See also: plānus

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *plānos, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂-no-s (flattened), from *pleh₂-. Further related to Latin palma, planta, plautus, palam, palātum, and likely pellō.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

plānus (feminine plāna, neuter plānum, comparative planior, superlative planissimus, adverb plānē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. level, flat, even
    Synonym: aequus
    Antonyms: impār, inīquus
  2. intelligible, clear
DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative plānus plāna plānum plānī plānae plāna
Genitive plānī plānae plānī plānōrum plānārum plānōrum
Dative plānō plānō plānīs
Accusative plānum plānam plānum plānōs plānās plāna
Ablative plānō plānā plānō plānīs
Vocative plāne plāna plānum plānī plānae plāna
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Asturian: llanu, planu (borrowing)
  • Basque: lau
  • Catalan: pla
  • French: plan (borrowing), plain
  • Friulian: plan
  • Galician: chan, chá
  • Italian: piano

Etymology 2Edit

From Ancient Greek πλάνος (plános).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

planus m (genitive planī); second declension

  1. a tramp, hobo, vagabond, bum
  2. a cheat, impostor
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative planus planī
Genitive planī planōrum
Dative planō planīs
Accusative planum planōs
Ablative planō planīs
Vocative plane planī

ReferencesEdit

  • planus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • planus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • planus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • planus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • level country; plains: loca plana or simply plana