EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late 19th c., plural of Latin granum (grain). Doublet of gram, grain, and corn.

NounEdit

granum (plural grana)

  1. (biology) A stack-like structure in plant chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll; the site of photosynthesis.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm. Cognates include Albanian grurë,[1] Old Irish grán, Breton greun, Old Church Slavonic зрьно (zrĭno), Latvian žìrnis (pea), Persian خرمن(xarman, grain) and Old English corn (grain) (English corn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grānum n (genitive grānī); second declension

  1. a grain, seed or small kernel

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative grānum grāna
Genitive grānī grānōrum
Dative grānō grānīs
Accusative grānum grāna
Ablative grānō grānīs
Vocative grānum grāna

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: grãn
  • Asturian: m, f (from neuter plural)
  • Basque: garau
  • Catalan: gra
  • Dalmatian: grun
  • Dutch: graan
  • Old French: grain, grein

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ An Albanian Historical Grammar, Suart E. Mann, Buske, 1977, p.55