Finnish edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkultɑ/, [ˈkul̪t̪ɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ultɑ
  • Syllabification(key): kul‧ta

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Finnic *kulta,[1] borrowed from Proto-Germanic *gulþą (compare Swedish guld, German Gold, English gold).[2] Compare Livvi kultasen. Distant doublet of kelta.

Noun edit

kulta

  1. gold (metal)
  2. gold (first prize); gold medal
  3. darling, dear, baby (term of endearment)
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:kultanen
Declension edit
Inflection of kulta (Kotus type 10*I/koira, lt-ll gradation)
nominative kulta kullat
genitive kullan kultien
partitive kultaa kultia
illative kultaan kultiin
singular plural
nominative kulta kullat
accusative nom. kulta kullat
gen. kullan
genitive kullan kultien
kultainrare
partitive kultaa kultia
inessive kullassa kullissa
elative kullasta kullista
illative kultaan kultiin
adessive kullalla kullilla
ablative kullalta kullilta
allative kullalle kullille
essive kultana kultina
translative kullaksi kulliksi
abessive kullatta kullitta
instructive kullin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kulta (Kotus type 10*I/koira, lt-ll gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kultani kultani
accusative nom. kultani kultani
gen. kultani
genitive kultani kultieni
kultainirare
partitive kultaani kultiani
inessive kullassani kullissani
elative kullastani kullistani
illative kultaani kultiini
adessive kullallani kullillani
ablative kullaltani kulliltani
allative kullalleni kullilleni
essive kultanani kultinani
translative kullakseni kullikseni
abessive kullattani kullittani
instructive
comitative kultineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kultasi kultasi
accusative nom. kultasi kultasi
gen. kultasi
genitive kultasi kultiesi
kultaisirare
partitive kultaasi kultiasi
inessive kullassasi kullissasi
elative kullastasi kullistasi
illative kultaasi kultiisi
adessive kullallasi kullillasi
ablative kullaltasi kulliltasi
allative kullallesi kullillesi
essive kultanasi kultinasi
translative kullaksesi kulliksesi
abessive kullattasi kullittasi
instructive
comitative kultinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kultamme kultamme
accusative nom. kultamme kultamme
gen. kultamme
genitive kultamme kultiemme
kultaimmerare
partitive kultaamme kultiamme
inessive kullassamme kullissamme
elative kullastamme kullistamme
illative kultaamme kultiimme
adessive kullallamme kullillamme
ablative kullaltamme kulliltamme
allative kullallemme kullillemme
essive kultanamme kultinamme
translative kullaksemme kulliksemme
abessive kullattamme kullittamme
instructive
comitative kultinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kultanne kultanne
accusative nom. kultanne kultanne
gen. kultanne
genitive kultanne kultienne
kultainnerare
partitive kultaanne kultianne
inessive kullassanne kullissanne
elative kullastanne kullistanne
illative kultaanne kultiinne
adessive kullallanne kullillanne
ablative kullaltanne kulliltanne
allative kullallenne kullillenne
essive kultananne kultinanne
translative kullaksenne kulliksenne
abessive kullattanne kullittanne
instructive
comitative kultinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kultansa kultansa
accusative nom. kultansa kultansa
gen. kultansa
genitive kultansa kultiensa
kultainsarare
partitive kultaansa kultiaan
kultiansa
inessive kullassaan
kullassansa
kullissaan
kullissansa
elative kullastaan
kullastansa
kullistaan
kullistansa
illative kultaansa kultiinsa
adessive kullallaan
kullallansa
kullillaan
kullillansa
ablative kullaltaan
kullaltansa
kulliltaan
kulliltansa
allative kullalleen
kullallensa
kullilleen
kullillensa
essive kultanaan
kultanansa
kultinaan
kultinansa
translative kullakseen
kullaksensa
kullikseen
kulliksensa
abessive kullattaan
kullattansa
kullittaan
kullittansa
instructive
comitative kultineen
kultinensa
Derived terms edit
Compounds edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kallio, Petri (2020–), “*kulta”, in Yhteissuomalainen sanasto[1] (in Finnish)
  2. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

kulta

  1. (interrogative, archaic) ablative singular of kuka
  2. (indefinite, archaic) ablative singular of kuka
Synonyms edit

Anagrams edit

Ingrian edit

 
Kultaa.

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *kulta. Cognates include Finnish kulta and Estonian kuld.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kulta

  1. gold

Declension edit

Declension of kulta (type 3/koira, lt-ll gradation)
singular plural
nominative kulta kullat
genitive kullan kultiin
partitive kultaa kultia
illative kultaa kultii
inessive kullaas kulliis
elative kullast kullist
allative kullalle kullille
adessive kullaal kulliil
ablative kullalt kullilt
translative kullaks kulliks
essive kultanna, kultaan kultinna, kultiin
exessive1) kultant kultint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 20
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 216

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

kulta (Cyrillic spelling култа)

  1. genitive singular of kult