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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Classical Malay مرديكا(mĕrdeka), from Old Malay [script needed] (maharddhika) (attested in the Kota Kapur inscription), borrowed from Sanskrit महर्द्धिक (maharddhika, prosperous) (compare Buginese ᨆᨑᨙᨉᨀ, Tagalog maharlika).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

merdeka (Jawi spelling مرديک‎)

  1. free; the state of being liberated
    • 2005, A. Samad Said, A. Samad Said: Sebuah antologi puisi yang menghimpunkan karya-karya selama setengah abad [A. Samad Said: An anthology of poems assembled from works spanning half a century], Utusan Publications, Langsir Merdeka (Poem No. 119), page 394:
      Setiap fajar begitu dihayati ufuk merdeka; kebahagiaan yang wajib kita membinanya.
      Every hue of dawn is much appreciated by the horizon of freedom; happiness that is compulsory for all of us to build.
    Synonyms: bebas, بباس
    Antonyms: terkurung, ترکوروڠ
  2. (of a polity) independent (not ruled by others)
    • 1957 August 31, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Pemasyhuran Kemerdekaan Tanah Melayu [Malayan Declaration of Independence]:
      بهاواسڽ كران تله تيباله ماسڽ باڬي اومت ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو اين منچاڤأي تارف سواتو بڠسا يڠ مرديك لاڬي بردولت سام ستيمڤل كدودوكنڽ دڠن سڬالا بڠسا سلوروه دنيا
      (Bahawasanya kerana telah tibalah masanya bagi umat Persekutuan Tanah Melayu ini mencapai taraf suatu bangsa yang merdeka lagi berdaulat sama setimpal kedudukannya dengan segala bangsa seluruh dunia.)
      Whereas the time has now arrived when the people of the Persekutuan Tanah Melayu will assume the status of a free independent and sovereign nation among nations of the World.
    • 2018 February 16, Normazlina M.D, “Simbol negara merdeka [Symbol of an independent nation]”, in Media Permata[1], archived from the original on 18 August 2019:
      Bendera negara bukan hanya sekadar sehelai kain yang mempunyai warna atau motif tertentu bahkan ia adalah simbol identiti sesebuah negara yang merdeka lagi berdaulat.
      The national flag is not just a piece of cloth that has a certain color or motif. In fact, it is a symbol of the identity of a nation that is independent and sovereign.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: merdeka

Further readingEdit