- (transitive) To satisfy, especially an actual or figurative thirst.
- The library quenched her thirst for knowledge.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book II, canto V, page 254:
- The wearie Traueiler, wandring that way, / Therein did often quench his thriſty heat, / And then by it his wearie limbes diſplay, / Whiles creeping ſlomber made him to forget […]
- 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
- I began also to feel very hungry, as not having eaten for twenty-four hours; and worse than that, there was a parching thirst and dryness in my throat, and nothing with which to quench it.
- (transitive) To extinguish or put out (as a fire or light).
- 1798, Francisco de Quevedo, Fortune in Her Wits, and the Hour of All Men, volume 3, Edinburgh, translation of La fortuna con seso, y La hora de todos, pages 130–131:
- […] others ſaying, the fire would ceaſe as ſoon as it had vent, uncovered a great part of the houſe, breaking down the roofs, and destroying all that ſtood in their way. None of them went about to quench the fire, but all were employed in pulling down the houſe, […]
- (transitive, metallurgy) To cool rapidly by dipping into a bath of coolant, as a blacksmith quenching hot iron.
- The swordsmith quenched the sword in an oil bath so that it wouldn't shatter.
- (transitive, chemistry) To terminate or greatly diminish (a chemical reaction) by destroying or deforming the remaining reagents.
- (transitive, physics) To rapidly change the parameters of a physical system.
- 2018, “Strong quenches in the one-dimensional Fermi-Hubbard model”, in Physical Review A, volume 98, DOI:10.1103/PhysRevA.98.033602, page 1:
- A suitable method to prepare a system out of equilibrium in order to study the ensuing dynamics is to quench the system, i.e., to change its parameters abruptly.
- (transitive, physics) To rapidly terminate the operation of a superconducting electromagnet by causing part or all of the magnet's windings to enter the normal, resistive state.
- If someone is pinned against the MRI magnet by a ferromagnetic object, you may need to quench the magnet in order to free them.
to satisfy thirst
to extinguish or put out
to cool rapidly by immersion
quench (plural quenches)