See also: Floor

English edit

A mosaic floor

Etymology edit

From Middle English flor, flore, from Old English flōr (floor, pavement, ground, bottom), from Proto-West Germanic *flōr, from Proto-Germanic *flōraz (flat surface, floor, plain), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂ros (floor), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (flat).

Cognate with Scots flure, fluir (floor), Saterland Frisian Floor (floor), West Frisian flier (floor), Dutch vloer (floor), German Low German Floor (entry hall), German Flur (field, floor, entrance hall), Swedish flor (floor of a cow stall), Irish urlár (floor), Scottish Gaelic làr (floor, ground, earth), Welsh llawr (floor, ground), Latin plānus (level, flat).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

floor (plural floors)

  1. The interior bottom or surface of a house or building; the supporting surface of a room.
    The room has a wooden floor.
  2. (geology, biology, chiefly with a modifier) The bottom surface of a natural structure, entity, or space (e.g. cave, forest, ocean, desert, etc.); the ground (surface of the Earth).
    The leaves covering the forest floor provide many hiding-places for small animals.
    Many sunken ships rest on the ocean floor.
    The floor of a cave served the refugees as a home.
    The pit floor showed where a ring of post holes had been.
  3. (UK, dialectal, colloquial) The ground.
    After stepping off the bus, my wallet fell on the floor.
  4. (construction, architecture) A structure formed of beams, girders, etc, with proper covering, which divides a building horizontally into storeys/stories.
  5. The supporting surface or platform of a structure such as a bridge.
    Wooden planks of the old bridge's floor were nearly rotten.
  6. (architecture) A storey/story of a building.
    For years we lived on the third floor.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, →OCLC:
      When Timothy and Julia hurried up the staircase to the bedroom floor, where a considerable commotion was taking place, Tim took Barry Leach with him. He had him gripped firmly by the arm, since he felt it was not safe to let him loose, and he had no immediate idea what to do with him.
  7. In a parliament, the part of the house assigned to the members, as opposed to the viewing gallery.
  8. (by extension) The right to speak at a given time during a debate or other public event.
    Will the senator from Arizona yield the floor?
    The mayor often gives a lobbyist the floor.
  9. (nautical) That part of the bottom of a vessel on each side of the keelson which is most nearly horizontal.
  10. (mining) A horizontal, flat ore body; the rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit.
  11. (mining) The bottom of a pit, pothole or mine.[1]
  12. (mathematics) The largest integer less than or equal to a given number.
    The floor of 4.5 is 4.
  13. (gymnastics) An event performed on a floor-like carpeted surface; floor exercise
  14. (gymnastics) A floor-like carpeted surface for performing gymnastic movements.
  15. (finance) A lower limit on the interest rate payable on an otherwise variable-rate loan, used by lenders to defend against falls in interest rates. Opposite of a cap.
  16. A dance floor.
    • 1983, "Maniac", Michael Sembello and Dennis Matkosky:
      She's a maniac, maniac on the floor / And she's dancing like she never danced before
    • 1987, "Walk the Dinosaur", Was (Not Was):
      Open the door, get on the floor / Everybody walk the dinosaur
  17. The trading floor of a stock exchange, pit; the area in which business is conducted at a convention or exhibition.
  18. The area of a casino where gambling occurs.
    • 2004, Tim Hatton, Tock Tock Birds: A Spider in the Web of International Terrorism[1], page 284:
      At each table stood a young, slim, poker-faced croupier serving the punters who anxiously watched the turning of the cards. The next two floors were similar though not quite as spectacular and the stakes were lower.
  19. The area of an establishment where food and drink are served to customers.
    • 1947 March 18, U.S. Government Printing Office, Proceedings and Debates of the Congress, Eightieth Congress, First Session, page 2206:
      The conference started as an impromptu session in the coffee shop this morning when waitresses walked off the floor rather than serve four Negro men and women delegates.

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Verb edit

floor (third-person singular simple present floors, present participle flooring, simple past and past participle floored)

  1. (transitive) To cover or furnish with a floor.
    floor a house with pine boards
  2. To strike down or lay level with the floor; to knock down.
    • 1821, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, volume 8, page 67:
      Sam floored him perpetually, and beat his face to a jelly, without getting a scratch.
  3. (informal, dated) To hang (a picture on exhibition) near the base of a wall, where it cannot easily be seen.
    Antonym: sky
  4. (driving, transitive, slang) To push (a pedal) down to the floor, especially to accelerate.
    our driver floored the pedal
  5. (informal, transitive) To silence by a conclusive answer or retort.
    floor an opponent
  6. (informal, transitive) To amaze or greatly surprise.
    We were floored by his confession.
    • 2021 June 3, Katherine Eban, “The Lab-Leak Theory: Inside the Fight to Uncover COVID-19’s Origins”, in Vanity Fair[2]:
      Some of the attendees were “absolutely floored,” said an official familiar with the proceedings. That someone in the U.S. government could “make an argument that is so nakedly against transparency, in light of the unfolding catastrophe, was…shocking and disturbing.”
  7. (colloquial, transitive) To finish or make an end of.
    floor a college examination
  8. (mathematics) To set a lower bound.
    floored division

Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ Rossiter W[orthington] Raymond (1881), “Floor”, in A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms. [], Easton, Pa.: [American] Institute [of Mining Engineers], [], →OCLC.

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Anagrams edit

Middle English edit

Noun edit


  1. Alternative form of flor