See also: Hart, HART, and hårt

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English hert, from Old English heorot (stag), from Proto-Germanic *herutaz (compare Dutch hert, German Hirsch, Danish/Norwegian/Swedish hjort), from Pre-Germanic *kerudos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóru (horn).

NounEdit

hart (plural harts)

  1. A male deer, especially the male of the red deer after his fifth year.
  2. A male red deer or one of related species.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See heart.

NounEdit

hart (plural harts)

  1. Obsolete spelling of heart

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch hart, from Middle Dutch herte, harte, from Old Dutch herta, from Proto-Germanic *hertô, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

NounEdit

hart (plural harte)

  1. heart

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch herte, harte, from Old Dutch herta, from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

NounEdit

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartje n)

  1. heart, main muscle pumping blood through the body:
  2. The center point or zone of an object, image etc.
  3. The core or essence of some thing, reasoning etc.
  4. Compassionate or similar feelings
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: hart
  • Negerhollands: hert, hart, hat

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartje n)

  1. (Northern) Archaic form of hert (deer).

FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

See harður (hard, loud)

AdjectiveEdit

hart (neuter of harður)

  1. hard
  2. loud

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French hart, from Old French hart, hard, a borrowing from Frankish *heʀdā.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hart f (plural harts)

  1. (archaic) cord, rope; halter (hangman's rope)

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German hart, Old High German hart, from Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī), from Proto-Germanic *harduz, from Proto-Indo-European kortús (strong; powerful). Cognate with Low German hard, hart, Dutch hard, English hard, Danish hård.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hart (comparative härter, superlative am härtesten)

  1. hard
  2. severe, harsh
    • 1981, “Polizisten”, performed by Extrabreit:
      Sie rauchen "Milde Sorte" / Weil–das Leben ist doch hart genug
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 2012 May 2, Die Welt, page 10:
      Die harten Einschnitte zum Schuldenabbau standen in vielen EU-Ländern im Zentrum der Kritik der Demonstranten.
      The severe cuts for the reduction of debt were in many EU countries at the center of criticism by the protesters.
  3. (figuratively) unmoved, cold, cruel
    • 1924, Thomas Mann, Der Zauberberg [The Magic Mountain], volume 1, Berlin: S. Fischer, page 528:
      Seit vier Jahren hier oben, war die Mittellose von harten Verwandten abhängig, die sie schon einmal, da sie doch sterben müsse, von hier fortgenommen und nur auf Einspruch des Hofrats wieder heraufgeschickt hatten.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

hart

  1. hard (with force or effort)
    Sie haben die ganze Woche hart gearbeitet.
    They worked hard all week.
  2. sharply, roughly, severely
  3. close (an (+ dative) to)

Further readingEdit

  • hart” in Duden online
  • hart” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

IcelandicEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hart

  1. neuter nominative/accusative of harður

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English heart.

NounEdit

hart m (genitive singular hairt, nominative plural hairt)

  1. (card games) heart
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

hart

  1. h-prothesized form of art

ReferencesEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch hart

AdjectiveEdit

hart

  1. hard (not soft)
  2. solid, sturdy
  3. hard, harsh, cruel

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


North FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian herte, from Proto-West Germanic *hertā. Cognates include West Frisian hert.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hart n (plural harten)

  1. (Mooring and Föhr-Amrum dialects) heart
    At hart klopet/böget.
    My heart is beating.

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī).

AdjectiveEdit

hart (comparative hardiro, superlative hardist)

  1. hard

InflectionEdit


DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • hart (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī), from Proto-Germanic *harduz, whence also Old Saxon hard, Old Dutch hart, Old English heard, Old Norse harðr, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌳𐌿𐍃 (hardus). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kert-, *kret- (strong; powerful).

AdjectiveEdit

hart

  1. hard

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old NorseEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hart

  1. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of harðr

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Härte, from Old High German hartī.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hart m inan

  1. strength, resilience, fortitude

Usage notesEdit

On its own, used mainly in the idiom hart ducha. Most of the derived terms are technical and refer to steel hardening.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • hart in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hart in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish hart, from Old Swedish harþer, from Old Norse harðr. Doublet of hård.

AdverbEdit

hart (not comparable)

  1. Only used in hart när

ReferencesEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian hert, from Proto-West Germanic *herut.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hart n (plural harten, diminutive hartsje)

  1. deer

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • hart (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011