See also: kúm, kum-, and küm-

TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

kum

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Kumyk.

AfarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From (thy) +‎ -m.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkum/
  • Hyphenation: kum

PronounEdit

kúm (predicative kúumu or kuumú)

  1. thine, yours

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “kum”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2004) Parlons Afar: Langue et Culture, L'Hammartan, →ISBN, page 67
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

GagauzEdit

NounEdit

kum (definite accusative {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. sand

MapudungunEdit

AdjectiveEdit

kum (Raguileo spelling)

  1. Of dark red colour.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German kum, kumme (compare German Low German Kumme (bowl)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kum m (definite singular kummen, indefinite plural kummer, definite plural kummene)

  1. sink
  2. manhole

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German kum, kumme (compare German Low German Kumme (bowl)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kum m (definite singular kummen, indefinite plural kummar, definite plural kummane)

  1. sink
  2. manhole

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kum/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -um
  • Syllabification: kum

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kumъ, from earlier *kъmotrъ, from Latin compater.

NounEdit

kum m pers

  1. godfather
  2. (colloquial) chum
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Onomatopoeia.

InterjectionEdit

kum

  1. ribbit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

kum f

  1. genitive plural of kuma

Further readingEdit

  • kum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SalarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *kum. Compare to Turkish kum, etc.

NounEdit

kum

  1. sand

ReferencesEdit

Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “kum”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow: Nauka


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *kumъ, from earlier *kъmotrъ, from Latin compater.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kȗm m (Cyrillic spelling ку̑м)

  1. godfather
  2. best man
    vjenčani kum(please add an English translation of this usage example)
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish قوم‎ (Turkish kum (sand)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kȕm m (Cyrillic spelling ку̏м)

  1. (uncountable) sand
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

SlavomolisanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Serbo-Croatian kum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kum m

  1. godfather
    • 2010, Natalina Spadanuda, “Le renard et le loup”:
      Kum, ja znam di je na masarija di, unutra, jesu čuda stvari za jist. Što gorivaš, šma po?
      Godfather, I know where there is a farm where there are many things to eat inside. What do you say, shall we go?

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Breu, W., Mader Skender, M. B. & Piccoli, G. 2013. Oral texts in Molise Slavic (Italy): Acquaviva Collecroce. In Adamou, E., Breu, W., Drettas, G. & Scholze, L. (eds.). 2013. EuroSlav2010: Elektronische Datenbank bedrohter slavischer Varietäten in nichtslavophonen Ländern Europas – Base de données électronique de variétés slaves menacées dans des pays européens non slavophones. Konstanz: Universität / Paris: Lacito (Internet Publication).

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

kum

  1. Romanization of 𒄣 (kum)

Tocharian AEdit

NounEdit

kum m

  1. tuft of hair

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish قوم(kum, sand, gravel), from Proto-Turkic *kum (sand), compare Uyghur قۇم(qum).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kum/
  • Hyphenation: kum

NounEdit

kum (definite accusative kumu, plural kumlar)

  1. sand

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative kum
Definite accusative kumu
Singular Plural
Nominative kum kumlar
Definite accusative kumu kumları
Dative kuma kumlara
Locative kumda kumlarda
Ablative kumdan kumlardan
Genitive kumun kumların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular kumum kumlarım
2nd singular kumun kumların
3rd singular kumu kumları
1st plural kumumuz kumlarımız
2nd plural kumunuz kumlarınız
3rd plural kumları kumları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kumumu kumlarımı
2nd singular kumunu kumlarını
3rd singular kumunu kumlarını
1st plural kumumuzu kumlarımızı
2nd plural kumunuzu kumlarınızı
3rd plural kumlarını kumlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular kumuma kumlarıma
2nd singular kumuna kumlarına
3rd singular kumuna kumlarına
1st plural kumumuza kumlarımıza
2nd plural kumunuza kumlarınıza
3rd plural kumlarına kumlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular kumumda kumlarımda
2nd singular kumunda kumlarında
3rd singular kumunda kumlarında
1st plural kumumuzda kumlarımızda
2nd plural kumunuzda kumlarınızda
3rd plural kumlarında kumlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular kumumdan kumlarımdan
2nd singular kumundan kumlarından
3rd singular kumundan kumlarından
1st plural kumumuzdan kumlarımızdan
2nd plural kumunuzdan kumlarınızdan
3rd plural kumlarından kumlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular kumumun kumlarımın
2nd singular kumunun kumlarının
3rd singular kumunun kumlarının
1st plural kumumuzun kumlarımızın
2nd plural kumunuzun kumlarınızın
3rd plural kumlarının kumlarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular kumum kumlarım
2nd singular kumsun kumlarsın
3rd singular kum
kumdur
kumlar
kumlardır
1st plural kumuz kumlarız
2nd plural kumsunuz kumlarsınız
3rd plural kumlar kumlardır

Derived termsEdit


WanhamEdit

NounEdit

kúm, kŭm

  1. water

ReferencesEdit