From Middle English promulgaten, from Latin prōmulgātus, past participle of prōmulgō (“I make known, publish”), either from provulgō (“I make known, publish”), from pro (“forth”) + vulgō (“I publish”), or from mulgeō (“I bring forth”, literally “I milk”). Compare promulge.
promulgate (third-person singular simple present promulgates, present participle promulgating, simple past and past participle promulgated)
- (transitive) To make known or public.
- c. 1603–1604 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Othello, the Moore of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene ii]:
- ’Tis yet to know, / Which when I know, that boaſting is an Honour, / I ſhall promulgate. I fetch by life and being, / From Men of Royall Seige.
- 1784 November 6, William Cowper, “Tirocinium: Or, A Review of Schools”, in Poems, page 303:
- Prieſts have invented, and the world admir’d / What knaviſh prieſts promulgate as inſpir’d ; / ’Till reaſon, now no longer overaw’d, / Reſumes her pow’rs, and ſpurns the clumſy fraud ; / And, common-ſenſe diffuſing real day, / The meteor of the goſpel dies away !
- (transitive) To put into effect as a regulation.
- 1881 June 7, William Stubbs, “The Reign of Henry VIII”, in Seventeen Lectures on the Study of Medieval and Modern History and Kindred Subjects, Oxford: Clarendon Press, published 1887, page 293:
- […] the Statute of Uses was delayed until 1536 and the Statute of Wills until 1540, but both statutes were promulgated in 1532, and formed part of a policy which we may compare, not favourably, with the of Edward I […]
- Synonyms: carry out, execute, implement, put into effect
- Antonym: abrogate
This verb is often incorrectly used in the sense of "propagate", "promote", or "disseminate". The verb "promulgate" does not have those senses.
- (to make known or public): See also Thesaurus:announce
to make known public
to put into effect as a regulation
- ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “promulgate”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- “promulgate”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “promulgate”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- promulgate at OneLook Dictionary Search
- adverbial present passive participle of promulgar
- inflection of promulgare:
promulgate f pl
- (Classical) IPA(key): /proː.mulˈɡaː.te/, [proːmʊɫ̪ˈɡäːt̪ɛ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /pro.mulˈɡa.te/, [promulˈɡäːt̪e]
- second-person singular voseo imperative of promulgar combined with te