grian

See also: grían

Contents

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish grían ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreynā, from *gʰer- ‎(to shine, glow; grey).

an ghrian

NounEdit

grian f ‎(genitive singular gréine, nominative plural grianta)

  1. (the) sun
    1. sunshine
    2. (figuratively) paragon
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

grian ‎(present analytic grianann, future analytic grianfaidh, verbal noun grianadh, past participle grianta)

  1. (transitive) sun
  2. (transitive, photography) solarize
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish grian (see below).

NounEdit

grian m ‎(genitive singular griain)

  1. Alternative form of grean ‎(gravel, grit; coarse sand)
  2. (of sea, lake, river) bottom
  3. earth, ground, land
  4. surface

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External linksEdit

  • "grian" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • grian” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish grían, from Proto-Indo-European *ghreinā, from Proto-Indo-European *gher- ‎(to shine, glow; grey).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɡriːn], [ɡriᵈn]

NounEdit

grian f ‎(genitive singular greiney, plural grianyn)

  1. sun
    Plaasyn prinsoil glistral myr whilleen grian.‎ ― Princely palaces shining like so many suns.
    Ta'n ghrian yial er chooilleen e jurnaa.‎ ― The bright sun has finished her journey.
  2. sunlight
  3. sunshine

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grian ghrian ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old IrishEdit

NounEdit

grian ? ‎(o-stem)

  1. gravel
  2. sand
  3. bottom (of river)
  4. floor (of sea)

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
grian grian
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • grian” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish grían, from Proto-Indo-European *ghreinā, from *gher- ‎(to shine, glow; grey).

NounEdit

grian f ‎(genitive singular grèine, plural grianan)

  1. sun

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
grian ghrian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • grían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
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