From Middle English scrutiny, from Medieval Latin scrūtinium (“a search, an inquiry”), from Vulgar Latin scrūtārī (“to search or examine thoroughly”), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta (“rubbish, broken trash”); or of Germanic origin, related to Old English scrūtnung (“examination, investigation, inquiry, search”), from Old English scrūtnian, scrūdnian (“to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate”), from Proto-Germanic *skrudōną, *skruþōną (“to search, examine”), from Proto-Germanic *skrud-, *skruþ- (“to cut”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreut- (“to cut”). Compare Old High German skrodōn, scrutōn, scrutilōn (“to research, explore”), Old High German scrod (“a search, scrutiny”), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌷𐍂𐌿𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌽 (andhruskan, “to investigate, explore”), Old English scrēadian (“to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune”). More at shred.
scrutiny (plural scrutinies)
- Intense study of someone or something.
- Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view / And narrower scrutiny.
- Thorough inspection of a situation or a case.
- An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
- A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.
- An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Brande & C to this entry?)
- going-over (informal)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- Noah Webster (1913), “scrutiny”, in Noah Porter, editor, Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam Company
- “scrutiny”, in The Century Dictionary, New York: The Century Co., 1911
- "Scrutiny" in the Catholic Encyclopedia
- 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", scrûtnung
- Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.). Scrutnung. Retrieved September 18, 2011, from http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/027060