rampant

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English rampand, rampend, present participle of rampen (to rise by climbing, shoot up, sprout, sty, ascend), from Old French ramper (to creep, climb) (see below), equivalent to ramp +‎ -and or ramp +‎ -ant. Recorded since 1382, "standing on the hind legs" (as in heraldry), later, "fierce, ravenous" (1387). Compare Scots rampand (rampant).

Alternatively from Middle English *rampant, from Old French rampant, the present participle of ramper (to creep, climb), equivalent to ramp +‎ -ant. Old French ramper derives from Frankish *rampōn, *hrampōn (to hook, grapple, climb), from *rampa, *hrampa (hook, claw, talon), from Proto-Germanic *hrempaną (to curve, shrivel, shrink, wrinkle).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹæm.pənt/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æmpənt

AdjectiveEdit

rampant (comparative more rampant, superlative most rampant)

  1. (originally) Rearing on both hind legs with the forelegs extended.
    The Vienna riding school displays splendid rampant movement.
  2. (heraldry) Rearing up, especially on its hind leg(s), with a foreleg raised and in profile.
    • 1846, Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado
      ‘I forget your coat of arms.’
      ‘A human foot d’or, in a field azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are imbedded in the heel.’
    • 1892, Thomas Hardy, The Well-Beloved
      little pieces of moustache on his upper lip, like a pair of minnows rampant
  3. (architecture) Tilted, said of an arch with one side higher than the other, or a vault whose two abutments are located on an inclined plane.
  4. Unrestrained or unchecked, usually in a negative manner.
    Weeds are rampant in any neglected garden.
    • 2012 March 1, William E. Carter, Merri Sue Carter, “The British Longitude Act Reconsidered”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 87:
      Conditions were horrendous aboard most British naval vessels at the time. Scurvy and other diseases ran rampant, killing more seamen each year than all other causes combined, including combat.
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "Man City 4-1 Man Utd", BBC Sport, 22 September 2013:
      In contrast to the despair of his opposite number, it was a day of delight for new City boss Manuel Pellegrini as he watched the rampant Blues make a powerful statement about their Premier League ambitions.
  5. Rife, or occurring widely, frequently or menacingly.
    There was rampant corruption in the city.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdverbEdit

rampant (comparative more rampant, superlative most rampant)

  1. (informal, nonstandard) Rampantly.
    Things seem to be running rampant around here lately.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

ParticipleEdit

rampant

  1. present participle of ramper

AdjectiveEdit

rampant (feminine rampante, masculine plural rampants, feminine plural rampantes)

  1. (heraldry) rampant
  2. (architecture) tilted
  3. humbly inclined
  4. (botany) extending over the ground rather than climbing upward
  5. (literature) base; common
  6. (military) stranded on the ground as opposed to flying staff

Further readingEdit


Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rampant m (oblique and nominative feminine singular rampant or rampante)

  1. (heraldry) rampant

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: rampant
  • French: rampant

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French rampant.

AdjectiveEdit

rampant m or n (feminine singular rampantă, masculine plural rampanți, feminine and neuter plural rampante)

  1. rampant

DeclensionEdit