schrikken

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsxrɪkə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: schrik‧ken
  • Rhymes: -ɪkən

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch schricken, from Old Dutch *skrikken, from Proto-Germanic *skrikjaną; the ultimate origin is uncertain, possibly related to *skeraną (to shear) or *skrīaną (to scream).[1] Also compare Old Norse skaga (to jut out).

VerbEdit

schrikken

  1. (intransitive) to be startled, to get a scare
    Niet schrikken!
    Don't be startled!
  2. (transitive) to quench (cool rapidly by immersion)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of schrikken (strong class 3a)
infinitive schrikken
past singular schrok
past participle geschrokken
infinitive schrikken
gerund schrikken n
present tense past tense
1st person singular schrik schrok
2nd person sing. (jij) schrikt schrok
2nd person sing. (u) schrikt schrok
2nd person sing. (gij) schrikt schrokt
3rd person singular schrikt schrok
plural schrikken schrokken
subjunctive sing.1 schrikke schrokke
subjunctive plur.1 schrikken schrokken
imperative sing. schrik
imperative plur.1 schrikt
participles schrikkend geschrokken
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: skrik
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: skreki, skriki
  • Negerhollands: skrek, skrik
  • Sranan Tongo: skreki
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1883), “schreken”, in John Francis Davis, transl., Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, published 1891

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

schrikken

  1. Plural form of schrik