gomila

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

By metathesis from mogila, from Proto-Slavic *mogyla (sepulchral cairn).

Cognates include Russian могила (mogila), Czech mohyla, Polish mogiła, and Lithuanian mogila. Possible cognates include Romanian movilă, moghilă, măgură, and măgulă, Aromanian mãgulã, and Albanian gamulë and magulë.

An alternative proposed etymology derives gomila from a hypothesized Proto-Slavic *gomyla/*gomula/*gomolь/*gomola (lump, pile).

Alternative formsEdit

  • (11th century):
    • gomilia
  • (14th century):
    • mogila
  • (18th century):
    • gomulja
    • gromila

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡǒmila/
  • Hyphenation: go‧mi‧la

NounEdit

gòmila f (Cyrillic spelling го̀мила)

  1. (archaic) heap of stones [From XI century.]
  2. (obsolete) (by semantic narrowing) heap of stones used as a marker to delineate the borders of a medieval estate
  3. (obsolete) (by semantic widening) hill
  4. (archaeology) tumulus, barrow, sepulchral cairn
  5. (archaic) ruins of a house or city razed so that no stone is left atop any other
  6. (archaic) (Dubrovnik) (by metaphor) place containing ruins of houses destroyed by earthquake
  7. (archaic) (Dubrovnik) (by metonymy) refuse thrown into the ruins of earthquake-destroyed houses
  8. (archaic) (by metonymy) stones thrown at one who is being stoned
  9. (archaic) wall of stone built without mortar or lime, especially one by the seashore [From XIV century.]
  10. (by semantic widening from original sense) pile, heap, any disordered multitude of collected inanimate objects, especially formerly animate objects
  11. (by metaphor) crowd, mob, throng, host, any disordered collection of living things [From XVIII century.]
  12. (by metaphor) multitude of abstract things [From XIX century.]
  13. (Dalmatian coast) place where garbage or dung is collected, dungyard, dunghill [From XIX century.]
  14. (Dalmatian coast) curse used for lazy relatives [From XIX century.]
  15. the people, the popular mass as a whole [From XX century.]

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 19:54