See also: Aby

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English abyen, abien, abiggen, from Old English ābyċġan (to buy; pay for; buy off; requite; recompense; redeem; perform; execute), from Proto-Germanic *uzbugjaną, equivalent to a- +‎ buy. Cognate with Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (usbugjan).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aby (third-person singular simple present abys, present participle abying, simple past and past participle abought)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To pay for; to buy. [12th-16th c.][1]
  2. (transitive, archaic) To pay the penalty for; to atone for, to make amends. [from 12th c.][1]
    • c. 1385, William Langland, chapter 2, in Piers Plowman:
      Ȝe shul abiggen it bothe · bi god þat me made.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, Midsummer Night's Dream, III,ii:
      Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To pay the penalty; atone. [12th-16th c.][1]
  4. (transitive, archaic) To pay as penalty, to suffer. [from 12th c.][1]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      Who dyes, the utmost dolor doth abye; / But who that lives is lefte to waile his losse [] .
    • 1896, William Morris, The Earthly Paradise:
      Thou wouldst abye a heavy fate.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) Endure; remain. [14th-16th c.][1]
  6. (transitive, obsolete, now limited to Scotland) Endure; experience; tolerate. [from 16th c.][1]

Usage notesEdit

  • Aby and abide became confused with each other for a period of time.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 “aby” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 11.

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

aby

  1. so that, in order to, so

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Univerbation of (that) +‎ by (would)

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aby (defective, invariable)

  1. thatwould

Further readingEdit

  • aby in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • aby in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.bɨ/
  • (file)

ConjunctionEdit

aby

  1. to, in order to, so that
    Synonyms: by, żeby, ażeby

Further readingEdit

  • aby in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • aby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

ScotsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

aby (comparative mair aby, superlative maist aby)

  1. (Doric) ago, past