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Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch grīpan, from Proto-Germanic *grīpaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gripen

  1. to grab
  2. to attack, to overwhelm
  3. to understand

InflectionEdit

Strong class 1
Infinitive gripen
3rd sg. past grêep
3rd pl. past grēpen
Past participle gegrēpen
Infinitive gripen
In genitive gripens
In dative gripene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular gripe grêep
2nd singular grijps, gripes grēeps, grēpes
3rd singular grijpt, gripet grêep
1st plural gripen grēpen
2nd plural grijpt, gripet grēept, grēpet
3rd plural gripen grēpen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular gripe grēpe
2nd singular grijps, gripes grēpes
3rd singular gripe grēpe
1st plural gripen grēpen
2nd plural grijpt, gripet grēpet
3rd plural gripen grēpen
Imperative Present
Singular grijp, gripe
Plural grijpt, gripet
Present Past
Participle gripende gegrēpen

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gripen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • gripen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English grīpan, from Proto-Germanic *grīpaną. Cognates include Middle Dutch gripen, Old Swedish grīpa, Middle High German grifen and Middle Low German grîpen.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gripen

  1. To grip or grab onto (and often to take away)
  2. To confiscate or steal; to take forcibly.
  3. To have or make material gains come into one's possession.
  4. To find out about; to acquire knowledge or information about.
  5. To torment or injure; to cause fear or sorrow.
Usage notesEdit

This verb tends to be supplanted by grippen later in the Middle English period.

ConjugationEdit
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From gripe (grip) +‎ -en.

NounEdit

gripen

  1. plural of gripe (grip)

Etymology 3Edit

From Old English grippan.

NounEdit

gripen

  1. Alternative form of grippen

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

gripen

  1. masculine and feminine past participle of gripa and gripe

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

gripen

  1. definite singular of grip

VerbEdit

gripen

  1. past participle of gripa.