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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From lept, now usually izlept(to become spoiled, pampered), with an extra -n, from Proto-Baltic *lep-, from Proto-Indo-European *lep-(to bark, to slice, to strip, to split). The semantic development probably was: “to bark, to strip, to slice” > “(thin) strip, piece (of bark)” > “thin, weak, fragile” > “spoiled, pampered” > “choosy, picky” > “proud, conceited.” Cognates include Lithuanian lepnùs(fastidious, choosy; weak, fragile; arrogant, proud), Ancient Greek λεπτός(leptós, peeled, pared, thin, delicate; weak, sick) (from Ancient Greek λέπειν(lépein, to bark, to peel)), Latin lepidus(charming, witty; effeminate, pampered).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

lepns (def. lepnais, comp. lepnāks, sup. vislepnākais; adv. lepni)

  1. proud, haughty (showing self-awareness in one's behavior, actions, talk; showing feelings of high self-esteem, of superiority to others)
    lepna meitene‎ ― proud girl
    citu kuģu vīri sprieda, ka jaunais kapteinis esot pārlieku lepns‎ ― the men from the other boats thought that the new captain was too proud, haughty
    Mārtiņš bija tik laimīgs un lepns, it kā vai zirgu dabūjis uzdāvinātu‎ ― Mārtiņš was so happy and proud, as if he had gotten a gift horse
  2. proud, haughty (expressing such feelings)
    lepna gaita‎ ― proud walk, gait
    lepns skatiens‎ ― proud look, glance
    svinīgs un lepns izskats‎ ― solemn and proud look, appearance
  3. proud (satisfied, happy about something, someone)
    būt lepnam par saviem dēliem‎ ― to be proud of one's sons
  4. haughty, conceited, arrogant; expressing such feelings
    lepns kā pāvs‎ ― proud as a peacock
    lepns, uzpūtīgs un lielīgs pret saviem apakšniekiem, barons atzina savus kārtas biedru pārākumu‎ ― haughty, arrogant and boastful to his underlings, the baron recognized the superiority of the members of his social class
    es skatos, ka esi bagāts kļuvis; tā vien, ka nekļūsti vēl arī lepns‎ ― I see that you have become rich; just don't become also proud
  5. proud, elegant, splendid (well, luxuriously dressed; outstanding among others in society)
    zem egles sēž Žoržs, Einis, Kārlis un vēl viens lepns pilsonis‎ ― under the spruce tree sat Žoržs, Einis, Kārlis and another proud, elegant citizen
  6. rich, wealthy, luxurious, expensive (showing, characterized by, wealth, prosperity)
    lepna dzīve‎ ― wealthy, luxurious life
    lepnas kāzas‎ ― luxurious wedding
    lepna istabas iekārta‎ ― luxurious room furniture
    lepna vāze‎ ― luxurious, expensive vase
    “māja tev, Līze, tagad ir lepna”, mana māte sacīja Grāvītienei, kad mēs gājām cauri tai bagātībai‎ ― “your house, Līze, is now luxurious, rich,” my mother said, while we went through those riches
  7. (of animals) proud, stately, powerful
    lepns kumeļš‎ ― proud colt
    lepni zirgi‎ ― proud, stately horses

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lepns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7