From Ottoman Turkish سنجاق (sancâk, “subdivision of a vilayet”, literally “flag, banner”).
sanjak (plural sanjaks)
- (politics) A district, a prefecture, particularly (historical) a second-level administrative division of the Ottoman Empire. [from 16th c.]
- 1973, Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow:
- This lymphatic monster had once blocked the distinguished pharynx of Lord Blatherard Osmo, who at the time occupied the Novy Pazar desk at the Foreign Office, an obscure penance for the previous century of British policy on the Eastern Question, for on this obscure sanjak had once hinged the entire fate of Europe.
- (historical, inexact, obsolete) Synonym of sanjakbey: the officer supervising a sanjak. [16th–19th c.]
- 1630, John Smith, True Travels, in Kupperman 1988, p. 45:
an administrative region under the Ottoman Empire
- “sanjak, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2022.
Derived from Arabic سـجـع (sajʿ, “rhymed prose”).
- Thurgood, Graham (1999) From Ancient Cham to Modern Dialects: Two Thousand Years of Language Contact and Change, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.