HungarianEdit

 kelet on Hungarian Wikipedia
 
Compass rose

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɛlɛt]
  • Hyphenation: ke‧let
  • Rhymes: -ɛt

Etymology 1Edit

Ellipsis of napkelet (sunrise, east; orient, compound word).[1]

NounEdit

kelet

  1. (singular only) east
    Coordinate terms: észak, dél, nyugat
Usage notesEdit

Names of compass points are not capitalized in Hungarian unless they refer to a given bloc of countries or states[2] or when they are part of a proper name (e.g. Nyugat-Szahara). However, their abbreviations are capitalized and have no dot at the end. (The dotted forms are the abbreviations of the related adjectives suffixed with ‑i.)

DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kelet
accusative keletet
dative keletnek
instrumental kelettel
causal-final keletért
translative keletté
terminative keletig
essive-formal keletként
essive-modal
inessive keletben
superessive keleten
adessive keletnél
illative keletbe
sublative keletre
allative kelethez
elative keletből
delative keletről
ablative kelettől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
keleté
non-attributive
possessive - plural
keletéi
Possessive forms of kelet
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. keletem
2nd person sing. keleted
3rd person sing. kelete
keletje
1st person plural keletünk
2nd person plural keletetek
3rd person plural keletük
keletjük

Coordinate termsEdit

(compass points)

nouns adjectives
északnyugat (ÉNy) észak (É) északkelet (ÉK)
nyugat (Ny)   kelet (K)
délnyugat (DNy) dél (D) délkelet (DK)
északnyugati (ÉNy./ény.) északi (É./é.) északkeleti (ÉK./ék.)
nyugati (Ny./ny.)   keleti (K./k.)
délnyugati (DNy./dny.) déli (D./d.) délkeleti (DK./dk.)
Derived termsEdit
Compound words
Proper nouns

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb kel (to rise) +‎ -et (noun-forming suffix).[1]

NounEdit

kelet

  1. marketability (chiefly with the verbs van and nincs)
    Synonym: kelendőség
    nagy keletje vanpopular, in demant
    nincs keletjenot popular, not in demant
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kelet
accusative keletet
dative keletnek
instrumental kelettel
causal-final keletért
translative keletté
terminative keletig
essive-formal keletként
essive-modal
inessive keletben
superessive keleten
adessive keletnél
illative keletbe
sublative keletre
allative kelethez
elative keletből
delative keletről
ablative kelettől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
keleté
non-attributive
possessive - plural
keletéi
Possessive forms of kelet
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. keletem
2nd person sing. keleted
3rd person sing. keletje
1st person plural keletünk
2nd person plural keletetek
3rd person plural keletjük

Etymology 3Edit

From the verb kel (to rise) +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix).[1]

NounEdit

kelet

  1. (rare, singular only) date of dispatch (the date indicated in written documents: whether the date of writing, or that of mailing; possibly including the place of dispatch as well)
    Synonyms: keltezés, (both: date) dátum
    A levélen nem volt sem kelet, sem aláírás.There was neither date, nor signature on the letter.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kelet
accusative keletet
dative keletnek
instrumental kelettel
causal-final keletért
translative keletté
terminative keletig
essive-formal keletként
essive-modal
inessive keletben
superessive keleten
adessive keletnél
illative keletbe
sublative keletre
allative kelethez
elative keletből
delative keletről
ablative kelettől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
keleté
non-attributive
possessive - plural
keletéi
Possessive forms of kelet
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. keltem
2nd person sing. kelted
3rd person sing. kelte
kelete
1st person plural keltünk
2nd person plural keltetek
3rd person plural keltük
keletük

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kelet in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ Tóth, Etelka (ed.). Magyar helyesírási szótár: A magyar helyesírás szabályai tizenkettedik kiadása szerint (’Dictionary of Hungarian Orthography: according to the 12th edition of the regulations of the Hungarian orthography’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2017. →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • (east): kelet in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (marketability): kelet in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (date): kelet in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN