AromanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin .

PronounEdit

tu

  1. (second-person singular pronoun) you
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compare tru.

PrepositionEdit

tu

  1. in
  2. into
SynonymsEdit

AsturianEdit

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you (second-person singular pronoun)

BretonEdit

NounEdit

tu m

  1. side

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tu.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you (singular); thou
  2. one (singular) (impersonal)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

tu

  1. (informal) here

PronounEdit

tu

  1. Feminine accusative singular of ten

EweEdit

NounEdit

tu (plural tuwo)

  1. gun

VerbEdit

tu

  1. to build
  2. to close
  3. to crush
  4. to grind
  5. to meet
  6. to untie

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French tu, from Latin tu, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu (second person singular, possessive adjective ton)

  1. you (singular); thou

InflectionEdit

  • Nominative: tu
  • Emphatic: toi
  • Oblique: te

Usage notesEdit

  • When more pronouns are included in the same sentence, it is considered impolite to say the pronoun je at first, it must be the last one, and tu must be said after absent (this applies also for toi and moi):
    • Nous irons, Rose, toi et moi, "Rose, you and I will go".

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • vous (plural form and polite singular form)
  • t' (proclitic form)

VerbEdit

tu m (feminine tue, masculine plural tus, feminine plural tues)

  1. past participle of taire

ParticleEdit

tu

  1. (Quebec, informal) question marker
    C'est-tu possible ?
    Is it possible ?

AnagramsEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tu, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you

See alsoEdit


GaulishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *tū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronounEdit

  1. you (singular); thou

InflectionEdit

Number Singular Plural
Nominative suīs
Accusative te suīs
Genitive tou suesron
Dative toi umē
Ablative te ume
Instrumental toi  ?
Locative toi umē

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

tu

  1. Imperative singular of tun.

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you (singular, informal), thou

InterlinguaEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin and common Romance tu.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu (second person singular)

  1. you (singular); thou

InflectionEdit

subject tu
object te
reflexive te
possessive tu, tue

DeterminerEdit

tu

  1. (possessive) your

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tu, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu (second person singular)

  1. you (singular); thou

InflectionEdit

nominative tu
prepositional te
object, reflexive ti
possessive il tuo, la tua, i tuoi, le tue;
tuo, tua, tuoi, tue (see your for more information)

See alsoEdit

  • Lei (polite singular form)
  • Loro (polite plural form)
  • voi (plural and polite singular form)

KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Compare Persian تو (to), Pashto ته (), Avestan 𐬙𐬏𐬨 (tūm).

PronounEdit

tu (second person singular)

  1. you (singular); thou

InflectionEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *tū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognates include Ancient Greek σύ (), Sanskrit त्वम् (tvám), Old English þū, Old Persian 𐎬𐎺𐎶 (tuvam).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(second person singular, possessive adjective tuus)

  1. you (singular); thou
    tuī pudet.
    I am ashamed of you.

QuotationsEdit

InflectionEdit

Irregular declension

Number Singular Plural
nominative vōs
genitive tuī vestrī, vestrum
dative tibi vōbīs
accusative vōs
ablative vōbīs
vocative vōs

Usage notesEdit

When used in the plural genitive, vestrī is used when it is the object of an action, especially when used with a gerund or gerundive. When used in such a construction, the gerund or gerundive takes on the masculine genitive singular. Vestrum is used as a partitive genitive, used in constructions such as (one of you).

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: tu
  • Catalan: tu
  • Dalmatian: te, toi
  • French: tu
  • Friulian: tu
  • Galician ti
  • Italian: tu
  • Neapolitan tu
  • Occitan: tu
  • Portuguese: tu
  • Romanian: tu
  • Romansch: ti
  • Sardinian: tue
  • Sicilian: tu
  • Spanish:

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *tū, Proto-Indo-European *túh₂, *tū, *tu, genitive *tewe, dative *toy, *tebʰ(y)e, accusative *t(w)e. The Latvian tevis comes from *tevens, with an -en-increased form showing an additional s by analogy with other genitive plurals. The dative form was originally closer to Old Prussian tebbei; the current form tev has v due to influence from other declension forms, and the ending was reduced. The accusative tevi comes from *teven, with n by analogy to the accusative form of other words. The locative tevī was formed by analogy with i-stem nouns. Cognates include Lithuanian , Old Prussian , thu, toū, thou, tau, Sudovian tu, Old Church Slavonic, Russian, Belarusian ты (ty), Ukrainian, Bulgarian ти (ti),Czech, Polish ty, Gothic 𐌸𐌿 (þū), Old Norse, Old High German þū, Old English ðu, German du, English thou, Old Irish , Hittite zik, zikka (from *tega, from *te + *egō), -du- (to you) (from *tu), Sanskrit त्वम् (tvám), Avestan [script?] (), Ancient Greek (Doric) τύ (tu), (Ionic) σύ (su), Latin , Tocharian A tu, Tocharian B twe, tuwe, Ossetian ду (du), ды (dy).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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PronounEdit

tu (personal, 2nd person singular)

  1. (informal in the singular) you; (dated) thou; second person pronoun, referring to the addressee
    vai tu nāksi man līdzi? — are you coming with me?
    pieder tautai, tad tauta piederēs tev! — belong to the people, and then the people will belong to you!
    būt uz tu ar kādu — to be on intimate terms (lit. to be on thou) with someone
  2. (in the expression “ak tu...”) used to strengthen the meaning of a word or expression
    “ak tu to skaļo gaiļa rīkli!” māte priecājas — “oh you loud rooster throat!” mother said happily
    ak tu mūžs! cūka izlauzusies no aizgalda! — ah (you) life! the pig escaped from the pen!

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The form tavs is a possessive pronoun ('your'), while tevis is a true genitive form ('of you'). The dative form tevim is used only optionally, with prepositions.

Related termsEdit

  • tavējs

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “tu” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

LithuanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *tū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu

  1. (second-person singular, informal) you

DeclensionEdit


LojbanEdit

PronunciationEdit

CmavoEdit

tu (rafsi tuf, selma'o KOhA)

  1. that over there; something distant from both speaker and listener

Related termsEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

tu

  1. accusative feminine singular of ten

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of itu, from Proto-Malayic *(i)tu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)tu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)Cu.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tu/
  • Rhymes: -tu, -u

DeterminerEdit

tu

  1. that (what is being indicated)

PronounEdit

tu

  1. that (that thing)

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

tu

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

NeapolitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tu

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you

Nigerian PidginEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English too.

AdverbEdit

tu

  1. too
  2. very

Etymology 2Edit

From English two.

Cardinal numberEdit

tu

  1. two

NovialEdit

ParticleEdit

tu

  1. to

Usage notesEdit

  • Put in front of a verb to make it infinitive.

PronounEdit

tu (accusative tum)

  1. (demonstrative) that (which is genderless)

Related termsEdit


OccitanEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin tu

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you (second-person singular subject pronoun)

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic. Etymon of Modern English two and cognate with Swedish två. Also related to the Romance cognates: French deux, Spanish dos and Latin duo; the Hellenic: Greek δύο (dýo); and the Slavic: Russian два (dva).

Cardinal numberEdit

tu

  1. The neuter form of twegen.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu

  1. here

SynonymsEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tu/
  • Hyphenation: tu

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese tu, from Latin (you), from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ (you).

PronounEdit

tu (second person singular, possessive adjective of masculine teu, possessive adjective of feminine tua)

  1. (Portugal, non-formal) you (singular second person pronoun)
  2. (Brazil, archaic, ,, literary or regional) you (singular second person pronoun)

Usage notesEdit

  • tu has fallen out of use in various regions of Brazil, including most of the Southeast and the Center-west, where “você” has taken its place. It’s still very commonly used in various regions of the country though, such as most of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, parts of Paraná, Rio de Janeiro city and most of of the Northeast and North regions. It should be noted that, in Rio de Janeiro, the pronoun is frequently employed interchangeably with você. Despite the media's preference for "você", the usage of "tu" seems to have been gaining ground throughout the last few decades ine Rio (see [1], a linguistic research on the topic in Portuguese), being most frequent among youngsters.
  • According to grammars, tu should always take second person singular verbs, as is the case in Portugal and some parts of Brazil. However, in many Brazilian dialects which employ tu, it now takes third person singular verbs, like você.

SynonymsEdit

  • (second person singular pronoun): o senhor (Brazil, formal), você (formal in Portugal, informal in Brazil), vossa mercê (formal, archaic), vosmecê (formal, obsolete)

See alsoEdit

Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Objective
(direct object)
Objective
(indirect object)
Prepositional Prepositional
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)
Indefinite se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)

RomaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronounEdit

tu (personal)

  1. you (singular)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin , from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu (second-person singular)

  1. you, thou

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish .

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you (singular, informal)

SynonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • The more usual form today is thu, while tu is the form used in certain constructions, for instance in the conditional tense.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

AdverbEdit

tu (Cyrillic spelling ту)

  1. there
  2. here

Related termsEdit

SynonymsEdit


SicilianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tu.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

tu (second person singular)

  1. you (informal); thou

InflectionEdit

nominative tu
prepositional tia
object, reflexive ti

SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

  1. here, in this place

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tuum.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tu (second person singular possessive of singular, of plural tus)

  1. (before the noun) apocopic form of tuyo Your.

Usage notesEdit

The forms tu and tus are only used before and within the noun phrase of the modified noun. In other positions, a form of tuyo is used instead:

Son tus libros. — “[They] are your books.”
Son los libros tuyos. — “[They] are your books.” (“...the books of yours.”)

SynonymsEdit

  • (parts of Central and South America) su
Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Sranan TongoEdit

NumberEdit

tu

  1. (cardinal) two

SwahiliEdit

AdverbEdit

tu

  1. only

SwedishEdit

Cardinal numberEdit

tu

  1. (archaic, cardinal) two

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • ett, tu, tre
  • itu
  • på tu man hand

Tocharian AEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tocharian, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognate with Tocharian B tuwe.

PronounEdit

tu

  1. you

Tok PisinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English two.

NumeralEdit

tu

  1. two
Usage notesEdit

Used when counting; see also tupela.

Etymology 2Edit

From English too

AdverbEdit

tu

  1. too; also; as well
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:15 (translation here):
      God i mekim kamap tupela bikpela lait. Bikpela em san bilong givim lait long de, na liklik em mun bilong givim lait long nait. Na God i mekim kamap ol sta tu.
    • 1995, John Verhaar, Toward a reference grammar of Tok Pisin: an experiment in corpus linguistics[2], ISBN 0-8248-1672-2, page 433:
      Mekim olsem pinis, orait tupela i planim taro na banana, na kumu, painap, kon, tomato, na kaukau tu.


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VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): /tu˧˧/
  • (Huế) IPA(key): /tʊw˧˧/
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): /tʊw˧˥/

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tu

  1. Title of nobility

VerbEdit

tu

  1. to meditate

Related termsEdit

  • nhà tu
  • đi tu
Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 00:07