montane

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

The adjective is derived from Latin montānus (of or pertaining to a mountain) + English -ane (variant of -an (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’ forming adjectives)).[1] Montānus is derived from mōns (mount, mountain) (from Proto-Indo-European *men- (to stand out, to tower)) + -ānus (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’).

The noun is probably derived from the adjective.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

montane (comparative more montane, superlative most montane)

  1. (ecology) Of, inhabiting, or growing in mountain areas; specifically, the cool, moist upland slopes below the timberline. [from mid 19th c.]
    • 1903, A[ndreas] F[ranz] W[ilhelm] Schimper, “Mountain Regions in the Tropics”, in William R. Fisher, transl.; Percy Groom and Isaac Bayley Balfour, editors, Plant-geography upon a Physiological Basis [...] The Authorized English Translation, Oxford, Oxfordshire: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 718392294, section I (General Considerations), page 721:
      The montane region in its lower belts has, at the equator, a still tropical although not equatorial character, but near the two tropics it has from the first a temperate character. The difference between the equatorial rain-forest of the basal region on the one hand, and the tropical forest of the lower montane region on the other, is confined to the systematic composition. In temperate montane formations, on the contrary, the lower temperature is reflected in purely oecological characteristics in the plant-life and impresses upon the formations the stamp of those of higher latitudes.
    • 1999, Matt Ridley, Genome: The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters, London: Fourth Estate, HarperCollins, →ISBN; paperback edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper Perennial, 2000, →ISBN, page 27:
      The gorilla's ancestor had probably taken to the montane forests of a string of central African volcanoes, cutting itself off from the genes of other apes.

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NounEdit

montane (plural montanes)

  1. (ecology) Flora and fauna of a montane habitat.
    • 2005, Peter Taylor, “Restoring Ecological Processes: Regeneration of the Core Vegetation”, in Beyond Conservation: A Wildland Strategy, London; Sterling, Va.: Earthscan, →ISBN, page 84:
      The wintergreens, and northern montanes such as Linnaea have their stronghold in these pinewoods and some of their rarity may be due to the reduction in the extent of the forest.

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GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mɔnˈtaːnə/
  • Hyphenation: mon‧ta‧ne

AdjectiveEdit

montane

  1. inflection of montan:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

montane f pl

  1. Feminine plural of adjective montano.

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

montāne

  1. vocative masculine singular of montānus

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

montane

  1. Alternative form of mountayne