See also: Piano, pianó, piáno, and píanó

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Short form of pianoforte, from Italian pianoforte, from piano (soft) + forte (strong). So named because it could produce a wide range of varied volumes note-by-note, in contrast to older keyboard instruments, notably the harpsichord. Doublet of llano, plain, and plane.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US, Canada) IPA(key): /piˈænoʊ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /piˈænəʊ/
  • (obsolete, nonstandard) IPA(key): /paɪˈænoʊ/[1]
  • (file)

NounEdit

piano (plural pianos)

  1. (music) a percussive keyboard musical instrument, usually ranging over seven octaves, with white and black colored keys, played by pressing these keys, causing hammers to strike strings [from 1803]
    Synonym: (dated) pianoforte
    The piano in his house takes up a lot of space.
    She has been taking lessons for many years and now plays piano very well.
    Coordinate terms: cembalo, clavichord, fortepiano, harpsichord, organ, synthesizer, synth
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

piano (third-person singular simple present pianos, present participle pianoing, simple past and past participle pianoed)

  1. To play the piano.
    • 1967, Harry F. Chaplin, A McCrae Miscellany, page 41:
      Anyhow I pianoed to my own ear, and had no thought at that time for an audience.
    • 1978, Bertha Harris, Confessions of Cherubino, page 96:
      Who comforted me with Madeleines and lime tea, with whipped cream in my cocoa in far off Ann Arbor while others selfishly fiddled, bassooned, pianoed only for their own ugly self-advancement!
    • 2008, John Gruen, Callas Kissed Me...Lenny Too!, page 138:
      John Ashbery, Kenneth Koch, Arnold Weinstein, and others came to the house, taping their poems as I pianoed and zithered and drummed away.
    • 2020, Becky Manawatu, Auē, page 139:
      We guitared and drummed and head banged and pianoed.
  2. (of or with fingers) To move (the fingers) up and down on, similar to the motions of a pianist playing the piano.
    • 2013, Ann Blair Kloman, A Diamond to Die For, page 29:
      He just stared at her, leaned back in his chair and pianoed his fingers along the tablecloth.
    • 2017, Kim Michele Richardson, The Sisters of Glass Ferry:
      “Jean, it ain't right how you separated those two,” he said, and pianoed the little coffin with his fingers, tapping out his grievance.
    • 2020, Simon Lelic, The Search Party:
      The superintendent pianoed his fingers on the surface of a nearby desk.
    • 2021, Emilya Naymark, Hide in Place:
      Holly pianoed her fingers over her throat.
  3. To equip with a piano.
    • 1889, The Engineering Record, Building Record and Sanitary Engineer, page 128:
      Other buildings will also be erected and pianoed by the same architect.
    • 1892, The Japan Daily Mail - Volume 18, page 772:
      A tabernacle has been built, burnt, rebuilt, electric lighted, organed, pianoed, and frequently filled — all during the last two years.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meredith, L. P. (1872), “Piano”, in Every-Day Errors of Speech, Philadelphia: J.P. Lippincott & Co., page 35.

Etymology 2Edit

From Italian piano.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

 
Piano notation.

piano (not comparable)

  1. (music) softly, as a musical direction (abbreviated to p. in sheet music) [from 17th c.]
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

piano (comparative more piano, superlative most piano)

  1. (music) soft, quiet
  2. in extended use; quiet, subdued
    • 1977, John Le Carré, The Honourable Schoolboy, Folio Society 2010, page 160:
      Tradecraft, Chris,’ Enderby put in, who liked his bit of jargon, and Martindale, still piano, shot him a glance of admiration.

VerbEdit

piano (third-person singular simple present pianos, present participle pianoing, simple past and past participle pianoed)

  1. To become softer and less intense.
    • 1839, Rosina Doyle Bulwer afterwards Bulwer Lytton (Baroness Lytton.), Cheveley; Or, The Man of Honour, page 385:
      “You know, Mrs. Wrigglechops,” pianoed Miss Drucilla , even more meekly and mildly than before, "the ace is either one or eleven."
    • 2000, David R. Beasley, Aspects of Love: Three novellas, page 83:
      His tone pianoed on intimacy.
    • 2009, David Lau, Virgil and the Mountain Cat, page 61:
      A day pianoed, swelled acutest, pianoed.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano f (indefinite plural piano, definite singular pianoja, definite plural pianot)

  1. (music) piano

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic пиано
Perso-Arabic

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Italian piano.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano (definite accusative pianonu, plural pianolar)

  1. (music) piano

DeclensionEdit

    Declension of piano
singular plural
nominative piano
pianolar
definite accusative pianonu
pianoları
dative pianoya
pianolara
locative pianoda
pianolarda
ablative pianodan
pianolardan
definite genitive pianonun
pianoların
    Possessive forms of piano
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) pianom pianolarım
sənin (your) pianon pianoların
onun (his/her/its) pianosu pianoları
bizim (our) pianomuz pianolarımız
sizin (your) pianonuz pianolarınız
onların (their) pianosu or pianoları pianoları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) pianomu pianolarımı
sənin (your) pianonu pianolarını
onun (his/her/its) pianosunu pianolarını
bizim (our) pianomuzu pianolarımızı
sizin (your) pianonuzu pianolarınızı
onların (their) pianosunu or pianolarını pianolarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) pianoma pianolarıma
sənin (your) pianona pianolarına
onun (his/her/its) pianosuna pianolarına
bizim (our) pianomuza pianolarımıza
sizin (your) pianonuza pianolarınıza
onların (their) pianosuna or pianolarına pianolarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) pianomda pianolarımda
sənin (your) pianonda pianolarında
onun (his/her/its) pianosunda pianolarında
bizim (our) pianomuzda pianolarımızda
sizin (your) pianonuzda pianolarınızda
onların (their) pianosunda or pianolarında pianolarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) pianomdan pianolarımdan
sənin (your) pianondan pianolarından
onun (his/her/its) pianosundan pianolarından
bizim (our) pianomuzdan pianolarımızdan
sizin (your) pianonuzdan pianolarınızdan
onların (their) pianosundan or pianolarından pianolarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) pianomun pianolarımın
sənin (your) pianonun pianolarının
onun (his/her/its) pianosunun pianolarının
bizim (our) pianomuzun pianolarımızın
sizin (your) pianonuzun pianolarınızın
onların (their) pianosunun or pianolarının pianolarının

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano m (plural pianos)

  1. (music) piano

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian piano.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɪjano], [ˈpɪjaːno]
  • Hyphenation: pia‧no

NounEdit

piano n

  1. (music) piano
    Synonyms: klavír, klimpr

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • piano in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • piano in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French piano, from Italian piano, shortening of pianoforte.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano f or n (plural piano's, diminutive pianootje n)

  1. (music) piano
    Synonym: pianoforte

Derived termsEdit


EsperantoEdit

 
Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano (accusative singular pianon, plural pianoj, accusative plural pianojn)

  1. (music) piano

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian piano.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpiɑno/, [ˈpiɑno̞]
  • Rhymes: -iɑno
  • Syllabification(key): pi‧a‧no

NounEdit

piano

  1. (music) piano

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of piano (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative piano pianot
genitive pianon pianojen
partitive pianoa pianoja
illative pianoon pianoihin
singular plural
nominative piano pianot
accusative nom. piano pianot
gen. pianon
genitive pianon pianojen
partitive pianoa pianoja
inessive pianossa pianoissa
elative pianosta pianoista
illative pianoon pianoihin
adessive pianolla pianoilla
ablative pianolta pianoilta
allative pianolle pianoille
essive pianona pianoina
translative pianoksi pianoiksi
instructive pianoin
abessive pianotta pianoitta
comitative pianoineen
Possessive forms of piano (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person pianoni pianomme
2nd person pianosi pianonne
3rd person pianonsa

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian piano. Doublet of plain and plan.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano m (plural pianos)

  1. (music) piano
    Il joue du piano avec compétence.
    He plays the piano competently.
    • 1986, “Il était une fois … une maison des musiciens [There Once Was… a House of Musicians]”, in Il était une fois … une petite grenouille [There Once Was… a Little Frog] (fiction), Paris: CLE International:
      Je n’aime pas le piano. Je préfère le football.
      Hein ! Quoi ! Et tu me dis ça à moi, le grand professeur Trompette ? Tiens ! Répète ta leçon cinq fois ! Non, dix fois !
      Je déteste le piano !
      I don’t like the piano. I like football more.
      Huh? What? And you’re telling that to me, the great professor Trumpet? Alright then! Repeat what you’ve learned five times! No, ten times!
      I hate the piano!

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin plānus, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂-.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

piano (feminine piana, masculine plural piani, feminine plural piane, superlative pianissimo)

  1. plane
  2. flat, level
    Synonym: piatto
  3. plain
  4. soft
    Antonym: forte
  5. penultimate accented
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

piano m (plural piani)

  1. plane
  2. floor, storey (British), story (US) (of a building)
  3. plan, tactic, stratagem, scheme, plot
  4. (music) piano, as short for pianoforte
SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

piano (superlative pianissimo)

  1. slowly
  2. carefully
  3. (music) piano
Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • piano1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • piano2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • piano3 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2Edit

From Pio +‎ -ano.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /piˈa.no/
  • Rhymes: -ano
  • Hyphenation: pi‧à‧no

AdjectiveEdit

piano (feminine piana, masculine plural piani, feminine plural piane)

  1. (relational) of any of the popes named Pius; Pian

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpi.a.no/
  • Rhymes: -iano
  • Hyphenation: pì‧a‧no

VerbEdit

piano

  1. third-person plural present indicative of piare (to chirp, to cheep)

AnagramsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

piano

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ピアノ

MalayEdit

NounEdit

piano (Jawi spelling ڤيانو‎, plural piano-piano, informal 1st possessive pianoku, 2nd possessive pianomu, 3rd possessive pianonya)

  1. piano

Further readingEdit


MarshalleseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English piano, short form of pianoforte, from Italian pianoforte, from piano (soft) + forte (strong). The Italian word piano is from Latin plānus, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂-.

PronunciationEdit

  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [pʲiɑːnʲɔ], (enunciated) [pʲiɑ nʲɔ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /pʲijæɰnʲɛw/
  • Bender phonemes: {piyahnew}

NounEdit

piano (construct form pianoin)

  1. a piano

VerbEdit

piano (person noun ri-piano)

  1. to play the piano

ReferencesEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English piano and French piano.

NounEdit

piano m (plural pianos)

  1. (Jersey, music) piano

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

NounEdit

piano n (definite singular pianoet, indefinite plural piano or pianoer, definite plural pianoa or pianoene)

  1. (music) piano

Related termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

NounEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

piano n (definite singular pianoet, indefinite plural piano, definite plural pianoa)

  1. (music) piano

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano f

  1. vocative singular of piana

PortugueseEdit

 
piano

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Italian piano,[1] short form of pianoforte. Doublet of plano, chão, and porão.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /piˈɐ̃.nu/ [pɪˈɐ̃.nu]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /piˈɐ.no/ [pɪˈɐ.no]

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -ɐnu, (Brazil) -ɐ̃nu
  • Hyphenation: pi‧a‧no

AdjectiveEdit

piano

  1. piano

AdverbEdit

piano

  1. (music) piano, soft
  2. (music) piano, slowly

NounEdit

piano m (plural pianos)

  1. (music) piano

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Hunsrik: Piano

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ piano” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2022.

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from Italian piano.

AdverbEdit

piano

  1. piano

SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

piano

  1. musical directive to play softly

NounEdit

piano m (genitive singular piana, nominative plural pianá, genitive plural pián, declension pattern of mesto)

  1. (music) piano
    Synonym: klavír
  2. a very soft sound

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • piano in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of pianoforte.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano m (plural pianos)

  1. (music) piano

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

piano n

  1. (music) piano

DeclensionEdit

Declension of piano 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative piano pianot pianon pianona
Genitive pianos pianots pianons pianonas

See alsoEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

piano

  1. (music) piano

InflectionEdit

Inflection of piano
nominative sing. piano
genitive sing. pianon
partitive sing. pianod
partitive plur. pianoid
singular plural
nominative piano pianod
accusative pianon pianod
genitive pianon pianoiden
partitive pianod pianoid
essive-instructive pianon pianoin
translative pianoks pianoikš
inessive pianos pianoiš
elative pianospäi pianoišpäi
illative ? pianoihe
adessive pianol pianoil
ablative pianolpäi pianoilpäi
allative pianole pianoile
abessive pianota pianoita
comitative pianonke pianoidenke
prolative pianodme pianoidme
approximative I pianonno pianoidenno
approximative II pianonnoks pianoidennoks
egressive pianonnopäi pianoidennopäi
terminative I ? pianoihesai
terminative II pianolesai pianoilesai
terminative III pianossai
additive I ? pianoihepäi
additive II pianolepäi pianoilepäi

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “пианино”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika