From Proto-Italic *plāngō, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k-, *pleh₂g- (to strike).[1]

Cognate with Latin plēctō, Ancient Greek πλήσσω (plḗssō), Old Church Slavonic плакати (plakati), Dutch vloeken.



plangō (present infinitive plangere, perfect active plānxī, supine plānctum); third conjugation

  1. to strike, beat, flap (repeatedly or with a noise)
  2. (also mediopassive or with ) to beat the breast etc. as a sign of grief, desperation, fury
  3. (transitive) to bewail, lament for
    Synonyms: dēplōrō, ingemō, lūgeō, gemō, queror, conqueror, plōrō, fleō


   Conjugation of plangō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plangō plangis plangit plangimus plangitis plangunt
imperfect plangēbam plangēbās plangēbat plangēbāmus plangēbātis plangēbant
future plangam plangēs planget plangēmus plangētis plangent
perfect plānxī plānxistī plānxit plānximus plānxistis plānxērunt,
pluperfect plānxeram plānxerās plānxerat plānxerāmus plānxerātis plānxerant
future perfect plānxerō plānxeris plānxerit plānxerimus plānxeritis plānxerint
passive present plangor plangeris,
plangitur plangimur plangiminī planguntur
imperfect plangēbar plangēbāris,
plangēbātur plangēbāmur plangēbāminī plangēbantur
future plangar plangēris,
plangētur plangēmur plangēminī plangentur
perfect plānctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect plānctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect plānctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plangam plangās plangat plangāmus plangātis plangant
imperfect plangerem plangerēs plangeret plangerēmus plangerētis plangerent
perfect plānxerim plānxerīs plānxerit plānxerīmus plānxerītis plānxerint
pluperfect plānxissem plānxissēs plānxisset plānxissēmus plānxissētis plānxissent
passive present plangar plangāris,
plangātur plangāmur plangāminī plangantur
imperfect plangerer plangerēris,
plangerētur plangerēmur plangerēminī plangerentur
perfect plānctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect plānctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plange plangite
future plangitō plangitō plangitōte planguntō
passive present plangere plangiminī
future plangitor plangitor planguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives plangere plānxisse plānctūrum esse plangī plānctum esse plānctum īrī
participles plangēns plānctūrus plānctus plangendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
plangendī plangendō plangendum plangendō plānctum plānctū

Derived terms



  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “plangō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 469-70

Further reading

  • plango”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plango”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plango in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.