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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English gripen, from Old English grīpan, from Proto-Germanic *grīpaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreyb- (to grab, grasp). Cognate with West Frisian gripe, Low German griepen, Dutch grijpen, German greifen, Danish gribe, Swedish gripa. See also grip, grope.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gripe (third-person singular simple present gripes, present participle griping, simple past griped or (obsolete) grope, past participle griped or (obsolete) gripen)

  1. (intransitive, informal) To complain; to whine.
    • 2012 April 29, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Treehouse of Horror III” (season 4, episode 5; originally aired 10/29/1992)”, in AV Club[1]:
      In “Treehouse Of Horror” episodes, the rules aren’t just different—they don’t even exist. If writers want Homer to kill Flanders or for a segment to end with a marriage between a woman and a giant ape, they can do so without worrying about continuity or consistency or fans griping that the gang is behaving out of character.
  2. (nautical) To tend to come up into the wind, as a ship which, when sailing close-hauled, requires constant labour at the helm.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of R. H. Dana, Jr to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To pinch; to distress. Specifically, to cause pinching and spasmodic pain to the bowels of, as by the effects of certain purgative or indigestible substances.
    • Shakespeare
      How inly sorrow gripes his soul.
  4. (intransitive) To suffer griping pains.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of John Locke to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete, intransitive) To make a grab (to, towards, at or upon something).
  6. (archaic, transitive) To seize or grasp.
    • Robynson (More's Utopia)
      Wouldst thou gripe both gain and pleasure?
    • Dr. H. More
      Unclutch his griping hand.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

gripe (plural gripes)

  1. A complaint, often a petty or trivial one.
  2. (nautical) A wire rope, often used on davits and other life raft launching systems.
  3. (obsolete) grasp; clutch; grip
    • William Shakespeare
      A barren sceptre in my gripe.
    • Mary Shelley, The Mortal Immortal
      I started — I dropped the glass — the fluid flamed and glanced along the floor, while I felt Cornelius's gripe at my throat, as he shrieked aloud, "Wretch! you have destroyed the labour of my life!"
  4. (obsolete) That which is grasped; a handle; a grip.
    the gripe of a sword
  5. (engineering, dated) A device for grasping or holding anything; a brake to stop a wheel.
  6. (obsolete) Oppression; cruel exaction; affliction; pinching distress.
    the gripe of poverty
  7. (chiefly in the plural) Pinching and spasmodic pain in the intestines.
  8. (nautical) The piece of timber that terminates the keel at the fore end; the forefoot.
  9. (nautical) The compass or sharpness of a ship's stern under the water, having a tendency to make her keep a good wind.
  10. (nautical) An assemblage of ropes, dead-eyes, and hocks, fastened to ringbolts in the deck, to secure the boats when hoisted.
  11. (obsolete) A vulture, Gyps fulvus; the griffin.
    • Shakespeare
      Like a white hind under the gripe's sharp claws.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for gripe in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English grīpan.

VerbEdit

gripe

  1. Alternative form of gripen

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English gripe, from Proto-Germanic *gripiz.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrip(ə)/, /ˈɡreːp(ə)/

NounEdit

gripe (plural grippes or gripen)

  1. Gripping, taking, or grabbing; taking with one's hand.
  2. (rare) A small group or collection of things.
  3. (rare) An assailing; an offensive strike.
DescendantsEdit
  • English: grip
  • Scots: grip, grup
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Old French gripe, from Latin gryps, grȳphus, from Ancient Greek γρῡ́ψ (grū́ps).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrip(ə)/, /ˈɡriːp(ə)/

NounEdit

gripe (plural gripes)

  1. A griffin (mythological beast; also in heraldry).
  2. A vulture (compare modern English griffon vulture).
DescendantsEdit
  • English: grip (obsolete)
ReferencesEdit

North FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian gripa, which derives from Proto-Germanic *grīpaną.

VerbEdit

gripe

  1. (Mooring) to grab, seize

ConjugationEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse grípa (to grab), from Proto-Germanic *grīpaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreyb- (to grasp, grab). Cognate with Danish gribe, Swedish gripa, Icelandic grípa, English gripe, Dutch grijpen, German greifen.

VerbEdit

gripe (imperative grip, present tense griper, simple past grep or greip, past participle grepet, present participle gripende)

  1. to grab, grasp, grip
  2. to seize (grab, capture).
  3. to seize (take advantage of an opportunity).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gripe (present tense grip, past tense greip, past participle gripe, passive infinitive gripast, present participle gripande, imperative grip)

  1. Alternative form of gripa

Derived termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *gripiz. Cognate with Old High German grif- (German Griff), Old Norse gripr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gripe m (nominative plural gripe or gripas)

  1. grip, clutch, grasp
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

PronunciationEdit

Present forms:

Past forms:

VerbEdit

grīpe

  1. inflection of grīpan:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. singular present subjunctive

VerbEdit

gripe

  1. inflection of grīpan:
    1. second-person singular past indicative
    2. singular past subjunctive

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

gripe f (plural gripes)

  1. The flu, influenza.

VerbEdit

gripe

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of gripar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of gripar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of gripar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of gripar

SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French grippe, from gripper (to seize), of Germanic origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gripe f (plural gripes)

  1. (medicine) flu, influenza
    Synonym: influenza
    Tengo la gripe / Tengo gripe
    I have (the) flu.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian grīpa, from Proto-Germanic *grīpaną.

VerbEdit

gripe

  1. to grab, to grasp

InflectionEdit

Strong class 1
infinitive gripe
3rd singular past griep
past participle grepen
infinitive gripe
long infinitive gripen
gerund gripen n
indicative present tense past tense
1st singular gryp griep
2nd singular grypst griepst
3rd singular grypt griep
plural gripe griepen
imperative gryp
participles gripend grepen
Weak class 1
infinitive gripe
3rd singular past grypte
past participle grypt
infinitive gripe
long infinitive gripen
gerund gripen n
indicative present tense past tense
1st singular gryp grypte
2nd singular grypst gryptest
3rd singular grypt grypte
plural gripe grypten
imperative gryp
participles gripend grypt

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gripe (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011