See also: niéch

Old Polish edit

Etymology edit

Clipping of niechaj. First attested in the 15th century. Compare Old Czech nechť.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /ɲɛːx/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ɲex/

Particle edit

niech

  1. (hortative) Forms third person imperative; let
    Synonyms: niecha, niechaj
    • 1858 [c. 1408], “Wyroki sądów miejskich czyli ortyle [Urban court rulings i.e. "Ortyls"]”, in Wacław Aleksander Maciejowski, editor, Historia prawodawstw słowiańskich [History of Slavic lawmaking], volume 6, page 145:
      Tak, yako napyszano, nyech stoy
      [Tak jako napisano, niech stoi]

Related terms edit

particles
verbs

Descendants edit

  • Masurian: niéch
  • Polish: niech
  • Silesian: niych

References edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish niech. By surface analysis, clipping of niechaj. Compare Czech nechť, Serbo-Croatian neka, Ukrainian неха́й (nexáj) and Upper Sorbian njech.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

niech

  1. Forms the third person imperative in the singular and plural; let, may
    Niech moc będzie z tobą!May the force be with you!
    Niech cię Bóg błogosławi.God bless you.
  2. Forms the first person imperative in the singular; used only with perfective verbs; let, may
    Niech no pomyślę...Let me think...
    Niech zgadnę... ty jesteś John?Let me guess... you must be John?
  3. Expresses optative meaning; had better, may
  4. (sciences) let (used to specify the meaning of a variable)
    Synonym: gdzie
    Niech x oznacza...Let x signify...
  5. (Middle Polish) if only; only
    Synonym: tylko

Interjection edit

niech

  1. (Middle Polish) Expresses dissatisfaction or impatience.

Conjunction edit

niech

  1. (Middle Polish) Creates a subordinate clause expressing desire or wish; to, so that, for that, in order to
    Synonyms: aby, żeby
  2. (Middle Polish) Creates a conditional; if
    Synonym: jeśli

Derived terms edit

particles

Related terms edit

particles

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), niech is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 8 times in scientific texts, 1 time in news, 12 times in essays, 60 times in fiction, and 219 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 300 times, making it the 168th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “niech”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 280

Further reading edit