Pennsylvania German edit

Verb edit


  1. to have

Usage notes edit

  • Also used as the primary auxiliary verb to form the past tense.

Conjugation edit

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian hebba, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. to have (possess, own)
  2. to have (auxiliary verb)

Inflection edit

infinitive hawwe
3rd singular past hie
past participle hân
infinitive hawwe
long infinitive hawwen
gerund hawwen n
auxiliary hawwe
indicative present tense past tense
1st singular ha hie
2nd singular hast hiest
3rd singular hat hie
plural hawwe hienen
imperative haw
participles hawwend, hawwende hân
  • (variant past-tense plural) hiene

Alternative forms edit

Further reading edit

  • hawwe”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011