English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French infect, from Latin infectus, perfect passive participle of inficiō (dye, taint).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɛkt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛkt

Verb edit

infect (third-person singular simple present infects, present participle infecting, simple past and past participle infected)

  1. (transitive) To bring (the body or part of it) into contact with a substance that causes illness (a pathogen), so that the pathogen begins to act on the body; (of a pathogen) to come into contact with (a body or body part) and begin to act on it.
    Not everyone will be infected when an epidemic strikes.
    • 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193:
      Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola.
    • 2020 February 18, Isabella Kwai, “How a Pharmacy Handles Mask Hoarders and Coronavirus Fears”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 2020-02-18, Asia Pacific‎[2]:
      Ms. Tang’s inevitable contact with people who are ill has started to worry her. It did not help when she learned that someone living in a building near her own, in Siu Sai Wan, had been infected by the virus.
  2. (transitive) To contaminate (an object or substance) with a pathogen.
  3. (transitive) To make somebody enthusiastic about one's own passion, or to communicate a feeling to others, or a feeling communicating itself to others.
    Her passion for dancing has infected me.

Synonyms edit

  • (to contaminate): leper (rare)

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Adjective edit

infect (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Infected.

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin īnfectus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

infect (feminine infecte, masculine plural infects, feminine plural infectes)

  1. vile, loathsome
  2. revolting, disgusting

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

  • Romanian: infect

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French infect, from Latin infectus.

Adjective edit

infect m or n (feminine singular infectă, masculine plural infecți, feminine and neuter plural infecte)

  1. revolting, disgusting (about smells)
  2. vile, loathsome (about humans)

Declension edit