See also: Kel, -kel, kel', -kél, and kēļ

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Czech kel, from Proto-Slavic *kъlъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kel m inan

  1. tusk

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • kel in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kel in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Kehle

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /keːl/, [kʰeːˀl]

NounEdit

kel c (singular definite kelen, plural indefinite kele)

  1. hollow moulding, cavetto
  2. valley

InflectionEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɛl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kel
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Ugric *kälä- (to rise, stand up), which likely descends from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kälä- (to ford).[1] Akin to Mansi ква̄луӈкве (kvāluňkve, to rise).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

kel

  1. (obsolete) come and go, get about (to transport oneself from place to place)[2]
  2. (intransitive) to get up, rise (from sleep; occasionally more broadly from a lying or sitting position)
    Synonyms: felkel, feláll
  3. (intransitive, of the sun or moon) to rise
    Synonym: felkel
  4. (intransitive, of a seedling) to sprout, shoot, bud, germinate
    Synonyms: sarjad, kibújik
  5. (intransitive, of a young bird or insect) to hatch (to be hatched)
  6. (intransitive, cooking, of dough) to rise
  7. (intransitive, figuratively, in expressions) to start, set off, take off
    Synonyms: kezd, indul, (in expressions) ered
  8. (intransitive, figuratively, archaic or poetic) to rise, arise (chiefly of emotions, their outward expressions, or natural forces like wind)
    Synonyms: keletkezik, kezdődik, támad
  9. (intransitive, marketing, chiefly after adverbs) to be sought-after, in demand
    Synonyms: kelendő, eladható, kapós, keresett, fogy
  10. (intransitive, of a piece of writing) to be dated (only in the past tense)
    Synonyms: íródik, létrejön
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
Compound words

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Bavarian Keel (Savoy cabbage), from Latin caulis (stem, stalk, cabbage).

NounEdit

kel (plural kelek)

  1. Savoy cabbage
    Synonym: kelkáposzta
  2. (in phrases and compounds) a type of Brassica (cabbage and similar plants), including kale, cauliflower, napa cabbage, and Brussels sprout
    Hyponyms: fodros kel, kínai kel
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kel kelek
accusative kelt keleket
dative kelnek keleknek
instrumental kellel kelekkel
causal-final kelért kelekért
translative kellé kelekké
terminative kelig kelekig
essive-formal kelként kelekként
essive-modal
inessive kelben kelekben
superessive kelen keleken
adessive kelnél keleknél
illative kelbe kelekbe
sublative kelre kelekre
allative kelhez kelekhez
elative kelből kelekből
delative kelről kelekről
ablative keltől kelektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kelé keleké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
keléi kelekéi
Possessive forms of kel
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kelem keljeim
2nd person sing. keled keljeid
3rd person sing. kelje keljei
1st person plural kelünk keljeink
2nd person plural keletek keljeitek
3rd person plural keljük keljeik
Derived termsEdit
Compound words

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #259 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ kel in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further readingEdit

  • (to get up, to rise): kel in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (Savoy cabbage): kel in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese aquilo.

PronounEdit

kel

  1. that

Northern KurdishEdit

NounEdit

kel ?

  1. thing
  2. heat

Old CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *kъlъ.

NounEdit

kel m

  1. tusk
  2. culm (?)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Czech: kel

Further readingEdit

  • kel”, in Vokabulář webový: webové hnízdo pramenů k poznání historické češtiny [online][1], Praha: Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, 2006–2020

Old FrenchEdit

ContractionEdit

kel

  1. contraction of ke le (that it)

SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Bavarian Keel (Savoy cabbage), from Latin caulis (stem, stalk, cabbage).

NounEdit

kel m (genitive singular kelu, nominative plural kely, genitive plural kelov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. savoy
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *kъlъ.

NounEdit

kel m (genitive singular kla, nominative plural kly, genitive plural klov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. tusk
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • kel in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish كل(kel, bald), from Persian کل(kal, bald). Cognate to kelle (head) and ultimately to Latin calvus (bald), Old English calu (bald).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

kel

  1. bald

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative kel
Definite accusative keli
Singular Plural
Nominative kel keller
Definite accusative keli kelleri
Dative kele kellere
Locative kelde kellerde
Ablative kelden kellerden
Genitive kelin kellerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelim kellerim
2nd singular kelin kellerin
3rd singular keli kelleri
1st plural kelimiz kellerimiz
2nd plural keliniz kelleriniz
3rd plural kelleri kelleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimi kellerimi
2nd singular kelini kellerini
3rd singular kelini kellerini
1st plural kelimizi kellerimizi
2nd plural kelinizi kellerinizi
3rd plural kellerini kellerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelime kellerime
2nd singular keline kellerine
3rd singular keline kellerine
1st plural kelimize kellerimize
2nd plural kelinize kellerinize
3rd plural kellerine kellerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimde kellerimde
2nd singular kelinde kellerinde
3rd singular kelinde kellerinde
1st plural kelimizde kellerimizde
2nd plural kelinizde kellerinizde
3rd plural kellerinde kellerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimden kellerimden
2nd singular kelinden kellerinden
3rd singular kelinden kellerinden
1st plural kelimizden kellerimizden
2nd plural kelinizden kellerinizden
3rd plural kellerinden kellerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimin kellerimin
2nd singular kelinin kellerinin
3rd singular kelinin kellerinin
1st plural kelimizin kellerimizin
2nd plural kelinizin kellerinizin
3rd plural kellerinin kellerinin

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French lequel (which).

PronounEdit

kel

  1. (relative) who
  2. (relative) which

DeclensionEdit

  • Note: This word is declined to match the function it plays in its subordinate clause, not to match the declension of the noun it modifies.

YetfaEdit

NounEdit

kel

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


ZouEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Kel (1).

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *keel, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *keel.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kèl

  1. goat

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kal, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-la. Cognates include Khumi Chin ämäkei and Mizo kal.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kel

  1. kidney

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kaal.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

kel

  1. (transitive) to climb
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, pages 40, 46, 81