیل (pil), directly from Persian پیل (pīl)), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru), related to Egyptian ꜣbw (root of English elephant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fil (definite accusative fili, plural filler)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative fil
Definite accusative fili
Singular Plural
Nominative fil filler
Definite accusative fili filleri
Dative file fillere
Locative filde fillerde
Ablative filden fillerden
Genitive filin fillerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular filim fillerim
2nd singular filin fillerin
3rd singular fili filleri
1st plural filimiz fillerimiz
2nd plural filiniz filleriniz
3rd plural filleri filleri
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular filim fillerim
2nd singular filsin fillersin
3rd singular fil
fildir
filler
fillerdir
1st plural filiz filleriz
2nd plural filsiniz fillersiniz
3rd plural filler fillerdir

UzbekEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

NounEdit

fil (plural fillar)

  1. elephant

DeclensionEdit


VolapükEdit

NounEdit

fil (plural fils)

  1. fire

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

NounEdit

fil

  1. soft mutation of mil