Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From sa- +‎ prast(to know how, to be able to). The meaning of this word stabilized during the 19th century; before that, it could often mean the same as prast: “to know how,” “to be able to.”[1]

VerbEdit

saprast tr., 1st conj., pres. saprotu, saproti, saprot, past sapratu

  1. to understand (to perceive something by using concepts, notions, judgments in one's mind)
    saprast mākslas darbus‎ ― to understand works of art
    saprast drauga pārdzīvojumus‎ ― to understand a friend's experiences
    saprast sabiedrības attistības virzību‎ ― to understand the development path of society
  2. to understand (to know, to grasp the meaning of something, what someone means)
    saprast dažus vārdus angļu valodā‎ ― to understand a few words in English
    saprast žestu‎ ― to understand a gesture
    Eiropa mūs nesapratīs‎ ― Europe won't understand us
    viņš sveicināja un sacīja kaut ko, bet neviens viņa nesaprata, jo viņš nerunā latviski‎ ― he saluted and said something, but nobody understood him, because he doesn't speak Latvian
    ar vārdu “zeme” saprotam mēs daudz‎ ― by (lit. with) the word “earth” we understand (= mean) a lot

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “prast”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7