- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɒbdjʊɹət/, /ˈɒbdjʊɹɪt/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑːbdjʊɹɪt/, /ˈɑːbdʊɹɪt/
Audio (US) (file)
- Sometimes accented on the second syllable, especially by the older poets.
- Stubbornly persistent, generally in wrongdoing; refusing to reform or repent.
- The very custom of evil makes the heart obdurate against whatsoever instructions to the contrary.
- Art thou obdurate, flinty, hard as steel, / Nay, more than flint, for stone at rain relenteth?
- 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book I, lines 56–8
- ... round he throws his baleful eyes
- That witness'd huge affliction and dismay
- Mixt with obdurate pride and stedfast hate:
- 1818, Percy Bysshe Shelley,"The Revolt of Islam", canto 4, stanza 9, lines 1486-7:
- But custom maketh blind and obdurate
- The loftiest hearts.
2011 February 12, Les Roopanarine, “Birmingham 1 - 0 Stoke”, in BBC:
- An injury-time goal from Nikola Zigic against an obdurate Stoke side gave Birmingham back-to back Premier League wins for the first time in 14 months.
2017 September 7, Ferdinand Mount, “Umbrageousness”, in London Review of Books:
- What Tharoor dismisses as mere ‘positive by-products’ Lalvani sees as central to the India the British left behind: the botanic gardens, the forest conservancies, the Archaeological Survey of India (brainchild of the otherwise obdurate Curzon) and the free press.
- (obsolete) Physically hardened, toughened.
- (stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing): hardened, hard-hearted, impertinent, intractable, unrepentant, unyielding, recalcitrant
Stubbornly persistent, generally in wrongdoing; refusing to reform or repent
Physically hardened, toughened
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked