See also: Secundus

Latin edit

Latin numbers (edit)
20[a], [b], [c], [d], [e]
 ←  1 II
2
3  → 
    Cardinal: duo
    Ordinal: secundus, alter
    Adverbial: bis
    Multiplier: duplex, duplus
    Distributive: bīnī
    Collective: bīniō
    Fractional: dīmidius, sēmis

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *sekʷondo- (literally that follows); equivalent to sequor (to follow) +‎ -undus.[1] The positive meanings "favourable, fair" come from the notion of the wind or current following you from behind.[2][3]

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

secundus (feminine secunda, neuter secundum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. second, the ordinal number after prīmus (first) and before tertius (third)

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative secundus secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda
Genitive secundī secundae secundī secundōrum secundārum secundōrum
Dative secundō secundō secundīs
Accusative secundum secundam secundum secundōs secundās secunda
Ablative secundō secundā secundō secundīs
Vocative secunde secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Adjective edit

secundus (feminine secunda, neuter secundum, comparative secundior, superlative secundissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. next, following
    Synonym: posterior
  2. according to (with object in accusative case)
  3. second
  4. secondary, subordinate, inferior
    Synonym: posterior
  5. (nautical) favourable, fair (of weather, seas)
  6. (military) fortunate, lucky, victorious, successful (of battle--secundis proeliis)
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 29:
      Errare, si qui in bello omnes secundos rerum proventus exspectent
      If whoever expects every events in the war to be favorable, erred
  7. (poetic) propitious, favorable, fortunate

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative secundus secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda
Genitive secundī secundae secundī secundōrum secundārum secundōrum
Dative secundō secundō secundīs
Accusative secundum secundam secundum secundōs secundās secunda
Ablative secundō secundā secundō secundīs
Vocative secunde secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda

Descendants edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sequor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Ernout, Alfred; Meillet, Antoine (1985), “secundus”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: histoire des mots (in French), with additions and corrections of Jacques André, 4th edition, Paris: Klincksieck, published 2001, page 608
  3. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, 1989. Volume XIV, page 825.

Further reading edit

  • secundus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • secundus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • secundus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • secundus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have favourable, contrary, winds: ventis secundis, adversis uti
    • to be fortunate, lucky: fortuna secunda uti
    • to be puffed up by success; to be made arrogant by prosperity: rebus secundis efferri
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • the dessert: secunda mensa (Att. 14. 6. 2)
    • to fight successfully: proeliis secundis uti
    • (ambiguous) with the stream; downstream: flumine secundo
  • secundus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • secundus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray