Translingual edit

Symbol edit

ku

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Kurdish.

Afar edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

  1. thy, your

See also edit

References edit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “ku”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Ainu edit

Etymology 1 edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (Saru, before vowels) k

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ku= (Kana spelling )

  1. I (first-person singular subject pronoun)
Usage notes edit

Used before verbs and adjectives to express the first person. When isolated, kuani is used. They can also be used together, thus:

Kuani ku=arpa wa ku=ye. ― I will go and tell him.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ku (Kana spelling )

  1. to drink
Derived terms edit
  • iku (to drink strong drink)

See also edit

  • e (to eat)

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Albanian *ku, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷu (where). Cognate to Proto-Baltic *kur (where) (Lithuanian kur̃ (id), kur (id), Latvian kur), Proto-Slavic *kъde (where) (Old Church Slavonic къде (kŭde, id), Russian где (gde)) and Sanskrit कुह (kúha, where) (cf. also Sanskrit कू (kū́, id), Avestan𐬐𐬎𐬛𐬁(kudā), ⁧𐬐𐬏()).[1]

See also Albanian kur (when).[2]

Adverb edit

ku

  1. where (asking about a place, where or towards which direction)
    Ku po shkon?Where are you going?
  2. where ... at
    Ku je?Where (are) you at?
  3. whither, whereto
  4. whence, where from
  5. how (to/that)
    Synonym: si (qysh (Gheg))
    Ku e din ai?How does he (want to) know that?
    Ku më dit unë?How do I know that? (Gheg)
  6. where, whither; there, thither (used to connect repetitive verbs; indicating location, direction)

Particle edit

ku

  1. where (used for rhetorical questions)
  2. where to where whither (used repeatedly, to accentuate significant differences between two objects)

Related terms edit

See also edit

  • (interrogative pronouns)
    • (nominative) kush (who)
    • (accusative) (whom), (kënd (id))
    • (dative, ablative, genitive) kujt (kuj)

References edit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “ku”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 207
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “ku”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 206.

Further reading edit

  • [2] adverb/particle ku (where) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 256
  • Martin Camaj (1984) Albanian grammar: with exercises, chrestomathy and glossaries, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, →ISBN, page 66, 92

Anguthimri edit

Noun edit

ku

  1. (Mpakwithi) tree
  2. (Mpakwithi) wood
  3. (Mpakwithi) stick

References edit

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186

Bambara edit

Noun edit

ku

  1. tail
  2. yam

Derived terms edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ku inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Q.

Declension edit

See also edit

Bura edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ku

  1. hole

References edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kъ(n).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈku]
  • (file)

Preposition edit

ku

  1. (informal) to (in the direction of, and arriving at)
    Synonyms: k, ke

Further reading edit

  • ku in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ku in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Ewe edit

Verb edit

kuku

  1. to die

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin .

Noun edit

ku n (genitive singular kus, plural ku)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Q.

Declension edit

Declension of ku
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative ku kuið ku kuini
accusative ku kuið ku kuini
dative kui kuinum kuum kuunum
genitive kus kusins kua kuanna

Finnish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈku(ˣ)/, [ˈku(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -u
  • Syllabification(key): ku

Conjunction edit

ku (colloquial)

  1. Alternative form of kun
  2. Alternative form of kuin

French edit

Alternative forms edit

  • cu (much less common)
  • qu (less common)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ku m (plural kus)

  1. cue, The name of the Latin-script letter Q.

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Portuguese quando. Cognate with Kabuverdianu kantu.

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. when

Etymology 2 edit

From Portuguese com. Cognate with Kabuverdianu ku.

Preposition edit

ku

  1. with

Gun edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Gbe *kú. Cognates include Fon , Xwela Gbe nku, Adja (v.), Adja eku (n.), Saxwe Gbe (v.), Saxwe Gbe okú (n.), Ewe ku (v.), Ewe eku (n.), Yoruba (v.), Yoruba ikú (n.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(plural kú lɛ́ or kú lẹ́)

  1. death

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

  1. to die

Ifè edit

Etymology edit

Proposed to derive from Proto-Yoruboid *kú or Proto-Yoruboid *kpú. Cognates are extensive throughout many different branches of Niger-Congo. Cognate with Igala kwú, Tiv *kpe, Ibibio *kpa, Proto-Jukunoid *kwu-, Ewe *kuku and Awing *kfu (from Proto-Grassfields *kÚ(a)).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to die

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. (text messaging, informal) Alternative spelling of -ku.

Further reading edit

Ingrian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *ku, from Proto-Uralic *ku-. Akin to Finnish kun and Estonian kui.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

ku

  1. than
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 4:
      Laukaal monikkaat äänet saotaa toiseel viisii, ku Soikkolas, sannoin painutos, sklonenja, Laukaal ono vähä toisenlaajain, ja Laukaal ono sanoja, kumpa Soikkolaas ei oo, tali kummat Soikkolaas merkitsööt toista assiaa, ku Laukaal.
      In the Lower Luga dialect some sounds are pronounced in a different way, than in the Soikkola dialect, the inflection, declension of words, is a little different in Lower Luga, and Lower Luga has words, that aren't in Soikkola, or that in Soikkola mean different things, than in Lower Luga.
  2. like, how, to
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Miä muissin, kui möö hulkuimma metsää mööt, yhenlain ku sokkiat, ja nyt kovin meinaisin oppihussa löytämää teetä, samalviittää kui pioneerat.
      I remembered, how we wandered along the forest, similar to blind people, and now I really decided to learn to find the way, just like the pioneers.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 210

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

ku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Javanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Shortened form of aku, from Old Javanese aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

ku (personal pronoun, informal)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of iku

Determiner edit

ku

  1. that, those

Jingpho edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Burmese ကူး (ku:).

Verb edit

ku

  1. to copy

References edit

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[4], volume 35, →DOI, →ISSN, pages 91–128

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese com.

Preposition edit

ku

  1. with

Karelian edit

Regional variants of ku
North Karelian
(Viena)
ku
South Karelian
(Tver)
ku

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *ku. Cognates include Finnish ku-.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈku/
  • Hyphenation: ku

Determiner edit

ku

  1. (interrogative) what? which?

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. (relative) which

Declension edit

Viena Karelian declension of ku (irregular)
singular plural
nominative ku kut
genitive kun kun
partitive kuta kuta
illative kuh kuh
inessive kušša kušša
elative kušta kušta
adessive kulla kulla
ablative kulta kulta
translative kukši kukši
essive kuna kuna
comitative kuneh
abessive kutta kutta
Tver Karelian declension of ku (irregular)
singular plural
nominative ku kut
genitive kun kun
partitive kuda kuta
illative kuh kuh
inessive kušša kušša
elative kušta kušta
adessive kulla kulla
ablative kulda kulda
translative kukši kukši
essive kuna kuna
comitative kunke kunke
abessive kutta kutta

References edit

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “ku”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • P. Zaykov; L. Rugoyeva (1999), “ku”, in Карельско-Русский словарь (Северно-Карельские диалекты) [Karelian-Russian dictionary (North Karelian dialects)], Petrozavodsk, →ISBN

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter Q.

Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32
    Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū — each, again, with a long vowel sound.

Livonian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *ku, from Proto-Uralic *ku- ~ *ko-. Related to Estonian kuidas and Finnish kuinka. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. how

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

ku (with dative)

  1. Alternative form of k (used before ch, g, and k)

Malay edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Shortened form of aku, from Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ku (Jawi spellingکو⁩) (informal)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
    Kutahu.
    I know.
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
    Dia mengenaliku.
    He knows me.
  3. me (object of a preposition)
    Dia pergi denganku.
    He went with me.
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)
    Ini barangku.
    This is my stuff.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

ku

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Masurian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ku.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈku]
  • Syllabification: ku

Preposition edit

ku [+dative]

  1. denotes allative movement; to, toward
  2. denotes dative action, used to indicate the target or recipient of an action; to
  3. denotes coming time; toward
  4. for, benefitting
  5. denotes reaction to something; to

Further reading edit

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “ku”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 3, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 367

Mauritian Creole edit

Noun edit

ku

  1. Alternative spelling of kou

Middle English edit

Noun edit

ku

  1. Alternative form of cou

Northern Kurdish edit

Conjunction edit

ku

  1. that (connecting noun clause, introducing the result of the main clause)
    Min bihîst ku ew pir dewlemend e.
    I heard that he is very rich.
  2. implied that (where it is grammatically necessary)
    Min tutişt tune ku bidim.
    I have nothing to give. OR I have nothing that I give.

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. which, that (of those mentioned or implied)
    Dîmenderparêzên ku ekranê diguherînin bi kar bîne.
    Use screen savers that manipulate the screen.

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old West Norse kýr (accusative singular ), from Proto-Germanic *kūz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws (cow).

Noun edit

ku f or m (definite singular kua or kuen, indefinite plural kyr or kuer, definite plural kyrne or kuene)

  1. a cow

Usage notes edit

  • One of the nouns whose feminine form is predominant in formal writing.

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old West Norse kýr (accusative singular ), from Proto-Germanic *kūz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws (cow). Akin to English cow.

Noun edit

ku f (definite singular kua, indefinite plural kyr, definite plural kyrne)

  1. cow
    Det går eit par kyr i beitet og beitar.
    There are a couple of cows grazing in the pasture.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

ku

  1. imperative of kua

Further reading edit

Old Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kъ(n). First attested in the first half of the 14th century.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

ku [+dative]

  1. denotes allative movement; to, toward
    Synonym: do
  2. used datively, used to indicate the target or recipient of an action; to
  3. until
    Synonym: do
  4. for, benefitting
    Synonyms: dla, przed
  5. because of
    Synonym: dla
  6. in relation to, in terms of
  7. in terms of accompanying circumstances; at
    • 1950 [1446], Władysław Kuraszkiewicz, Adam Wolff, editors, Zapiski i roty polskie XV-XVI wieku z ksiąg sądowych ziemi warszawskiej, number 591:
      Jacom ya byl ku temu yednanyu natenczasz, yakom smowil sz Janem
      [Jakom ja był ku temu jednaniu natenczas, jakom smowił z Janem]

Descendants edit

  • Masurian: ku
  • Polish: ku, k
  • Silesian: ku

References edit

Papiamentu edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Portuguese com and Spanish con and Kabuverdianu ku.

Conjunction edit

ku

  1. with
  2. plus
  3. and

Etymology 2 edit

From Portuguese que and Spanish que and Kabuverdianu ki.

Adverb edit

ku

  1. than
  2. that
  3. which

Pnar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Khasian *kuː. Cognate with Khasi kiew and Proto-Khmuic *gaːw (to climb).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ku

  1. to climb

Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ku.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

ku [+dative]

  1. denotes allative movement; to, toward
  2. denotes dative action, used to indicate the target or recipient of an action; to
  3. (literary) for, benefitting
    Synonym: dla
  4. used to indicate a resulting feeling or emotion; to
    ku mojemu zaskoczeniuto my surprise

See also edit

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), ku is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 23 times in scientific texts, 9 times in news, 12 times in essays, 41 times in fiction, and 13 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 98 times, making it the 639th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “ku”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 207

Further reading edit

  • ku in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ku in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • ku, k”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • KU”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 28.06.2018
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “ku”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “ku”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1902), “ku, k”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 2, Warsaw, page 615

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ku.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈku/
  • Rhymes: -u
  • Syllabification: ku

Preposition edit

ku [+dative]

  1. denotes allative movement; to, toward
    Synonym: do
    Antonym: ôd
  2. used datively, used to indicate the target or recipient of an action; to
    Synonym: do
    Antonym: ôd

Further reading edit

  • ku in dykcjonorz.eu
  • ku in silling.org

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

ku

  1. Romanization of 𒆪 (ku)

Ter Sami edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Uralic *ki, the same root from which the Finnish ken is derived.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. who

Further reading edit

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[5], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Tocharian A edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tocharian *ku, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (dog). Compare Tocharian B ku, Latin canis, Old Irish , Old English hund.

Noun edit

ku m

  1. dog

Tocharian B edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tocharian *ku, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (dog). Compare Tocharian A ku, Latin canis, Old Irish , Old English hund.

Noun edit

ku m

  1. dog

Further reading edit

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “ku”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 190

Tsonga edit

Particle edit

ku

  1. to
    Ku ba ndlopfu hi xibakele.To hit an elephant with a fist.

References edit

  • "ku" in Xitsonga Dictionary

Unami edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Algonquian *-w (negative particle).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ku

  1. not

Veps edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction edit

ku

  1. if
  2. when
  3. than (in comparisons)
Synonyms edit
  • (than): mi

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Finnic *kuu, from Proto-Uralic *kuŋe.

Noun edit

ku

  1. moon
  2. month
Inflection edit
Inflection of ku (inflection type 13/ma)
nominative sing. ku
genitive sing. kun
partitive sing. kud
partitive plur. kuid
singular plural
nominative ku kud
accusative kun kud
genitive kun kuiden
partitive kud kuid
essive-instructive kun kuin
translative kuks kuikš
inessive kus kuiš
elative kuspäi kuišpäi
illative kuhu kuihe
adessive kul kuil
ablative kulpäi kuilpäi
allative kule kuile
abessive kuta kuita
comitative kunke kuidenke
prolative kudme kuidme
approximative I kunno kuidenno
approximative II kunnoks kuidennoks
egressive kunnopäi kuidennopäi
terminative I kuhusai kuihesai
terminative II kulesai kuilesai
terminative III kussai
additive I kuhupäi kuihepäi
additive II kulepäi kuilepäi
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “если, месяц, когда, раз, чем”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Votic edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Cognate with Finnish kun and Ingrian ku.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈku/, [ˈku]
  • Rhymes: -u
  • Hyphenation: ku

Conjunction edit

ku

  1. (relative) when
  2. if
  3. than (in comparisons)
  4. that

Adverb edit

ku

  1. how (in expressions of wonder)

References edit

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “ku”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Wakhi edit

Pronoun edit

ku

  1. who

Xârâcùù edit

Noun edit

ku

  1. yam

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Proposed to derive from Proto-Yoruboid *kú or Proto-Yoruboid *kpú. Cognates are extensive throughout many different branches of Niger-Congo. Cognate with Igala kwú, Tiv *kpe, Ibibio *kpa, Proto-Jukunoid *kwu-, Ewe *kuku and Awing *kfu (from Proto-Grassfields *kÚ(a)).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to die
    Ọ̀pọ̀ ló nínú ìjàǹbá yẹnMany died in that accident
    Fóònù mi ti fẹ́ nísìnyí, màá pè yín padà oMy phone's about to die now, I'll call you back
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to remain
    Ó ku oṣù mẹ́ta kí n padà lọThere're three months left until I go back
Derived terms edit