From Middle English flor, flore, from Old English flōr (“floor, pavement, ground, bottom”), from Proto-Germanic *flōrō, *flōrô, *flōraz (“flat surface, floor, plain”), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂ros (“floor”), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (“flat”).
Cognate with West Frisian flier (“floor”), Dutch vloer (“floor”), German Flur (“field, floor, entrance hall”), Swedish flor (“floor of a cow stall”), Irish urlár (“floor”), Scottish Gaelic làr (“floor, ground, earth”), Welsh llawr (“floor, ground”), Latin plānus (“level, flat”).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: flô, IPA(key): /flɔː/
- (General American) enPR: flôr, IPA(key): /floɹ/, [flo̞ɹ]
- (rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) enPR: flōr, IPA(key): /flo(ː)ɹ/
- (non-rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /floə/
- (non-rhotic, dough-door merger, AAVE) IPA(key): /floʊ/
Audio (UK) (file) Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)
- Homophone: flaw (in non-rhotic accents with the caught-court merger (most of England, Australia, New Zealand, New York))
- Homophones: flow, floe (non-rhotic with dough-door merger (AAVE, non-rhotic Southern US))
floor (plural floors)
- The interior bottom or surface of a house or building; the supporting surface of a room.
- The room has a wooden floor.
- 1913, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter I, in The Lodger, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., […], , OCLC 2666860, page 0016:
- A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; as, again, the arm-chair in which Bunting now sat forward, staring into the dull, small fire.
- (proscribed) Ground (surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground).
- The lower inside surface of a hollow space.
- Many sunken ships rest on the ocean floor.
- The floor of a cave served the refugees as a home.
- The pit floor showed where a ring of post holes had been.
- A structure formed of beams, girders, etc, with proper covering, which divides a building horizontally into storeys/stories.
- The supporting surface or platform of a structure such as a bridge.
- Wooden planks of the old bridge's floor were nearly rotten.
- A storey/story of a building.
- For years we lived on the third floor.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, in The China Governess:
- When Timothy and Julia hurried up the staircase to the bedroom floor, where a considerable commotion was taking place, Tim took Barry Leach with him. He had him gripped firmly by the arm, since he felt it was not safe to let him loose, and he had no immediate idea what to do with him.
- In a parliament, the part of the house assigned to the members, as opposed to the viewing gallery.
- Hence, the right to speak at a given time during a debate or other public event.
- Will the senator from Arizona yield the floor?
- The mayor often gives a lobbyist the floor.
- (nautical) That part of the bottom of a vessel on each side of the keelson which is most nearly horizontal.
- (mining) A horizontal, flat ore body; the rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit.
- (mining) The bottom of a pit, pothole or mine.
- (mathematics) The largest integer less than or equal to a given number.
- The floor of 4.5 is 4.
- (gymnastics) An event performed on a floor-like carpeted surface; floor exercise
- (gymnastics) A floor-like carpeted surface for performing gymnastic movements.
- (finance) A lower limit on the interest rate payable on an otherwise variable-rate loan, used by lenders to defend against falls in interest rates. Opposite of a cap.
- A dance floor.
- The trading floor of a stock exchange, pit; the area in which business is conducted at a convention or exhibition.
- The area of a casino where gambling occurs.
- 2004, Tim Hatton, Tock Tock Birds: A Spider in the Web of International Terrorism, page 284:
- At each table stood a young, slim, poker-faced croupier serving the punters who anxiously watched the turning of the cards. The next two floors were similar though not quite as spectacular and the stakes were lower.
- The area of an establishment where food and drink are served to customers.
- 1947 March 18, U.S Government Printing Office, Proceedings and Debates of the Congress, Eightieth Congress, First Session, page 2206:
- The conference started as an impromptu session in the coffee shop this morning when waitresses walked off the floor rather than serve four Negro men and women delegates.
- back to the floor
- cross the floor
- dance floor
- deck floor
- drill floor
- earth floor
- first floor
- floor box
- floor broker
- floor cloth
- floor cramp
- floor exercise
- floor function
- floor general
- floor heating
- floor hockey
- floor it
- floor lamp
- floor light
- floor manager
- floor model
- floor piano
- floor plan
- floor plan lending
- floor puzzle
- floor show, floorshow
- floorspace, floor space
- floor tile
- floor trader
- four on the floor
- give the floor
- ground floor
- have the floor
- house floor
- killing floor
- malt floor
- Marley floor
- mezzanine floor
- mop the floor with someone
- nightingale floor
- ocean floor
- office floor plate
- on the cutting room floor
- on the floor
- open floor plan
- pelvic floor
- pick oneself up off the floor
- price floor
- pull up a floor
- rooted to the floor
- sales floor
- sea-floor spreading
- second floor
- shop floor
- sweep the floor with somebody
- sweep the floor with someone
- take the floor
- tear up the dance floor
- the floor is lava
- thirteenth floor
- thrashing floor
- threshing floor
- through the floor
- top floor
- trading floor
- valley floor
- walk the floor
- wipe the floor
- (transitive) To cover or furnish with a floor.
- floor a house with pine boards
- To strike down or lay level with the floor; to knock down.
- 1821, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (volume 8, page 67)
- Sam floored him perpetually, and beat his face to a jelly, without getting a scratch.
- 1821, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (volume 8, page 67)
- (informal, dated) To hang (a picture on exhibition) near the base of a wall, where it cannot easily be seen.
- Antonym: sky
- (driving, transitive, slang) To push (a pedal) down to the floor, especially to accelerate.
- our driver floored the pedal
- (informal, transitive) To silence by a conclusive answer or retort.
- floor an opponent
- (informal, transitive) To amaze or greatly surprise.
- We were floored by his confession.
- 2021 June 3, Katherine Eban, “The Lab-Leak Theory: Inside the Fight to Uncover COVID-19’s Origins”, in Vanity Fair:
- Some of the attendees were “absolutely floored,” said an official familiar with the proceedings. That someone in the U.S. government could “make an argument that is so nakedly against transparency, in light of the unfolding catastrophe, was…shocking and disturbing.”
- (colloquial, transitive) To finish or make an end of.
- floor a college examination
- (mathematics) To set a lower bound.
- floored division
- ^ 1881, Rossiter W. Raymond, A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms
- Floor (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Floor in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
- Alternative form of