From Middle English juggement, borrowed from Old French jugement, from Late Latin iūdicāmentum, from Latin iūdicō. Displaced native doom.
Morphologically judge + -ment
judgment (countable and uncountable, plural judgments)
- The act of judging.
1962 December, “Dr. Beeching previews the plan for British Railways”, in Modern Railways, page 376:
The key to the situation was judgment of the role the railways could play in modern times.
- The power or faculty of performing such operations; especially, when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely
- a man of judgment
- a politician without judgment
c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “A Midsommer Nights Dreame”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i]:
Hermia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes. Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment look.
- The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.
- (law) The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge.
- 1650, Jeremy Taylor, The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living
- In judgments between the Rich and the Poor: it is not to be considered what the poor man needs, but what is his own
c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
- Most heartily I do beseech the court To give the judgment.
- (theology) The final award; the last sentence.
See Judgment: Spelling for discussion of spelling usage of judgment versus judgement. Briefly, the form without the -e is preferred in American English, and in law globally, while the form with the -e is preferred in non-legal use in Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South African English.
Like abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment, judgment is sometimes written with ‘British’ spellings in American English, as judgement (respectively, abridgement, acknowledgement, and lodgement).
The British spelling preserves the rule that G can only be soft while preceding an E, I, or Y.
power or faculty of making a judgment
conclusion or result of judging
(law) act of determining what is conformable to law
(theology) final award; the last sentence
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked