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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

1675–85; of uncertain origin, possibly from cham, shortening of chambermate, or from comrade. Less likely from Welsh chymrawd (fellow), compare Cymru (Wales).

NounEdit

chum (plural chums)

  1. A friend; a pal.
    I ran into an old chum from school the other day.
  2. (dated) A roommate, especially in a college or university.
    • 1856 in The Knickerbocker: Or, New-York Monthly Magazine [1]
      Field had a 'chum,' or room-mate, whose visage was suggestive to the 'Sophs;' it invited experiment; it held out opportunity for their peculiar deviltry.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

chum (third-person singular simple present chums, present participle chumming, simple past and past participle chummed)

  1. (intransitive) To share rooms with someone; to live together.
    • 1899 Clyde Bowman Furst, A Group of Old Authors [2]
      Henry Wotton and John Donne began to be friends when, as boys, they chummed together at Oxford, where Donne had gone at the age of twelve years.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      A chap named Eleazir Kendrick and I had chummed in together the summer afore and built a fish-weir and shanty at Setuckit Point, down Orham way. For a spell we done pretty well.
  2. (transitive) To lodge (somebody) with another person or people.
  3. (intransitive) To make friends; to socialize.
    • 1899 February, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, volume CLXV, number M, New York, N.Y.: The Leonard Scott Publishing Company, [], OCLC 1042815524, part I:
      I was not surprised to see somebody sitting aft, on the deck, with his legs dangling over the mud. You see I rather chummed with the few mechanics there were in that station, whom the other pilgrims naturally despised—on account of their imperfect manners, I suppose.
    • 1902 Ernest William Hornung, The Amateur Cracksman [3]
      "You'll make yourself disliked on board!"
      "By von Heumann merely."
      "But is that wise when he's the man we've got to diddle?"
      "The wisest thing I ever did. To have chummed up with him would have been fatal -- the common dodge."
  4. (transitive, Scotland, informal) To accompany.
    I'll chum you down to the shops.
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Originally American English, from the 1850s. Perhaps from Powhatan.

NounEdit

chum (uncountable)

  1. (fishing) A mixture of (frequently rancid) fish parts and blood, dumped into the water to attract predator fish, such as sharks

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

chum (third-person singular simple present chums, present participle chumming, simple past and past participle chummed)

  1. (fishing) To cast chum into the water to attract fish.
    • 1983, Richard Ellis, The Book of Sharks, Knopf, →ISBN, page 176:
      He began to chum for sharks, using whale oil and chopped whale meat.
    • 1996 Frank Sargeant, The Reef Fishing Book: A Complete Anglers Guide [4]
      Small live baitfish are effective, and they will take bits of fresh cut fish when chummed strongly.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English chum

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chum m (plural chums)

  1. (Canada, informal) boyfriend (feminine counterpart: blonde)
    Elle m'a présenté son nouveau chum.
    She introduced me to her new boyfriend.
    Je croyais qu'il était rien qu'un ami à Éric mais en fait c'est son chum.
    I believed that he was just another of Éric's friends, but in fact, it's his boyfriend.
  2. (Canada, chiefly slang) a friend, usually male; a chum (feminine form: chum de fille)
    J'suis allé danser avec une gang de chums.
    I went to dance with a group of my male friends.

SynonymsEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inflected form of cum.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

chum

  1. past indicative analytic of cum
  2. Lenited form of cum.

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cum chum gcum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish dochum.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

chum (plus genitive, triggers no mutation)

  1. Obsolete spelling of chun

Old IrishEdit

VerbEdit

·chum

  1. Lenited form of ·cum.

PalauanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, from Proto-Austronesian *qumaŋ. Cognate with Cebuano umang, Tiruray kumang, Marshallese om̧.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chum

  1. hermit crab

Scottish GaelicEdit

PrepositionEdit

chum

  1. Alternative form of chun

VerbEdit

chum

  1. past indicative of cum

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cum chum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(classifier cái) chum (𡓯)

  1. a kind of vase used to contain water

See alsoEdit