See also: Aby

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English abyen, abien, abiggen, from Old English ābyċġan (to buy; pay for; buy off; requite; recompense; redeem; perform; execute), from Proto-Germanic *uzbugjaną, equivalent to a- +‎ buy. Cognate with Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (usbugjan).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aby (third-person singular simple present abys, present participle abying, simple past and past participle abought)

  1. (transitive)
    1. (archaic) To pay the penalty for (something); to atone for, to make amends. [from 12th c.]
      Synonym: make up
    2. (archaic, figuratively) To pay (something) as a penalty; to suffer (something). [from 12th c.]
      Synonym: sustain
    3. (obsolete except Scotland) To endure or tolerate (something); to experience. [from 16th c.]
      Synonyms: brook, go on, hold on, put up with; see also Thesaurus:persist, Thesaurus:tolerate
    4. (obsolete) To pay for (something); to buy. [12th–16th c.]
      Synonyms: procure, purchase; see also Thesaurus:buy
  2. (intransitive, obsolete)
    1. To pay the penalty; to atone. [12th–16th c.]
      Synonyms: expiate, propitiate
    2. To endure; to remain. [14th–16th c.]

Usage notesEdit

  • Aby and abide became confused with each other for a period of time.

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “aby”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 11.

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

aby

  1. so that, in order to, so

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • aby in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • aby in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Univerbation of (that) +‎ by (would)

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aby (defective, invariable)

  1. thatwould

Further readingEdit

  • Arnošt Muka (1921, 1928), “aby”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German, Russian), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted (in German)Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • aby in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Univerbation of a by.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

aby

  1. to, in order to, so that (connects sentences either to express the goal of a speaker, when the speaker wishes to communicate a command or wish) [+past tense = to do what]
    Synonyms: by, żeby, ażeby
    Mówię po to, aby nie było cicho.I am speaking so that it isn't quiet.
    Chcę, abyś jutro przyszedł.I want you to come tomorrow.
  2. to (used to connect a sequence of actions) [+infintive = to do what]
    Synonyms: by, żeby, ażeby
    Usiadł, aby znowu wstać.He sat down to get right back up again.
  3. so long as (used to express a wish for anything) [+past tense = to do what]
    Zrób to byle jak, aby szybciejDo it any which way, as long as it's faster.
  4. (colloquial) introduces doubt from the speaker
    Aby tam będzie?Do you really think he'll be there?
  5. just to, for the sake of
    Czytał aby czytałHe read just to read

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • aby in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • aby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

ScotsEdit

AdverbEdit

aby (not comparable)

  1. Doric form of abye (ago, past)

ReferencesEdit

  • “aby” in Eagle, Andy, editor, The Online Scots Dictionary[1], 2016.