See also: Kel, -kel, kel', -kél, and kēļ

Cypriot Arabic

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Root
'-k-l
4 terms

Etymology

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Inherited from Arabic أَكَلَ (ʔakala).

Verb

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kel I (present pkyakol)

  1. to eat
  2. to wear down

References

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  • Borg, Alexander (2004) A Comparative Glossary of Cypriot Maronite Arabic (Arabic–English) (Handbook of Oriental Studies; I.70), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 142

Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Czech kel, from Proto-Slavic *kъlъ.

Noun

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kel m inan

  1. tusk
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Related to older klí (embryo, germ).

Noun

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kel m inan or f

  1. (obsolete, botany) embryo, germ
    Synonyms: klíček, embryo, klík (obsolete), klíč (rare)
Declension
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Derived terms
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Further reading

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  • kel in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kel in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • kel in Internetová jazyková příručka
  • František Št. Kott (1878) “kel”, in Česko-německý slovník zvláště grammaticko-fraseologický (in Czech), Prague: Josef Kolář, page 684

Danish

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Etymology

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From German Kehle.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /keːl/, [kʰeːˀl]

Noun

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kel c (singular definite kelen, plural indefinite kele)

  1. hollow moulding, cavetto
  2. valley

Inflection

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Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkɛl]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: kel
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Ugric *kälä-, possibly derived from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kälä- (to ford).[1] Akin to Northern Mansi ква̄луӈкве (kwāluňkwe, to rise).

Alternative forms

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Verb

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kel

  1. (obsolete) come and go, get about (to transport oneself from place to place)[2]
  2. (intransitive) to get up, rise (from sleep; occasionally more broadly from a lying or sitting position)
    Synonyms: felkel, feláll
  3. (intransitive, of the sun or moon) to rise
    Synonym: felkel
  4. (intransitive, of a seedling) to sprout, shoot, bud, germinate
    Synonyms: sarjad, kibújik
  5. (intransitive, of a young bird or insect) to hatch (to be hatched)
  6. (intransitive, cooking, of dough) to rise
  7. (intransitive, figuratively, in expressions) to start, set off, take off
    Synonyms: kezd, indul, (in expressions) ered
  8. (intransitive, figuratively, archaic or poetic) to rise, arise (chiefly of emotions, their outward expressions, or natural forces like wind)
    Synonyms: keletkezik, kezdődik, támad
  9. (intransitive, marketing, chiefly after adverbs) to be sought-after, in demand
    Synonyms: kelendő, eladható, kapós, keresett, fogy
  10. (intransitive, of a piece of writing) to be dated (only in the past tense)
    Synonyms: íródik, létrejön
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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Compound words

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Bavarian Keel (Savoy cabbage), from Latin caulis (stem, stalk, cabbage).

Noun

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kel (plural kelek)

  1. Savoy cabbage
    Synonym: kelkáposzta
  2. (in phrases and compounds) a type of Brassica (cabbage and similar plants), including kale, cauliflower, napa cabbage, and Brussels sprout
    Hyponyms: fodros kel, kínai kel
Declension
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Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kel kelek
accusative kelt keleket
dative kelnek keleknek
instrumental kellel kelekkel
causal-final kelért kelekért
translative kellé kelekké
terminative kelig kelekig
essive-formal kelként kelekként
essive-modal
inessive kelben kelekben
superessive kelen keleken
adessive kelnél keleknél
illative kelbe kelekbe
sublative kelre kelekre
allative kelhez kelekhez
elative kelből kelekből
delative kelről kelekről
ablative keltől kelektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kelé keleké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
keléi kelekéi
Possessive forms of kel
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kelem keljeim
2nd person sing. keled keljeid
3rd person sing. kelje keljei
1st person plural kelünk keljeink
2nd person plural keletek keljeitek
3rd person plural keljük keljeik
Derived terms
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Compound words

References

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  1. ^ Entry #259 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ kel in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

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  • (to get up, to rise): kel in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (Savoy cabbage): kel in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Kabuverdianu

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Etymology

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From Portuguese aquilo.

Pronoun

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kel

  1. that

Northern Kurdish

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Noun

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kel ?

  1. thing
  2. heat

Old Czech

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Alternative forms

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  • keł (alternative writing)

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kъlъ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kel m inan

  1. tusk
  2. culm (?)

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Czech: kel

Further reading

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Old French

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Contraction

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kel

  1. contraction of ke le (that it)

Slovak

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Bavarian Keel (Savoy cabbage), from Latin caulis (stem, stalk, cabbage).

Noun

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kel m inan (genitive singular kelu, nominative plural kely, genitive plural kelov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. savoy
Declension
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kъlъ.

Noun

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kel m inan (genitive singular kla, nominative plural kly, genitive plural klov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. tusk
Declension
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Derived terms
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Further reading

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  • kel”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Sranan Tongo

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Noun

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kel

  1. guy, dude
    • c. 1950, Sophie Redmond, “Datra Papa [A doctor's father]”, in Thea Doelwijt, editor, Kri, kra! Proza van Suriname [Kri, kra! Prose from Suriname]‎[1], Paramaribo: Bureau Volkslectuur, published 1972, page 115:
      Nana: Misi libi mi nanga tori foe Frits p'pa; efi mi prakseri fa mi lasi na beste ten foe mi libi, nanga na kel.
      Nana: Madam, let me be with the matter of Frits's dad. If I just think about how I waisted the best years of my life with that guy...
    • 1985, Paul Marlee, Proefkonijn[2], Paramaribo: Uitgeverij De Volksboekwinkel, →ISBN, page 99:
      ‘Blub, hik, sorry man, ei Arnie, pe y' ben de yongu, m' e suk' i no moer man; pe a meid Sastro de man, mi lob' a sma, yongu, wan f' den kel go vandoor nang' a sma k'ba natuurlijk. (...)’
      'Glub, hiccup, sorry, man, hey Arnie, where have you been, man, I've been looking all over for you; where's that girl Sastro, man, I love that girl, man, one of the guys already went off with her, obviously. (...)'

Descendants

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Swedish

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Etymology

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Deverbal from kela

Noun

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kel n

  1. (colloquial) cuddling, petting

Declension

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Declension of kel 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative kel kelet
Genitive kels kelets

References

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Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish كل (kel, bald), from Persian کل (kal, bald). Cognate to kelle (head) and ultimately to Latin calvus (bald), Old English calu (bald).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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kel

  1. bald

Declension

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Inflection
Nominative kel
Definite accusative keli
Singular Plural
Nominative kel keller
Definite accusative keli kelleri
Dative kele kellere
Locative kelde kellerde
Ablative kelden kellerden
Genitive kelin kellerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelim kellerim
2nd singular kelin kellerin
3rd singular keli kelleri
1st plural kelimiz kellerimiz
2nd plural keliniz kelleriniz
3rd plural kelleri kelleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimi kellerimi
2nd singular kelini kellerini
3rd singular kelini kellerini
1st plural kelimizi kellerimizi
2nd plural kelinizi kellerinizi
3rd plural kellerini kellerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelime kellerime
2nd singular keline kellerine
3rd singular keline kellerine
1st plural kelimize kellerimize
2nd plural kelinize kellerinize
3rd plural kellerine kellerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimde kellerimde
2nd singular kelinde kellerinde
3rd singular kelinde kellerinde
1st plural kelimizde kellerimizde
2nd plural kelinizde kellerinizde
3rd plural kellerinde kellerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimden kellerimden
2nd singular kelinden kellerinden
3rd singular kelinden kellerinden
1st plural kelimizden kellerimizden
2nd plural kelinizden kellerinizden
3rd plural kellerinden kellerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular kelimin kellerimin
2nd singular kelinin kellerinin
3rd singular kelinin kellerinin
1st plural kelimizin kellerimizin
2nd plural kelinizin kellerinizin
3rd plural kellerinin kellerinin

Synonyms

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Descendants

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Volapük

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French lequel (which).

Pronoun

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kel

  1. (relative) who
    • 1932, Arie de Jong, Leerboek der Wereldtaal, page 15:
      Utan, kel lugon, binon lugan.
      A person who lies is a liar.
  2. (relative) which
    • 1932, Arie de Jong, Leerboek der Wereldtaal, page 15:
      Buk, keli elegivol obe, binon jönik.
      The book that you have given to me is beautiful.
    • 1938, “Pö yelacen”, in Volapükagased pro Nedänapükans, page 1:
      Volapük eprogedon nog no mödiko, e nog ai go no labülon pladi, kel demü patöfs sublimik okik duton lü on.
      Volapük has not yet made great progress, and is far from occupying the place it deserves due to its its superior qualities.

Declension

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  • Note: This word is declined to match the function it plays in its subordinate clause, not to match the declension of the noun it modifies.

Wolof

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Noun

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kel (definite form kel gi)

  1. Grewia bicolor

Yetfa

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Noun

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kel

  1. water

References

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Etymology 1

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Kel (1).

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *keel, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *keel.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kèl

  1. goat

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kal, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-la. Cognates include Khumi Chin ämäkei and Mizo kal.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kel

  1. kidney

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kaal.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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kel

  1. (transitive) to climb
Derived terms
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References

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  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, pages 40, 46, 81