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See also: Kulak, kulák, and kułak

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EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

1877. From Russian кула́к (kulák, wealthy peasant; fist; tight-fisted person), plural кулаки́ (kulakí). Compare also Russian раскула́чивание (raskuláčivanije, dekulakization), подкула́чник (podkuláčnik, subkulak).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kulak (plural kulaks or kulaki)

  1. (historical) A prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers.
    • 2002, Christopher Hitchens, "Martin Amis: Lightness at Midnight", The Atlantic, Sep 2002:
      The “internal organs,” as the CHEKA and the GPU and the KGB used to style themselves, were asked to police the mind for heresy as much as to torture kulaks to relinquish the food they withheld from the cities.
    • 2105 February 6, Nick Gillespie, “To the Barricades, Brooklyn Yuppies!”, in The Dailey Beast[1], retrieved 20150206:
      We are the “upper middle class”, the new kulaks whose antisocial self-interest and lack of submission to the aims of the revolutionary vanguard must be extinguished.

Usage notesEdit

During Soviet state collectivization of farming in the 1920s and 1930s the label kulak, implying “tight-fisted”, was applied pejoratively to attack land-owning peasants in general.

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

QuotationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary: Tenth Edition 1997

AnagramsEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

kulak m (plural kulaks)

  1. (historical) kulak (prosperous peasant in Russia)

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish قولاق (qulaq, ear), from Proto-Turkic *kulkak (ear). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰸𐰆𐰞𐰴𐰴 (qulqaq).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ku.ˈɫɑk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ku‧lak

NounEdit

kulak (definite accusative kulağı, plural kulaklar)

  1. ear

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit