DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpleːɣə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ple‧gen
  • Rhymes: -eːɣən

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch plien, later plēgen, originally a class 4 strong verb. Presumably from Old Dutch *plian, from Proto-West Germanic *plehan (to vouch for). However, the form plegan already occurs in Old Dutch with -g-, and likewise for Old Saxon plegan and Old High German pflegan, so it is not certain what the exact relationship between the words is.

VerbEdit

plegen

  1. to do (something) habitually, customarily
    Mijn grootvader pleegt na het middageten een pijp te roken.
    My grandfather usually smokes a pipe after lunch.
  2. to usually happen
    Op onze wandelvakanties placht het vaak te regenen.
    On our trekking holidays, it often rained.
InflectionEdit
Inflection of plegen (weak with past in -cht)
infinitive plegen
past singular placht
past participle geplacht
infinitive plegen
gerund plegen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular pleeg placht
2nd person sing. (jij) pleegt placht
2nd person sing. (u) pleegt placht
2nd person sing. (gij) pleegt placht
3rd person singular pleegt placht
plural plegen plachten
subjunctive sing.1 plege plachte
subjunctive plur.1 plegen plachten
imperative sing. pleeg
imperative plur.1 pleegt
participles plegend geplacht
1) Archaic.

Note: geplogen is also used instead of geplacht

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the same origin as above. The formation of the weak past occurred in early modern Dutch.

VerbEdit

plegen

  1. (transitive) to commit (a crime)
  2. (transitive, dated) to care for
    Synonyms: verplegen, verzorgen
InflectionEdit
Inflection of plegen (weak)
infinitive plegen
past singular pleegde
past participle gepleegd
infinitive plegen
gerund plegen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular pleeg pleegde
2nd person sing. (jij) pleegt pleegde
2nd person sing. (u) pleegt pleegde
2nd person sing. (gij) pleegt pleegde
3rd person singular pleegt pleegde
plural plegen pleegden
subjunctive sing.1 plege pleegde
subjunctive plur.1 plegen pleegden
imperative sing. pleeg
imperative plur.1 pleegt
participles plegend gepleegd
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: pleeg

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Presumably from earlier plien, and thus from Old Dutch *plian, from Proto-West Germanic *plehan (to vouch for). However, the form plegan already occurs in Old Dutch with -g-, and likewise for Old Saxon plegan and Old High German pflegan, so it is not certain what the exact relationship between the words is.

VerbEdit

plēgen

  1. to care for
  2. to carry out, to do, to engage in
  3. to do habitually
  4. to use

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit