See also: Lues and lũes

English

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Etymology 1

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From Latin lues (plague).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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lues (uncountable)

  1. (dated, medicine) A plague or disease, especially syphilis.
    • 1819 July 15, [Lord Byron], Don Juan, London: [] Thomas Davison, [], →OCLC, canto I, (please specify the stanza number):
      And which in ravage the more loathsome evil is— / Their real lues, or our pseudo-syphilis?
    • 1983, Lawrence Durrell, Sebastian (Avignon Quintet), Faber & Faber, published 2004, page 1031:
      There seemed to be no history of lues or any other family illness in the background.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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See lue.

Verb

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lues

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative of lue

Anagrams

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Balinese

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Romanization

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lues

  1. Romanization of ᬮᬸᬯᭂᬲ᭄

Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin luēs (plague), from Latin luere (to loose, release, atone for). Compare luxace (luxation).[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈluɛs]
  • Hyphenation: lu‧es

Noun

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lues f or m inan (indeclinable)

  1. (medicine) syphilis [from 20th c.]
    Synonym: syfilis
    • 1929, Karel Čapek, “Zmizení herce Bendy”, in Povídky z jedné kapsy[1]:
      „A co,“ vzpomněl si úředník, „dluhy neměl?“
      „Ne,“ řekl honem doktor, „on sice Jan Benda měl dluhů jako kvítí, ale nebral je nikdy tragicky.“
      „Nebo… řekněme nějaký osobní skandál… nešťastnou lásku, nebo lues, nebo vůbec nějakou větší starost?“
      „Pokud vím, nic,“ mínil doktor Goldberg váhavě[…]
      "And what about," remembered the official "debts, did he have any?"
      "No," answered the doctor quickly, "Jan Benda had lots of debts, but he never took them tragically."
      "Or… let's say some personal scandal… unhappy love, or syphilis, or some kind of a big problem?"
      "Nothing, as far as I know," said doctor Goldberg hesitantly […]

Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Rejzek, Jiří (2015) “lues”, in Český etymologický slovník [Czech Etymological Dictionary] (in Czech), 3rd (revised and expanded) edition, Praha: LEDA, →ISBN, page 388

Further reading

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  • lues in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lues in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Anagrams

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Danish

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Noun

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lues c

  1. indefinite genitive singular of lue

Finnish

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Etymology

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Ultimately from Latin lues.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈlues/, [ˈlue̞s̠]
  • Rhymes: -ues
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧es

Noun

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lues

  1. syphilis
    Synonyms: kuppa, kuppatauti, syfilis, (historical) huovintauti

Declension

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Inflection of lues (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative lues luekset
genitive lueksen luesten
lueksien
partitive luesta lueksia
illative luekseen lueksiin
singular plural
nominative lues luekset
accusative nom. lues luekset
gen. lueksen
genitive lueksen luesten
lueksien
partitive luesta lueksia
inessive lueksessa lueksissa
elative lueksesta lueksista
illative luekseen lueksiin
adessive lueksella lueksilla
ablative luekselta lueksilta
allative luekselle lueksille
essive lueksena lueksina
translative luekseksi lueksiksi
abessive lueksetta lueksitta
instructive lueksin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of lues (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative luekseni luekseni
accusative nom. luekseni luekseni
gen. luekseni
genitive luekseni luesteni
lueksieni
partitive luestani lueksiani
inessive lueksessani lueksissani
elative lueksestani lueksistani
illative luekseeni lueksiini
adessive lueksellani lueksillani
ablative luekseltani lueksiltani
allative luekselleni lueksilleni
essive lueksenani lueksinani
translative lueksekseni lueksikseni
abessive lueksettani lueksittani
instructive
comitative lueksineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lueksesi lueksesi
accusative nom. lueksesi lueksesi
gen. lueksesi
genitive lueksesi luestesi
lueksiesi
partitive luestasi lueksiasi
inessive lueksessasi lueksissasi
elative lueksestasi lueksistasi
illative luekseesi lueksiisi
adessive lueksellasi lueksillasi
ablative luekseltasi lueksiltasi
allative lueksellesi lueksillesi
essive lueksenasi lueksinasi
translative luekseksesi lueksiksesi
abessive lueksettasi lueksittasi
instructive
comitative lueksinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lueksemme lueksemme
accusative nom. lueksemme lueksemme
gen. lueksemme
genitive lueksemme luestemme
lueksiemme
partitive luestamme lueksiamme
inessive lueksessamme lueksissamme
elative lueksestamme lueksistamme
illative luekseemme lueksiimme
adessive lueksellamme lueksillamme
ablative luekseltamme lueksiltamme
allative lueksellemme lueksillemme
essive lueksenamme lueksinamme
translative luekseksemme lueksiksemme
abessive lueksettamme lueksittamme
instructive
comitative lueksinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lueksenne lueksenne
accusative nom. lueksenne lueksenne
gen. lueksenne
genitive lueksenne luestenne
lueksienne
partitive luestanne lueksianne
inessive lueksessanne lueksissanne
elative lueksestanne lueksistanne
illative luekseenne lueksiinne
adessive lueksellanne lueksillanne
ablative luekseltanne lueksiltanne
allative lueksellenne lueksillenne
essive lueksenanne lueksinanne
translative luekseksenne lueksiksenne
abessive lueksettanne lueksittanne
instructive
comitative lueksinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative lueksensa lueksensa
accusative nom. lueksensa lueksensa
gen. lueksensa
genitive lueksensa luestensa
lueksiensa
partitive luestaan
luestansa
lueksiaan
lueksiansa
inessive lueksessaan
lueksessansa
lueksissaan
lueksissansa
elative lueksestaan
lueksestansa
lueksistaan
lueksistansa
illative luekseensa lueksiinsa
adessive lueksellaan
lueksellansa
lueksillaan
lueksillansa
ablative luekseltaan
luekseltansa
lueksiltaan
lueksiltansa
allative luekselleen
lueksellensa
lueksilleen
lueksillensa
essive lueksenaan
lueksenansa
lueksinaan
lueksinansa
translative lueksekseen
luekseksensa
lueksikseen
lueksiksensa
abessive lueksettaan
lueksettansa
lueksittaan
lueksittansa
instructive
comitative lueksineen
lueksinensa

Further reading

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French

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Pronunciation

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Participle

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lues f pl

  1. feminine plural of lu

Anagrams

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Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

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From Dutch lues (syphilis), from Latin luēs (plague), from Latin luere (to loose, release, atone for).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /lu.es/
  • Hyphenation: lu‧és

Noun

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lués (first-person possessive luesku, second-person possessive luesmu, third-person possessive luesnya)

  1. syphilis
    Synonyms: raja singa, sifilis

Further reading

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Latin

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Etymology

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Perhaps from luō (wash) or from Proto-Indo-European *lew- (dirt, mud) (cognate with λῦμα (lûma, dirt) and Old Irish loth (mud)).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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luēs f sg (genitive luis); third declension

  1. plague, pestilence, epidemic
  2. (figuratively) plague, misfortune
  3. (New Latin) a disease, chiefly syphilis

Declension

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Third-declension noun (i-stem), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative luēs
Genitive luis
Dative luī
Accusative luem
Ablative lue
Vocative luēs

Verb

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luēs

  1. second-person singular future active indicative of luō

References

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  • lues1”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lues”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lues in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • luēs” on page 1154/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd ed., 2012)

Luxembourgish

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Etymology

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From Middle High German los, from Old High German *los, variant of lōs (loose; free; lacking; sly, deceitful). Compare for the short vowel Ripuarian Central Franconian loss, Dutch los. The uninflected stem of this adjective develops regularly into Luxembourgish lass, while the inflected stem yields lues. See the English cognate loose for more.

Semantically the above adjective was likely merged with Old High German līso (weak; slow; quiet), for which compare German leise (quiet). Such semantic interaction of the two words is corroborated by Ripuarian loss and lies, both of which have a dated sense “weakly salted, lacking salt”.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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lues (masculine luesen, neuter luest, comparative méi lues, superlative am luesten)

  1. quiet
  2. slow

Declension

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Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Lues.

Noun

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lues n (uncountable)

  1. syphilis

Declension

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Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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From Latin lues.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /lǔes/
  • Hyphenation: lu‧es

Noun

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lùes m (Cyrillic spelling лу̀ес)

  1. lues

Declension

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References

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  • lues” in Hrvatski jezični portal