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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German hëlfen, from Old High German helfan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelb-, *ḱelp-. Cognate with Low German helpen, Dutch helpen, English help, Danish hjælpe, Norwegian Bokmål hjelpe.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛlfn̩/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hel‧fen

VerbEdit

helfen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present hilft, past tense half, past participle geholfen, past subjunctive hülfe, auxiliary haben)

  1. to help (someone); to assist; to aid [+dative]
    Ich habe ihnen bei der Reparatur des Wagens geholfen.
    I helped them with the repair of the car.

ConjugationEdit

  • The past subjunctive hülfe is rare. Even rarer variants are hälfe and hölfe.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German helfan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną. Cognate with Middle Low German helpen, Middle Dutch helpen, and Middle English helpen.

VerbEdit

hëlfen

  1. to help

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Central Franconian: hellepe
  • German: helfen
  • Luxembourgish: hëllefen
  • Yiddish: העלפֿן(helfn)

WelshEdit

NounEdit

helfen

  1. h-prothesized form of elfen

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
elfen unchanged unchanged helfen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.