Last modified on 15 March 2015, at 22:26

scarf

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Probably from Old Northern French escarpe (compare Old French escherpe (pilgrim's purse suspended from the neck)), possibly from Frankish *skirpja or of other Germanic origin (compare Old Norse skreppa (small bag, wallet, satchel)). Alternatively from Medieval Latin scirpa (little woven bag of rushes), from Latin scirpus (rush, bullrush). [1]. The verb is derived from the noun.

NounEdit

scarf (plural scarves or scarfs)

  1. A long, often knitted, garment worn around the neck.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 2, The China Governess[1]:
      Now that she had rested and had fed from the luncheon tray Mrs. Broome had just removed, she had reverted to her normal gaiety.  She looked cool in a grey tailored cotton dress with a terracotta scarf and shoes and her hair a black silk helmet.
  2. A headscarf.
  3. (dated) A neckcloth or cravat.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

scarf (third-person singular simple present scarfs, present participle scarfing, simple past and past participle scarfed)

  1. To throw on loosely; to put on like a scarf.
  2. To dress with a scarf, or as with a scarf; to cover with a loose wrapping.

Etymology 2Edit

A scarf joint
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Particularly: "the second definition"

Of uncertain origin. Possibly from Old Norse skarfr, derivative of skera (to cut).

NounEdit

scarf (plural scarfs)

  1. A type of joint in woodworking.
  2. A groove on one side of a sewing machine needle.
  3. A dip or notch or cut made in the trunk of a tree to direct its fall when felling.
TranslationsEdit
SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

scarf (third-person singular simple present scarfs, present participle scarfing, simple past and past participle scarfed)

  1. To shape by grinding.
  2. To form a scarf on the end or edge of, as for a joint in timber, forming a "V" groove for welding adjacent metal plates, metal rods, etc.
  3. To unite, as two pieces of timber or metal, by a scarf joint.

Etymology 3Edit

Of imitative origin, or a variant of scoff. Alternatively from Old English sceorfan (gnaw, bite).

VerbEdit

scarf (third-person singular simple present scarfs, present participle scarfing, simple past and past participle scarfed)

  1. (transitive, US, slang) To eat very quickly.
    You sure scarfed that pizza.
Usage notesEdit

The more usual form in the UK is scoff.

Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Icelandic skarfr?

NounEdit

scarf

  1. (Scotland) A cormorant.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/scarf?s=t

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *skarpaz, whence also Old Saxon skarp, Old English scearp, Old Norse skarpr. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerb(h), from *(s)ker- (to cut).

AdjectiveEdit

scarf

  1. sharp

DescendantsEdit