The adjective is derived from Latin montānus (“of or pertaining to a mountain”) + English -ane (variant of -an (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’ forming adjectives)). Montānus is derived from mōns (“mount, mountain”) (from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out, to tower”)) + -ānus (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’).
The noun is probably derived from the adjective.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɒnteɪn/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /mɑnˈteɪn/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Hyphenation: mont‧ane
- (ecology) Of, inhabiting, or growing in mountain areas; specifically, the cool, moist upland slopes below the timberline. [from mid 19th c.]
- 1903, A[ndreas] F[ranz] W[ilhelm] Schimper, “Mountain Regions in the Tropics”, in William R. Fisher, transl.; Percy Groom and Isaac Bayley Balfour, editors, Plant-geography upon a Physiological Basis [...] The Authorized English Translation, Oxford, Oxfordshire: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 718392294, section I (General Considerations), page 721:
- The montane region in its lower belts has, at the equator, a still tropical although not equatorial character, but near the two tropics it has from the first a temperate character. The difference between the equatorial rain-forest of the basal region on the one hand, and the tropical forest of the lower montane region on the other, is confined to the systematic composition. In temperate montane formations, on the contrary, the lower temperature is reflected in purely oecological characteristics in the plant-life and impresses upon the formations the stamp of those of higher latitudes.
- 1999, Matt Ridley, Genome: The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters, London: Fourth Estate, HarperCollins, →ISBN; paperback edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper Perennial, 2000, →ISBN, page 27:
- The gorilla's ancestor had probably taken to the montane forests of a string of central African volcanoes, cutting itself off from the genes of other apes.
montane (plural montanes)
- (ecology) Flora and fauna of a montane habitat.
- 2005, Peter Taylor, “Restoring Ecological Processes: Regeneration of the Core Vegetation”, in Beyond Conservation: A Wildland Strategy, London; Sterling, Va.: Earthscan, →ISBN, page 84:
- The wintergreens, and northern montanes such as Linnaea have their stronghold in these pinewoods and some of their rarity may be due to the reduction in the extent of the forest.
- inflection of :
montane f pl
- Feminine plural of adjective montano.
- Alternative form of