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See also: jus, JUs, Jus, ĵus, and jus'

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *yu-, from Proto-Indo-European *yu- (you (pl.)). The non-nominative forms were re-formed, following the paradigm of u-stems: a new accusative *júns > jūs, a new genitive *jūsōn > jūsu (cf. Old Prussian iouson), and a new dative *jūmus > *jumus > jums. Cognates include Lithuanian jūs, Old Prussian ioūs, iaūs, Gothic 𐌾𐌿𐍃 (jus), Sanskrit यूयम् (yūyam) (< *yūš-).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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PronounEdit

jūs

  1. you; accusative plural form of jūs

jūs (personal, 2nd person plural)

  1. you; second-person pronoun, referring to the addressee and other people
    kur jūs, zēni, bijāt?where, boys, were you?
    steidzieties, jūs jau gaida!hurry up, they are already waiting for you!
    kurš no jums ir vecāks: Birkenbaums, Gulbis vai Jānis?which of you is the oldest: Birkenbaums, Gulbis, or Jānis?
    esat, Birutiņ, un tu, Ansi... esat mani bērni, tikai es neesmu jūsu īstais tēvsyou are, Birutiņa, and you, Ansis... you
  2. (formal) you; second-person pronoun, referring to the adressee, singular or plural, to show polite respect; often capitalized
    būt uz jūs (ar kādu), uzrunāt (kādu) ar jūsto be on jūs (with someone), to address (someone) with, as jūs
    (Ilga:) āgrāk jūs tā nerunājāt... (Marts:) jūs toreiz bijāt maza meitene un nekā nesapratāt(Ilga:) you, sir, didn't talk like that before... (Marts:) you, madam, were then a small girl and didn't understand anyhting
    pateicos par Jūsu palīdzībuI thank (you) for your help
    Kalniņa kungs, vai Jums šis jautājums ir skaidrs?Mr Kalniņš, is this question clear to you?

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “jūs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

LithuanianEdit

PronounEdit

jūs

  1. (second-person singular, formal) you
  2. (second-person plural) you

DeclensionEdit


Old PrussianEdit

PronounEdit

jūs

  1. you, the second person plural pronoun