DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch helpen, from Old Dutch helpan, from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦɛl.pə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hel‧pen
  • Rhymes: -ɛlpən

VerbEdit

helpen

  1. (transitive) to help
    Wie mag ik helpen?Whom may I help?
  2. (transitive) to provide, to supply [+ aan (with)]
    Bedankt dat je mij aan dat truitje hebt geholpen!Thanks for getting me that sweater!
  3. (transitive) to get hooked, to cause (someone) to be very keen (on), addicted or depended [+ aan (to)]
    Die vriendengroup had haar aan de drank geholpen.That circle of friends got her addicted to alcohol.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of helpen (strong class 3+7)
infinitive helpen
past singular hielp
past participle geholpen
infinitive helpen
gerund helpen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular help hielp
2nd person sing. (jij) helpt hielp
2nd person sing. (u) helpt hielp
2nd person sing. (gij) helpt hielpt
3rd person singular helpt hielp
plural helpen hielpen
subjunctive sing.1 helpe hielpe
subjunctive plur.1 helpen hielpen
imperative sing. help
imperative plur.1 helpt
participles helpend geholpen
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: help

Low GermanEdit

VerbEdit

helpen

  1. Alternative spelling of hölpen

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch helpan, from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną.

VerbEdit

helpen

  1. to help, to aid, to assist
  2. to be helpful, to be beneficial

InflectionEdit

Strong class 3
Infinitive helpen
3rd sg. past halp
3rd pl. past holpen
Past participle geholpen
Infinitive helpen
In genitive helpens
In dative helpene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular helpe halp
2nd singular helps, helpes holps, holpes
3rd singular helpt, helpet halp
1st plural helpen holpen
2nd plural helpt, helpet holpt, holpet
3rd plural helpen holpen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular helpe holpe
2nd singular helps, helpes holpes
3rd singular helpe holpe
1st plural helpen holpen
2nd plural helpt, helpet holpet
3rd plural helpen holpen
Imperative Present
Singular help, helpe
Plural helpt, helpet
Present Past
Participle helpende geholpen

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • “helpen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[1], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “helpen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[2], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English helpan, from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną.

VerbEdit

helpen (third-person singular simple present helpeth, present participle helpende, first-/third-person singular past indicative holp, past participle holpen)

  1. to help
    • 14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. General Prologue: 15-18.
      And specially from every shires ende
      Of Engelond to Caunterbury they wende,
      The hooly blisful martir for to seke,
      That hem hath holpen whan that they were seeke.
      And specially from every shire's end
      Of England to Canterbury they travel,
      To seek the holy blessed martyr,
      Who helped them when they were sick.

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Middle Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon helpan (to help), from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną. Cognate with English helpan, Dutch helpen and German helfen.

PronunciationEdit

  • (originally) IPA(key): /hɛlpən/

VerbEdit

helpen

  1. to help

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit


West FrisianEdit

NounEdit

helpen

  1. plural of help