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See also: Aby

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English abyen, abien, abiggen, from Old English ābyċġan (to buy; pay for; buy off; requite; recompense; redeem; perform; execute), from Proto-Germanic *uzbugjaną, equivalent to a- +‎ buy. Cognate with Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (usbugjan).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aby (third-person singular simple present abys, present participle abying, simple past and past participle abought)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To pay for; to buy. [12th-16th c.][1]
  2. (transitive, archaic) To pay the penalty for; to atone for, to make amends. [from 12th c.][1]
    • c. 1385, William Langland, chapter 2, in Piers Plowman:
      Ȝe shul abiggen it bothe · bi god þat me made.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, Midsummer Night's Dream, III,ii:
      Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To pay the penalty; atone. [12th-16th c.][1]
  4. (transitive, archaic) To pay as penalty, to suffer. [from 12th c.][1]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      Who dyes, the utmost dolor doth abye; / But who that lives is lefte to waile his losse [] .
    • 1896, William Morris, The Earthly Paradise:
      Thou wouldst abye a heavy fate.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) Endure; remain. [14th-16th c.][1]
  6. (transitive, obsolete, now limited to Scotland) Endure; experience; tolerate. [from 16th c.][1]

Usage notesEdit

  • Aby and abide became confused with each other for a period of time.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 “aby” in Lesley Brown, editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 11.

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

aby

  1. so that, in order to, so

Further readingEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aby (defective, invariable)

  1. Contraction of by (that... would).

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.bɨ/
  • (file)

ConjunctionEdit

aby

  1. to, in order to, so that

Further readingEdit

  • aby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

ScotsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

aby (comparative mair aby, superlative maist aby)

  1. (Doric) ago, past