See also: peón and péon

English

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Etymology

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From a combination of Middle French pion, peon and Spanish peón, both from Late Latin pedōnem (pedestrian). Doublet of pawn.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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peon (plural peons or peones)

  1. A lowly person; a peasant or serf; a labourer who is obliged to do menial work.
  2. (figurative) A person of low rank or importance.
  3. (India, historical) A messenger, foot soldier, or native policeman.
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Translations

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References

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  1. ^ peon, n.1.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2005.

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Hellenistic Ancient Greek παιωνία (paiōnía), from Ancient Greek Παιών (Paiṓn, Paean, physician of the gods)/παιών (paiṓn, a physician).

Noun

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peon m (definite singular peonen, indefinite plural peoner, definite plural peonene)

  1. a peony (genus Paeonia)

Derived terms

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References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Hellenistic Ancient Greek παιωνία (paiōnía), from Ancient Greek Παιών (Paiṓn, Paean, physician of the gods)/παιών (paiṓn, a physician).

Noun

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peon m (definite singular peonen, indefinite plural peonar, definite plural peonane)

  1. a peony (genus Paeonia)

References

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Old French

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Late Latin pedōnem (pedestrian).

Pronunciation

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  • (archaic) IPA(key): /pəˈðun/
  • (classical, late) IPA(key): /pəˈun/, /piˈun/, /paˈun/, /puˈun/

Noun

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peon oblique singularm (oblique plural peons, nominative singular peons, nominative plural peon)

  1. one who goes on foot; pedestrian
    (military) infantryman
    (chess) pawn

Descendants

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References

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.ɔn/
  • Rhymes: -ɛɔn
  • Syllabification: pe‧on

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Spanish peón, from Late Latin pedō.

Noun

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peon m pers

  1. (agriculture, historical) peon (lowly person; a peasant or serf; a labourer who is obliged to do menial work)
Declension
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Derived terms
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noun

Etymology 2

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Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek παιών (paiṓn).

Noun

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peon m inan

  1. (poetry) paeon (foot containing any pattern of three short syllables and one long syllable)
Declension
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Derived terms
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adjective

Further reading

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  • peon in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French péon or Spanish peon.

Noun

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peon m (plural peoni)

  1. peon

Declension

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Tagalog

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish peón, from Late Latin pedōnem (pedestrian), from Latin ped- (foot).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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peón (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒᜌᜓᜈ᜔)

  1. peon
  2. (chess) pawn

See also

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Chess pieces in Tagalog · mga piyesa sa ahedres (layout · text)
           
hari reyna tore obispo/alpil kabayo peon

Further reading

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  • peon”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018